About Aloe Butter
- Synonyms: Aloe Butter
- INCI Name: Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract
- CAS: 8001-31-8
- Einecs: 232-282-8
- Source: Extract of Aloe Barbadensis (aloe vera) using a coconut fatty fraction
- Solubility: Vegetable oil, Insoluble in water
- Viscosity: Soft-solid butter at room temperature that melts on contact at skin temperature (if held above that point for extended period)
- Melting Point ° F: Melting point is about 97 ° F
- Saponification Value (SAP): 220 - 260 Typically
- Saponification Value (NAOH/oz): .171 Typically
- Saponification Value (KOH/oz): .24 Typically
- Storage: Cool, dark dry area, air tight container preferred
- Appearance: Very light yellow
- Ingredients: Aloe Oil, Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
- Odor: Medium Aloe Scent
- Natural: From natural sources
- Extraction: Aloe Leaves are harvested, oils is extracted and infused with hydrogenated vegetable oil
- Packaging: 1 lb and 3 lb is a single plastic resealable bag. 15 lb is 5 x 3 lb resealable bags. 55 lb is a single plastic Pail.
- Shelf life: Recommended to use within 18 months.
Usage / Benefits
- Industries: Cosmetics & Personal Care, Soap Making, Spa and Wellness, Home DIY, Holistic and Natural Medicine
- Applications: Lotions, creams, lip balms, hair conditioners, face masks, makeup products, moisturizing agent in both bar and liquid soaps, formulations for skin-healing ointments and creams, massage butters, treatments for sunburn or irritated skin, homemade skin and hair care products, balms, salves.
- Percentages: In Cold Process Soap, up to 15%, Direct Skin use 0% to 100%, melt and pour soap 1 to 2 tbs per lb of soap. Creams and lotions normally contain a minimum of at least 5% in order provide positive effects.
- Benefits: Moisturizing properties, soothing effects on irritated skin, promotes skin healing, anti-inflammatory properties, antioxidant-rich, provides relief from sunburn, supports skin elasticity, easily absorbed by the skin, non-greasy texture, suitable for all skin types, aids in reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
- Products Uses: Lotions, creams, lip balms, hair conditioners, face masks, soaps, sunburn relief products, shaving creams, body butters, salves, hair masks, makeup removers, and massage creams..
- Safety: Aloe Butter is generally safe, however keep out of eyes and do not eat.
- Cautions: Keep away from pets and children who may attempt to eat.
- External Use Only: Even if food grade, we do not provide items for ingestion, all of our items are for external use only.
Aloe Butter may be used for cutaneous dryness to assist in moisturization after exposure to sun and other harsh elements. It is completely oil miscible and contains no preservatives or coloring agents. Completely natural.
Aloe Butter is an extraction of Aloe Vera using a fatty coconut fraction to produce a soft-solid which melts on contact with the skin. It aids in rapid hydration of dry skin caused by eczema, psoriasis, rosacea, sun burn, wind burn, and general chapping. Aloe butter is suitable for a variety of skin care applications including use in lotions, soaps, skin creams and lip balms. Use it to enhance moisturization and to include the properties of aloe in your formulations. Use aloe butter at 3-5% in lotions, creams, soaps, body balms, hair balms, bath bombs and lip balms. It can also be enjoyed "as is."
Aloe Butter is a soft solid butter produced by extracting Aloe Vera in a fatty fraction of coconut which is completely oil miscible. Aloe Butter melts on contact with the skin and it may be used in creams, lotions, and soaps at 2.5% to 6% and for lip and body balms up to 100% to provide a moisture barrier for dry skin. Aloe butter is sold by weight.
The Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis) plant, which is native to Africa, has long been known for its medicinal properties. With its soft texture, this white colored butter is a great addition for any cosmetic application with a softness rating of 4.
Since the healing properties of Aloe were discovered many centuries ago, Aloe has been used worldwide in a wide variety of cosmetics and medications. Its original use was for the production of a latex substance called Aloin which was used in laxatives.
Using a coconut fatty fraction which produces a soft-solid "butter" at room temperature which melts on contact at skin temperatures. Aloe Butter may be used for cutaneous dryness to assist in moisturization after exposure to sun and other harsh elements.
It is completely oil miscible and contains no preservatives or coloring agents. Completely natural!
