About Bergamot Essential Oil
- Synonyms: Citrus Bergamia Oil, Bergamot Fruit Oil, Bergamot Oil, Bergamot Peel Oil, Bergamotto Essential Oil, Huile Essentielle de Bergamote, Aceite Esencial de Bergamota
- Botanical Name: Citrus bergamia
- Origin: Italy
- Plant Part: Peel of the fruit
- Plant Description: The Bergamot tree can grow up to four meters high, with star-shaped flowers, and smooth leaves, bearing citrus fruit resembling a cross between an orange and a grapefruit but in a pear-shape. The fruit ripens from green to yellow. Color: Light yellowish green to yellowish brown liquid.
- Extraction Method: Cold Pressed
- Aromatic Fragrance: Medium
- Aromatic Strength: Strong
- Note: Middle
- Blends Well with: Black Pepper, Clary sage, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Jasmine, Mandarin, Nutmeg, Orange, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Vetiver and Ylang-ylang.
- Consistency: Thin
- Natural: This essential oil is from a natural source
- Color: yellow, orange
- Packaging: The 1/2 Oz, 2 Oz and 4 Oz each come in a single amber bottle. The 1 Lb size is in a steel canister, 10 Lb is either a single steel can or several steel canisters
Usage / Benefits
- Industries: Cosmetics, personal care, aromatherapy, perfumery, skin care, beauty, spa, massage therapy, wellness, hair care, candle making, soap making, holistic health.
- Applications: Skin revitalization, stress relief, mood enhancement, fragrance diffusion, massage oils, bath oils, lotions, creams, hair products, shampoos, conditioners, room sprays, diffusers, candles, balms, serums, roller blends.
- Benefits: Antimicrobial properties, mood uplifting, reduces tension and stress, skin healing, anti-inflammatory, promotes relaxation, alleviates minor pain, balancing oily skin, reduces redness and irritation, soothing, natural deodorizer, supports digestion, encourages restful sleep.
- Products Uses: Perfumery, aromatherapy diffusers, massage oils, bath products, skincare creams, lotions, hair care products, soaps, candles, room sprays, rollerball blends, relaxation products, cosmetics, balms, natural deodorants, home cleaning products, linen sprays.
- Storage: Cool, dark dry area, air tight container preferred
- Safety: Generally safe, however keep out of eyes and do not eat.
- Cautions: Not for ingestion, keep away from pets and children who may attempt to eat.
- External Use Only: Even if food grade, we do not provide items for ingestion, all of our items are for external use only.
Bergamot Essential Oil
Bergamot Essential Oil is a popular natural extract known for its rich, complex aroma and multifaceted uses in personal care and cosmetic formulations. Distilled from the rinds of the Citrus bergamia fruit, this oil has captivated the senses and enriched skin and hair care routines for generations.
The most common method for extracting Bergamot Essential Oil is cold-pressing, although steam distillation is also used. Cold-pressed Bergamot Oil is particularly prized for its vibrant scent profile and potent aromatic compounds.
The Aroma Profile
Bergamot Essential Oil boasts a unique aromatic palette that combines citrusy, spicy, and floral notes. This pleasing scent has made it a popular choice in perfumes and aromatherapy blends. When diffused, the oil is said to create a calming and uplifting atmosphere.
Bergamot Essential Oil blends well with a variety of other essential oils, including lavender, rosemary, ylang-ylang, and sandalwood. This versatility allows it to harmonize with other scents and amplify the benefits of multi-oil formulations.
Personal Care Applications
Bergamot Essential Oil is a frequent component of various personal care products. It is often found in natural deodorants, face cleansers, and shampoos due to its antiseptic and deodorizing properties.
High in antioxidants and antimicrobial agents, Bergamot Essential Oil is incorporated into skincare products to help combat free radicals and manage skin issues such as acne. Its anti-inflammatory characteristics also make it useful for soothing irritated skin.
Hair Care Products
In hair care formulations, Bergamot Essential Oil can help to promote healthier, shinier locks. Its antimicrobial properties can aid in maintaining a balanced scalp, and its delightful scent adds an aromatic touch to shampoos and conditioners.
With its delightful scent and natural cleansing properties, Bergamot Essential Oil is a popular choice for artisanal and commercial soap making. It not only imparts a citrusy aroma to the soap but also brings its antiseptic qualities to the formulation, making the end product both refreshing and cleansing.