Benefits of Aloe Butter
Aloe butter has carved a significant niche for itself in the world of natural skincare and beauty products. Its origin from the potent aloe vera plant, combined with the consistency and beneficial properties of vegetable fats, makes it an ingredient of choice for many who seek natural remedies for skin care concerns.
Derived from a combination of aloe vera extract and a carrier fat like coconut oil, aloe butter is a rich, creamy substance that boasts many of the revered benefits of its parent plant, aloe vera. Aloe vera has been a staple in skincare for millennia, known for its moisturizing, healing, and anti-inflammatory properties. When these benefits are incorporated into a buttery formulation, the result is a versatile product that can cater to a myriad of skin needs.
One of the primary benefits of aloe butter is its remarkable moisturizing capability. Unlike some skincare products that only offer surface-level hydration, aloe butter penetrates the skin, providing deep moisturization and leaving the skin feeling soft and supple. This makes it especially valuable for those with dry or flaky skin, as it can provide long-lasting hydration without leaving a greasy residue.
In addition to moisturization, aloe butter is also prized for its soothing effects on irritated skin. For individuals suffering from sunburn, rashes, or other minor skin irritations, aloe butter can provide relief. Its anti-inflammatory properties help to reduce redness and swelling, and its natural cooling effect can alleviate discomfort. These properties make aloe butter a preferred choice for after-sun care products.
Skin healing is another notable benefit. The aloe vera component of the butter is known to promote faster healing of minor cuts, burns, and abrasions. Combined with the protective barrier that the butter forms on the skin, it provides an environment conducive to healing while preventing further damage.
Aloe butter is also packed with antioxidants. Antioxidants play a crucial role in combating the harmful effects of free radicals, which can accelerate skin aging and contribute to skin issues. By including aloe butter in their skincare regimen, individuals can harness these antioxidants to help protect their skin from premature aging and maintain a youthful glow.
Its benefits are not just limited to facial skin. Aloe butter can be used all over the body, including the hair. When applied to hair, it can provide moisturization, reduce frizz, and enhance shine, making it a valuable ingredient in hair masks and conditioners.
Furthermore, for those with sensitive skin, finding suitable skincare products can be a challenge. Aloe butter, with its natural, gentle ingredients, is often a recommended solution.
What are the uses of Aloe Butter?
Aloe butter, derived from the fusion of aloe vera extract with a carrier fat, is lauded for its range of applications across various industries and DIY projects. Here are some of its popular uses:
- Skin Care: Aloe butter can be directly applied to the skin as a moisturizer or be incorporated into lotions and creams. Its nourishing properties help soothe dry and irritated skin.
- Hair Care: It's utilized in hair conditioners and masks to provide moisture, reduce frizz, and promote shine.
- Lip Care: Due to its hydrating qualities, it's often found in lip balms and lip care products to ensure soft and supple lips.
- Soap Making: Aloe butter can be integrated into both bar and liquid soap formulations for its skin-nourishing benefits.
- After-sun Products: Thanks to its cooling and anti-inflammatory properties, it's a common ingredient in after-sun creams and lotions to alleviate sunburns.
- DIY Projects: For those who like to make their skincare products at home, aloe butter serves as a versatile ingredient in creating homemade creams, balms, and salves.
These varied uses underscore the versatility of aloe butter and its esteemed place in the world of natural skincare and wellness.
What is aloe butter made of?
Aloe butter is typically derived from the fusion of aloe vera extract and a carrier fat, often coconut oil or another type of vegetable fat. This blend results in a creamy, soft butter that retains many of the skin-nourishing benefits of aloe vera.
How is aloe butter different from aloe gel?
Aloe butter is typically derived from a fusion of aloe vera extract with a carrier fat, such as coconut oil or another type of vegetable fat. This blend results in a creamy, soft consistency that maintains many benefits of aloe vera. On the other hand, aloe gel is the pure, clear substance that is extracted directly from the inner leaf of the aloe vera plant. It has a gel-like consistency and doesn't contain added fats or oils.
Texture and Consistency
Aloe butter is thicker, more like a creamy butter, and provides a moisturizing barrier on the skin. Aloe gel has a watery gel consistency, which is easily absorbed by the skin and offers a cooling sensation upon application.
Applications and Uses
Aloe butter is more commonly used in moisturizing products like creams, lotions, and hair conditioners due to its rich consistency. It offers deep hydration and is especially beneficial for very dry skin. Aloe gel, with its cooling properties, is often used for soothing sunburns, skin irritations, and as a base in many skincare products.
Storage and Shelf Life
Aloe butter, due to its fatty content, might have a longer shelf life than pure aloe gel, especially when stored properly. Aloe gel, being a natural extract without preservatives, can have a shorter shelf life and may require refrigeration to extend its longevity.
While both aloe butter and aloe gel derive their benefits from the aloe vera plant, they differ in composition, texture, applications, and storage needs, catering to different skincare and beauty requirements.
What are the skincare benefits of aloe butter?
Aloe butter, with its creamy consistency, offers deep hydration to the skin, combating dryness and leaving the skin feeling soft and supple. It can lock in moisture, ensuring long-lasting hydration throughout the day.
Due to its aloe vera content, aloe butter is known to have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help soothe and calm irritated skin, reducing redness and swelling. This makes it an excellent choice for sensitive skin types or those with conditions like eczema and psoriasis.
Healing and Restoration
The restorative nature of aloe vera, combined with the moisturizing benefits of the carrier fat, allows aloe butter to promote faster healing of minor skin abrasions, cuts, and burns. It creates a protective layer that supports skin recovery while preventing external irritants.
Aloe butter is rich in antioxidants which help combat free radicals, known for their potential to accelerate skin aging. By integrating aloe butter into a skincare routine, one can harness these antioxidants to protect the skin and maintain a youthful appearance.
Thanks to the natural cooling effect of aloe vera, aloe butter can offer relief from sunburns, helping to alleviate discomfort, reduce inflammation, and accelerate the healing process.
Despite its moisturizing capabilities, aloe butter is absorbed easily by the skin without leaving a greasy residue. This makes it suitable for all skin types, including oily and combination skin.
Aloe butter encapsulates a blend of nourishing properties from both aloe vera and its carrier fat. It offers an array of skincare benefits, from deep hydration to soothing irritated skin, making it a valuable ingredient in many skincare formulations.
Can aloe butter be used on sensitive skin?
Aloe butter is derived from the aloe vera plant, known for its soothing and gentle properties, blended with a carrier fat. Due to its natural composition, it generally lacks harsh chemicals that might irritate sensitive skin.
The inherent anti-inflammatory properties of aloe vera present in the butter can help reduce redness and inflammation, making it suitable for calming sensitive skin. It can provide relief from irritations and flare-ups that sensitive skin types may often experience.
Deep Moisturization without Greasiness
Aloe butter offers moisturizing benefits without leaving a greasy residue. Its ability to hydrate without clogging pores or feeling heavy makes it beneficial for sensitive skin that may react negatively to heavier products.
Patch Testing Recommendation
Despite its natural benefits, it's always recommended to conduct a patch test before fully incorporating any new product into a skincare routine, especially for sensitive skin types. Applying a small amount of aloe butter on a discreet area and waiting for 24-48 hours can help identify any potential reactions.
Aloe butter, with its gentle and soothing properties, can be a favorable choice for those with sensitive skin. However, as with all skincare products, it's crucial to listen to one's skin and observe how it reacts to ensure the best care and comfort.
Is aloe butter comedogenic (does it clog pores)?
Origin and Composition
Aloe butter is typically formulated by blending aloe vera extract with a carrier fat, such as coconut oil or another vegetable fat. The comedogenicity of aloe butter largely depends on its carrier fat, as aloe vera extract itself is generally non-comedogenic.
Non-comedogenic Nature of Aloe Vera
Aloe vera, a core ingredient in aloe butter, is renowned for its skin-soothing properties and is generally considered non-comedogenic. This means that the aloe component in aloe butter is unlikely to clog pores.
Role of the Carrier Fat
The comedogenic potential of aloe butter may come from its carrier fat. Some oils and fats have higher comedogenic ratings, meaning they are more likely to clog pores. For instance, if coconut oil, which has a moderate to high comedogenic rating, is used as the carrier fat, the resulting aloe butter may have a higher likelihood of being comedogenic.