Bergamot Essential Oil's skincare benefits extend to the realm of cosmetics. It is often used in formulations of natural makeup removers, face serums, and toners. Its astringent properties can help tighten the skin, making it a valuable addition to anti-aging cosmetics.
It is essential to note that traditional Bergamot Essential Oil can be phototoxic, meaning it can cause skin irritation or hyperpigmentation when exposed to sunlight. As a result, many cosmetic formulations opt for bergaptene-free variants for added safety.
The sheer versatility and range of applications of Bergamot Essential Oil make it an invaluable addition to any personal care or cosmetic line. From its enchanting aroma to its therapeutic properties, Bergamot continues to be a cherished natural ingredient for promoting physical and emotional well-being.
Bergamot Essential Oil its Uses
Bergamot Essential Oil is a versatile substance, highly sought after for its multifunctional applications beyond culinary and medicinal uses. Derived from the Citrus bergamia fruit, this essential oil is particularly notable for its significant contributions to personal care, soap making, and cosmetic industries.
Personal Care Uses
Bergamot Essential Oil finds its place in a plethora of personal care products, thanks to its aromatic and functional properties. This oil is commonly used in formulations of natural deodorants, owing to its antibacterial capabilities, which help control odor. Beyond its fresh and clean scent, it also has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties that make it an excellent choice for skincare products. It can aid in the treatment of acne, eczema, and other inflammatory skin conditions when used as a topical application in diluted form.
Hair Care Applications
Due to its antimicrobial and antiseptic properties, Bergamot Essential Oil is a frequent ingredient in shampoos and conditioners. These properties help maintain a balanced scalp, potentially reducing dandruff and other scalp issues. Moreover, the invigorating scent of Bergamot oil serves to provide a refreshing and uplifting experience during hair washing, making it a popular choice in aromatic hair care formulations.
In the world of artisanal and commercial soap making, Bergamot Essential Oil is a treasure. Its antibacterial and antiseptic properties contribute to the soap's cleansing ability, while its unique aroma adds a dimension of luxury to the product. Whether it's bar soap, liquid soap, or even hand sanitizers, Bergamot oil offers both functional and aromatic benefits. The scent complements other oils well, often serving as a middle note in aromatic blends.
Being a potent antiseptic and antimicrobial agent, Bergamot Essential Oil is commonly used in cosmetics like face serums, toners, and even makeup removers. Its astringent properties make it particularly useful in anti-aging products, where it can help tighten the skin and reduce the appearance of pores. Additionally, the soothing aroma of Bergamot contributes to the overall sensorial experience, making cosmetic routines feel more like spa treatments.
Bergamot in Bath Products
Another notable application of Bergamot Essential Oil is in bath products such as bath oils, salts, and bath bombs. Its ability to create a calming ambiance, combined with its skin-soothing properties, make for a relaxing bathing experience. When used in such products, Bergamot not only elevates the bathing ritual but also leaves the skin feeling refreshed and rejuvenated.
Perfumery and Aromatherapy
While not a cosmetic per se, Bergamot Essential Oil is also a staple in perfumery. Often used as a top or middle note, it blends well with a variety of scents and is known for adding complexity to aromatic profiles. Its uplifting yet calming aroma also makes it a popular choice in aromatherapy blends, often used in diffusers, roll-ons, and aromatic spritzers.
With its vast range of applications and benefits, Bergamot Essential Oil proves to be a versatile and invaluable ingredient in personal care, soap making, and cosmetics. Its blend of functional benefits and aromatic delights make it a popular choice for both formulators and consumers alike.
Bergamot Essential Oil its Benefits
Bergamot Essential Oil, distilled from the rinds of the Citrus bergamia fruit, is a veritable powerhouse of benefits, especially when it comes to personal care, soap making, and cosmetics. With its citrusy, floral aroma and various functional properties, Bergamot Essential Oil serves multiple roles that extend far beyond its pleasant scent.
Antibacterial and Antiseptic Properties
One of the most remarkable benefits of Bergamot Essential Oil is its antibacterial and antiseptic qualities. These properties make it a go-to option for various skin care products. It helps in tackling acne, skin infections, and even minor wounds. The oil cleanses the skin, removes impurities, and creates an environment where bacteria struggle to thrive.
Bergamot Essential Oil has potent anti-inflammatory properties that work wonders in calming inflamed skin. Whether it's redness from acne or the discomfort of skin conditions like eczema, this oil can bring relief when used in appropriate dilutions. Its calming effect also extends to the senses, often used in aromatherapy for its ability to reduce stress and anxiety.