Individual Skin Response
It's essential to note that the comedogenicity of a product can also depend on individual skin types and conditions. What might clog pores for one person might not necessarily do so for another. Hence, it's always beneficial to test a product on a small area of the skin to observe any adverse reactions.
While the aloe component of aloe butter is generally non-comedogenic, the overall comedogenicity of the product can vary depending on its carrier fat and individual skin responses. It's recommended to check the specific formulation of aloe butter and perhaps do a patch test before full application, especially for those with acne-prone skin.
How do I store aloe butter, and what is its shelf life?
Aloe butter should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight to maintain its consistency and effectiveness. Preferably, it should be kept in an airtight container to prevent contamination and exposure to environmental factors that might accelerate its degradation.
Excessive heat can cause the butter to melt and possibly alter its consistency upon re-solidification. If you live in a particularly warm climate, consider storing aloe butter in the refrigerator. This will not only maintain its consistency but also potentially extend its shelf life. However, remember to let it reach room temperature before use, especially if you plan to blend it with other ingredients, to ensure even consistency.
The typical shelf life of aloe butter is about 18 months when stored properly. This timeframe can vary based on the specific formulation and the purity of the ingredients used. Over time, if the butter changes in smell, color, or consistency, it may be a sign that it's past its prime and should be discarded.
Maximizing Shelf Life
Using clean hands or a spatula to scoop out the product, avoiding water contamination, and ensuring the lid or cap is securely closed after each use can help in maximizing the shelf life of aloe butter.
In conclusion, proper storage of aloe butter is key to preserving its beneficial properties and ensuring it remains effective for as long as possible. Being attentive to storage conditions and monitoring any changes in the product can help in making the most out of its natural goodness.
Can aloe butter be used on hair?
Aloe butter is renowned for its hydrating properties. When applied to hair, it can provide deep moisturization, combatting dryness and helping to restore the hair's natural luster and shine. It's especially beneficial for those with dry, brittle, or damaged hair.
The soothing properties of aloe vera present in aloe butter can benefit the scalp. It can help alleviate itchiness, reduce dandruff, and provide relief from scalp conditions like psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis.
Enhancing Hair Texture
When used as a hair mask or a conditioner, aloe butter can help in improving the texture of the hair, making it softer, more manageable, and less prone to frizz. This can be particularly beneficial for curly or wavy hair types.
Strength and Damage Repair
Aloe butter can help strengthen hair strands and minimize breakage. Its nutrients can assist in repairing damage caused by chemical treatments, excessive heat styling, or environmental factors.
To use aloe butter on hair, take a small amount, melt it between your palms, and apply it to damp or dry hair. It can be used as a pre-shampoo treatment, a conditioner, or a styling aid. However, as with any product, it's advisable to start with a small quantity to gauge how your hair responds and then adjust the amount based on preference and needs.
In conclusion, aloe butter can be a versatile and beneficial addition to hair care routines. Its natural ingredients and properties make it suitable for various hair types and concerns, promoting healthier, shinier, and more resilient hair.
Is aloe butter safe for use during pregnancy?
General Safety of Aloe Butter
Aloe butter is typically a blend of aloe vera extract and a carrier fat such as coconut oil or another vegetable fat. Both these ingredients are generally considered safe for topical use on the skin.
Considerations for Pregnant Women
For most women, using aloe butter topically during pregnancy should not pose any issues. Aloe vera is renowned for its skin-soothing properties, and its moisturizing attributes can be particularly beneficial for pregnant women experiencing skin dryness or itchiness, especially on the expanding belly.
Oral Consumption vs. Topical Application
While aloe butter is meant for external use, it's worth noting that consuming aloe vera or products containing aloe latex orally during pregnancy might not be advisable. Some studies suggest that it could stimulate uterine contractions or lower blood sugar, but these concerns are primarily associated with internal consumption and not with topical application.
Consultation with Healthcare Professionals
While aloe butter is generally safe, every individual can react differently, and pregnancy can alter how the body responds to various substances. Hence, if there are any doubts or concerns about using aloe butter or any other products during pregnancy, it's always best to consult with a healthcare professional or dermatologist to get personalized advice.
In conclusion, aloe butter is generally safe for topical use during pregnancy, but as with any product, it's crucial to pay attention to individual reactions and seek advice when in doubt. Ensuring the wellbeing of both the mother and the baby should always be a priority.