Rich in Antioxidants
The oil is rich in antioxidants, which make it an exceptional ingredient in anti-aging products. It can neutralize free radicals, thus protecting skin cells from damage. Products featuring Bergamot Essential Oil can aid in reducing the appearance of fine lines and improving skin texture over time.
Bergamot Essential Oil is highly astringent, meaning it can help to tighten and tone the skin. This makes it a valuable addition to products designed to minimize pores and improve the skin's overall appearance. It's commonly found in toners, face washes, and even in some makeup products to provide a mattifying effect.
Its antibacterial properties combined with its fresh scent make Bergamot Essential Oil a natural deodorizer. It's often found in natural deodorant formulations where it helps to kill bacteria that cause odor, and provides a lasting freshness throughout the day.
Enhanced Aromatherapy Experience
Another substantial benefit of Bergamot Essential Oil is its aromatherapeutic uses. Its unique scent profile has a balancing effect on the emotions, commonly used in essential oil blends designed to relieve stress, anxiety, and depression. Its calming yet uplifting aroma can invigorate the senses while relaxing the mind.
Excellent for Hair Care
Bergamot Essential Oil can work wonders for the scalp and hair as well. Its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties can help to balance oily scalps and combat dandruff. Many shampoos and conditioners incorporate it for these benefits, and also for the uplifting scent it imparts.
Easy to Blend
Last but not least, Bergamot Essential Oil is extremely versatile when it comes to blending with other essential oils. It works well with oils like lavender, geranium, and ylang-ylang, opening up a plethora of formulation possibilities for artisans and commercial manufacturers alike.
The many benefits of Bergamot Essential Oil make it a prized component in a myriad of personal care, soap making, and cosmetic products. Its rich blend of antibacterial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and aromatic properties provides both functional and experiential advantages, making it a holistic ingredient for wellness.
Bergamot Essential Oil the Principal Constitutents
Bergamot essential oil, extracted from the peel of the bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia), is renowned for its captivating aroma and myriad therapeutic properties. A deeper look into its chemical composition reveals a symphony of constituents that lend the oil its unique qualities.
Limonene is a major component of bergamot essential oil, constituting about 30-60% of the oil. It is a monoterpene that provides the distinct citrusy scent. Beyond its aromatic qualities, limonene has been researched for various potential therapeutic properties, including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.
Linalyl Acetate and Linalool
Linalyl acetate and linalool combined can make up around 20-60% of bergamot essential oil. Linalyl acetate is an ester that contributes to the oil's calming and anti-inflammatory properties. Linalool, on the other hand, is an alcohol and has potential antimicrobial and sedative effects.
Bergapten is a furanocoumarin present in bergamot oil, which is responsible for the oil's photosensitizing effects. This means that it can increase the skin's sensitivity to sunlight, leading to potential sunburn or skin discoloration. Some bergamot oils are processed to remove or reduce bergapten content, making them "bergapten-free."
Apart from the major components mentioned, bergamot essential oil also contains smaller amounts of other constituents such as β-Pinene, γ-Terpinene, and Geranial. Each of these compounds plays a part in shaping the overall profile and therapeutic potential of the oil.
Understanding the chemistry behind bergamot essential oil is crucial for both its therapeutic application and safety precautions. By recognizing its principal constituents, users can make informed decisions about how to incorporate bergamot oil into their daily routines and therapeutic practices.
Bergamot Essential Oil and Pets
The use of essential oils, including bergamot, has grown in popularity among pet owners for various purposes ranging from grooming to natural remedies. However, just as with humans, it's vital to be aware of the effects of these oils on animals. When it comes to bergamot essential oil, several considerations need to be kept in mind to ensure the safety and well-being of our furry friends.
Is Bergamot Essential Oil Safe for Pets?
While bergamot essential oil offers a plethora of benefits for humans, it may not always be the best choice for pets. Cats, in particular, are known to be sensitive to certain compounds in essential oils due to their unique liver metabolism. This means they may not be able to process the compounds as efficiently as other animals or humans, leading to potential toxicity. Dogs, though less sensitive than cats, can also be affected if the oil is used improperly.
Potential Risks and Symptoms
Exposure to bergamot essential oil, especially in high concentrations or undiluted form, can lead to symptoms such as drooling, vomiting, lethargy, or even more severe reactions in pets. The presence of limonene, a compound in bergamot and other citrus oils, can be particularly irritating for some animals. It's crucial to be observant and seek veterinary advice if any of these symptoms are noticed after exposure.
Safe Usage Guidelines
If you're considering using bergamot essential oil around your pets, there are some precautions to follow. Always dilute the oil well before any potential exposure. Use diffusers in well-ventilated areas and ensure that your pets have an escape route to leave the room if they find the aroma overwhelming. Additionally, always store essential oils out of reach to prevent accidental ingestion.
When contemplating the topical application, always consult with a veterinarian first. They can provide guidance tailored to your specific pet's needs and sensitivities. Remember that animals have a more acute sense of smell than humans, so what might seem like a pleasant or mild aroma to us can be overpowering for them.
With a careful approach, keeping your pet's unique needs and sensitivities in mind, it's possible to enjoy the benefits of essential oils without compromising their well-being. Nevertheless, always prioritize your pet's safety and health above all else.
Bergamot Essential Oil and Aromatherapy
Bergamot essential oil holds a special place in the world of aromatherapy, appreciated not only for its unique citrusy-floral fragrance but also for the variety of therapeutic benefits it offers. A product of the bergamot orange peel, this essential oil seamlessly blends the uplifting properties of citrus oils with the calming effects of certain floral oils, making it a versatile tool in an aromatherapist's repertoire.
The Uplifting Nature of Bergamot
Many aromatherapists and users of essential oils turn to bergamot when seeking to uplift the spirit. Its bright and cheerful aroma has been noted to help alleviate feelings of sadness or lethargy, providing a natural boost in mood. For those facing moments of anxiety or stress, diffusing bergamot oil or inhaling its scent directly can offer a much-needed sense of relaxation and mental clarity.
Calming and Balancing Effects
While bergamot is undoubtedly revitalizing, it also possesses calming qualities that help balance out its energetic nature. When feeling overwhelmed or restless, bergamot can be a grounding force, bringing about a peaceful state of mind. This dual action makes it particularly valuable in addressing emotional roller-coasters or helping to set a positive tone for the day.
Blending with Other Oils
One of the attributes that sets bergamot apart in aromatherapy is its ability to blend harmoniously with a variety of other essential oils. Whether paired with the deep woodiness of sandalwood, the soothing notes of lavender, or the invigorating touch of eucalyptus, bergamot acts as a bridge, enhancing and complementing the qualities of other oils. This blending prowess means it often finds its way into various therapeutic and fragrant blends tailored to specific emotional or therapeutic needs.
Whether used on its own or in a blend, bergamot essential oil is a testament to the profound connection between scent and emotion. Its capacity to both invigorate and calm underscores the holistic approach of aromatherapy, where mind, body, and spirit are intertwined and addressed in tandem. The continued popularity of bergamot in aromatherapeutic practices speaks volumes about its efficacy and the profound impact it can have on well-being.
Bergamot Essential Oil the History
Bergamot essential oil, prized for its fragrant and uplifting scent, has a history steeped in tradition, trade, and medicinal use. Extracted from the peel of the bergamot orange, this oil has traveled through time, leaving an indelible mark on various cultures and practices.
Origins in Italy
The story of bergamot essential oil is deeply intertwined with the region of Calabria in southern Italy. This area boasts the ideal climate and soil conditions for the cultivation of the bergamot tree (Citrus bergamia). For centuries, the people of Calabria have been harnessing the benefits of this fruit, from its oil to its juicy flesh.
Trade and Perfumery
As trade routes expanded in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, so too did the reputation of bergamot oil. Its refreshing and unique scent quickly made it a sought-after commodity in the burgeoning world of perfumery. One of the most famous early uses of bergamot oil in fragrance was in the creation of Eau de Cologne in the 18th century, a scent that still maintains its popularity today.
Historically, bergamot wasn't just revered for its aromatic qualities; it was also valued for its purported medicinal benefits. Traditional Italian medicine utilized bergamot oil as a fever reducer and an antibiotic. The oil was believed to have properties that aided digestion, soothed skin conditions, and even acted as an antidepressant.
The Spread to Other Cultures
Beyond Italy, bergamot found its way into other traditional practices. For instance, in the folk medicine of certain Mediterranean cultures, bergamot was utilized for its antiseptic properties and its ability to treat ailments ranging from sore throats to parasitic infections.