How does aloe butter feel on the skin, and is it greasy?
Texture and Consistency
Aloe butter is known for its creamy and smooth consistency. When touched, it usually feels soft, and it melts readily upon contact with the skin, making it easy to spread and apply.
Feel on the Skin
Once applied, aloe butter tends to feel lightweight and moisturizing. Its primary component, aloe vera, is renowned for its soothing and hydrating properties, which can leave the skin feeling refreshed and rejuvenated.
The greasiness of aloe butter can vary based on its formulation. The carrier fat or oil used in its creation plays a significant role in determining its oily nature. For instance, if a particularly oily fat like coconut oil is used, the aloe butter might feel slightly greasier. However, in general, aloe butter is formulated to absorb relatively quickly into the skin, minimizing any greasy residue. The quick absorption ensures that the skin doesn't feel overly oily or sticky after application.
Benefits for Different Skin Types
Aloe butter's non-greasy feel makes it suitable for various skin types, from dry to combination. Even those with oily skin might find it beneficial due to the soothing properties of aloe, though it's always advisable to test on a small patch of skin first.
In conclusion, aloe butter is characterized by its smooth texture and generally non-greasy feel on the skin. Its unique combination of hydration and lightweight consistency makes it a favored choice for many looking for skin nourishment without the oily aftermath.
Can aloe butter be used as a base for DIY skincare recipes?
A Versatile Base
Aloe butter is a versatile and nourishing ingredient that can indeed be used as a base for various DIY skincare formulations. Its creamy texture and beneficial properties make it a preferred choice for those looking to craft their skincare products.
Blending with Essential Oils
One of the most common uses of aloe butter in DIY skincare is blending it with essential oils. Depending on the desired effect, one can add oils like lavender for relaxation, tea tree for acne-prone skin, or chamomile for soothing benefits. The butter acts as a carrier, ensuring the essential oils are safely diluted and easily applied to the skin.
Creating Body Butters and Lotions
Aloe butter can serve as a primary ingredient in homemade body butters or lotions. By mixing it with other natural butters, like shea or cocoa, and adding a few drops of vitamin E oil or jojoba oil, one can create rich, moisturizing blends tailored to specific skin needs.
Face Masks and Scrubs
For those aiming to concoct face masks or scrubs, aloe butter can be combined with ingredients like oatmeal, honey, or ground almonds. Its soothing properties can enhance the overall effect, providing hydration while other ingredients exfoliate and nourish the skin.
Considerations for DIY Formulations
When using aloe butter as a base for DIY recipes, it's essential to ensure all tools and containers are clean to prevent contamination. Moreover, always conduct a patch test when trying out a new formulation to check for any adverse reactions. Lastly, store DIY products in a cool, dry place and use them within a reasonable timeframe, especially if they don't contain preservatives.
In conclusion, aloe butter's adaptable nature and skin-loving attributes make it a fantastic base for DIY skincare recipes. Whether you're crafting lotions, masks, or aromatic blends, aloe butter can be a foundational ingredient that enhances the overall quality and effectiveness of homemade skincare products.
Who is Soapgoods?
We are proud to present a diverse and extensive selection of soap making supplies including soap molds as well as melt and pour soap bases. Are you looking for something unique, something hard to find? Wondering Where to buy Witch Hazel Distillate - Alcohol Free? We are a fantastic source!
We carry it all and many other fantastic but hard to find items at great wholesale prices, we are the one-stop-shop, you can find everything you need here, even bulk Xanthan Gum Right here at Soapgoods
We know you have choices, that's why we work harder, providing better quality, faster shipping and a wide selection of items in practical sizes for any application. When you need to make a purchase and need it delivered quickly, look to us to provide you the service you need. We even have Wholesale Yogurt Powder, in small and large builds sizes, either way, you can get our best direct to consumer pricing. Plus we ship it out the next business days. and will ship the next business day.
Where else can you do all your shopping in one place? When you need to make a purchase and get it delivered quickly. Buy Zinc Oxide Powder? Right here
When you are looking for quality personal care products, cosmetics and soap making supplies, be sure to visit our online store for Acacia Gum Enjoy our premium quality ingredients and super fast shipping times.
Read our Real Reviews from Google and Bizrate
100% Real Reviews (we cannot edit, create or delete reviews) From Google, Click here -> Real SoapGoods Reviews
See more Real Reviews (we cannot edit, create or delete reviews) from Third Party Watchdog Bizrate Real SoapGoods Reviews (Click Here and Scroll Down)
Read hundreds of real testimonials from over a decade of service. SoapGoods Testimonials.
How Fast Can I get it?
We Guarantee Your order ships out the same or next business day! This means in the South East you will have your order in 1 to 3 business days, in the North East normally 3 to 4 days and in the West normally 4 to 5 days. For full details on shipping and processing times please see our expected delivery times.
These times are based on business days, not including weekends or holidays.
FedEx Delivery Map
USPS Delivery Map
Typical Delivery Times to Major US Cities
|Major Cities||Total Business Days +1 / -1|
|Alabama (AL) - Montgomery, Birmingham||1|
|Alaska (AK) - Juneau, Anchorage||7|
|Arizona (AZ) - Phoenix, Tucson||4|
|Arkansas (AR) - Little Rock, Fayetteville||2|
|California (CA) - Sacramento, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Sacramento, San Jose||4|
|Colorado (CO) - Denver, Colorado Springs||3|
|Connecticut (CT) - Hartford, New Haven||2|
|Delaware (DE) - Dover, Wilmington, Newark||2|
|Florida (FL) - Tallahassee, Orlando, Miami, Jacksonville, Tampa, Destin||2|
|Georgia (GA) - Atlanta, Savannah, Augusta, Athens||1|
|Hawaii (HI) - Honolulu, Kailua||7|
|Idaho (ID) - Boise, Coeur d'Alene||4|
|Illinois (IL) - Springfield, Chicago, Peoria, Rockford||2|
|Indiana (IN) - Indianapolis, Fort Wayne||2|
|Iowa (IA) - Des Moines, Cedar Rapids||2|
|Kansas (KS) - Topeka, Wichita, Kansas City||2|
|Kentucky (KY) - Frankfort, Louisville, Lexington||2|
|Louisiana (LA) - Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Lafayette||2|
|Maine (ME) - Augusta, Portland, Bangor||3|
|Maryland (MD) - Annapolis, Baltimore||2|
|Massachusetts (MA) - Boston, Cambridge, Worcester||2|
|Michigan (MI) - Lansing, Detroit, Grand Rapids||2|
|Minnesota (MN) - St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth||3|
|Mississippi (MS) - Jackson, Biloxi, Hattiesburg||1|
|Missouri (MO) - Jefferson City, St Louis, Kansas City||2|
|Montana (MT) - Helena, Billings||4|
|Nebraska (NE) - Lincoln, Omaha||2|
|Nevada (NV) - Carson City, Las Vegas, Reno||4|
|New Hampshire (NH) - Concord, Manchester, Portsmouth||2|
|New Jersey (NJ) - Trenton, Newark, Jersey City||2|
|New Mexico (NM) - Santa Fe, Alburquerque||3|
|New York (NY) - Albany, New York, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany, Syracuse, Niagara Falls, Ithaca||3|
|North Carolina (NC) - Raleigh, Charlotte||2|
|North Dakota (ND) - Bismarck, Fargo||3|
|Ohio (OH) - Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati||2|
|Oklahoma (OK) - Oklahoma City, Fairview,||2|
|Oregon (OR) - Salem, Portland, Eugene||5|
|Pennsylvania (PA) - Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh||2|
|Rhode Island (RI) - Providence, Newport||2|
|South Carolina (SC) - Columbia, Charleston||1|
|South Dakota (SD) - Pierre, Sioux Falls, Rapid City||3|
|Tennessee (TN) - Nashville, Memphis||2|
|Texas (TX) - Austin, Houston, Dallas||3|
|Utah (UT) - Salt Lake City, St. George||3|
|Vermont (VT) - Montpelier, Burlington||3|
|Virginia (VA) - Richmond, Virginia Beach||2|
|Washington (WA) - Olympia, Seattle, Vancouver, Spokane||5|
|West Virginia (WV) - Charleston, Morgantown||2|
|Wisconsin (WI) - Madison, Milwaukee||2|
|Wyoming (WY) - Cheyenne, Jackson||4|