Today, bergamot essential oil continues to be a favorite in aromatherapy, cosmetics, and perfumery, honoring its rich historical tapestry. As modern research delves deeper into the benefits and applications of bergamot, it's evident that the legacy of this fragrant oil will endure for generations to come.
Bergamot Essential Oil - Additional Safety
Bergamot essential oil, derived from the peel of the bergamot orange, is a favorite in many aromatherapy and cosmetic applications due to its refreshing scent and potential therapeutic properties. However, as with many essential oils, there are some safety considerations to keep in mind when using bergamot essential oil.
One of the most notable safety concerns with bergamot oil is its phototoxicity. Bergamot essential oil naturally contains a compound called bergapten (a furocoumarin), which, when applied to the skin, can lead to heightened sensitivity to ultraviolet (UV) light. If the skin, post-application, is exposed to sunlight or UV light, it can cause an exaggerated sunburn-like reaction known as phytophotodermatitis. This is why it's crucial to avoid sun exposure or UV light for at least 12-24 hours after applying products containing bergamot essential oil.
Skin Irritation and Sensitization
Some individuals may experience skin irritation or allergic reactions when using bergamot oil, especially in its undiluted form. It's always recommended to conduct a patch test before widespread use and to dilute the oil in a carrier oil or base product. If any signs of irritation or an allergic reaction occur, such as redness, itching, or swelling, discontinue use immediately and consult a healthcare professional.
While bergamot oil might be used in certain food and drink products, it's not recommended for direct internal consumption unless under the guidance of a trained professional. Ingesting bergamot oil can lead to potential side effects like nausea, stomach discomfort, or other adverse reactions.
Interactions with Medications
As with many essential oils, bergamot oil can potentially interfere with certain medications. Especially for those taking drugs that increase sun sensitivity, combining these medications with bergamot oil can exacerbate phototoxic reactions. Always consult with a healthcare provider or pharmacist before using bergamot oil, especially if you are on medication.
While bergamot essential oil offers numerous potential benefits, it's vital to be informed about these safety concerns. Using the oil responsibly and being aware of its interactions ensures a safe and enjoyable experience.
Is Bergamot Typically Considered a Feminine Scent?
The realm of fragrances is vast and diverse, with scents often evoking personal memories, emotions, and preferences. When it comes to categorizing scents as masculine or feminine, cultural norms and marketing trends have traditionally played significant roles. But how does bergamot fit into this dichotomy?
Historical Context of Fragrance Classification
In the past, fragrances were often classified into 'masculine' or 'feminine' based on societal norms and perceptions. These classifications were, in many ways, driven by marketing strategies and cultural expectations rather than the intrinsic nature of the scent itself.
The Versatility of Bergamot
Bergamot, with its fresh, citrusy, and slightly floral aroma, has been used in a variety of fragrances, spanning both traditionally masculine and feminine products. Its versatility allows it to be a top note in many perfumes, colognes, and essential oil blends, bringing a refreshing and uplifting quality. While some might associate citrus scents with femininity due to their light and airy nature, many modern men's fragrances also incorporate bergamot for its crisp, clean aroma.
Moving Beyond Gendered Scents
Contemporary perspectives on fragrances are shifting away from rigid gender classifications. The idea that a scent is exclusively masculine or feminine is becoming outdated. Today, personal preference, individual body chemistry, and the emotional connection to a scent are recognized as more important than any gender label. In this light, bergamot, like many essential oils and fragrances, transcends gender boundaries.
Ultimately, whether bergamot or any scent is perceived as masculine, feminine, or unisex is subjective and varies from person to person. Embracing scents that resonate with an individual, regardless of traditional classifications, is a testament to the evolving and inclusive world of aromatherapy and perfumery.
Is Bergamot Essential Oil Good for Sleep?
Bergamot Essential Oil is widely recognized for its calming and soothing properties, which have made it a popular choice for those seeking to improve their sleep quality. It is often used in aromatherapy blends and personal care products designed for relaxation and stress relief.
How Does Bergamot Essential Oil Promote Sleep?
The oil contains compounds such as linalool and linalyl acetate, which are believed to have a sedative effect on the nervous system. These compounds can reduce stress, anxiety, and tension, all of which are factors that can interfere with sleep.
In aromatherapy, Bergamot Essential Oil is often diffused in the bedroom or diluted and applied to pressure points like the wrists or temples before bedtime. The aroma works to calm the mind and prepare the body for rest, making it easier to fall asleep and stay asleep.
Incorporation in Personal Care Products
Many sleep-inducing personal care items like lotions, bath oils, and pillow sprays also contain Bergamot Essential Oil for its relaxation benefits. Users often find that incorporating such products into their bedtime routine helps to create a peaceful environment conducive to sleep.
While Bergamot Essential Oil has shown promise in aiding sleep, it's essential to note that individual experiences may vary. It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional if you have persistent sleep issues.
The Artisan's Choice for Soap and Cosmetic Ingredients
In the expansive world of online retail, there exists a unique niche for hobbyists and professionals alike: soap and cosmetic making. One standout in this niche is our store, SoapGoods.com.
SoapGoods is an online-only retailer that has carved out a space in the market by catering to the specific needs of those passionate about handcrafted soap, skincare, and cosmetics. Offering an array of high-quality ingredients and supplies, SoapGoods aims to be a one-stop-shop for everything needed to create personal care items, from the basic to the most intricate.
The product range at SoapGoods is vast and encompasses a wide variety of categories. Here are some of the main ones:
- Oils and Butters: Fundamental to soap-making, oils and butters like olive oil pomace, coconut oil 76, shea butter refined, and cocoa butter natural provide the base for many formulations. Each oil or butter possesses unique properties, be it moisturizing capabilities, lathering quality, or hardness.
- Essential Oils and Fragrance Oils: To give handmade soaps and cosmetics their distinctive scents, SoapGoods offers a diverse selection of essential oils derived from natural plants and fragrance oils which are more complex, synthetic scents.
- Additives: From natural clays and botanicals to exfoliating agents like pumice and walnut shell, these additives help enhance the texture, appearance, and benefits of the final product.
- Colorants: SoapGoods provides a range of pigments, dyes, and micas, allowing crafters to achieve the perfect hue for their creations.
- Molds and Equipment: Beyond ingredients, SoapGoods stocks a variety of tools and equipment. Silicone molds, thermometers, pH testers, and more ensure that hobbyists and professionals can craft their products with precision.
- Packaging Supplies: For those looking to sell or gift their creations, the store offers an assortment of packaging materials, including bottles, jars and shrink wraps.
Quality and Sourcing
One of the standout features of SoapGoods is its commitment to quality. Many products are sourced to ensure they are non-GMO, and from reputable sources. After 20 years in the industry, we have been able to find the highest quality sources at fair prices. This dedication to quality resonates with a clientele that values natural and ethical ingredients.
Shopping on SoapGoods.com is a seamless experience. The site is intuitively designed, making product searches straightforward. Clear product descriptions, accompanied by high-resolution images, make it easier for shoppers to discern the right products for their needs. Moreover, the site often features customer reviews, which offer insights and real-world experiences with the products.
Shipping and Customer Service
With efficient shipping options and the fastest shipping in the industry, SoapGoods ensures that customers receive their orders in a timely manner. Their commitment to customer satisfaction is also evident in their attentive customer service, ready to address any queries or concerns.
FedEx Delivery Map
USPS Delivery Map
Typical Delivery Times to Major US Cities
|Total Business Days +1 / -1
|Alabama (AL) - Montgomery, Birmingham
|Alaska (AK) - Juneau, Anchorage
|Arizona (AZ) - Phoenix, Tucson
|Arkansas (AR) - Little Rock, Fayetteville
|California (CA) - Sacramento, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Sacramento, San Jose
|Colorado (CO) - Denver, Colorado Springs
|Connecticut (CT) - Hartford, New Haven
|Delaware (DE) - Dover, Wilmington, Newark
|Florida (FL) - Tallahassee, Orlando, Miami, Jacksonville, Tampa, Destin
|Georgia (GA) - Atlanta, Savannah, Augusta, Athens
|Hawaii (HI) - Honolulu, Kailua
|Idaho (ID) - Boise, Coeur d'Alene
|Illinois (IL) - Springfield, Chicago, Peoria, Rockford
|Indiana (IN) - Indianapolis, Fort Wayne
|Iowa (IA) - Des Moines, Cedar Rapids
|Kansas (KS) - Topeka, Wichita, Kansas City
|Kentucky (KY) - Frankfort, Louisville, Lexington
|Louisiana (LA) - Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Lafayette
|Maine (ME) - Augusta, Portland, Bangor
|Maryland (MD) - Annapolis, Baltimore
|Massachusetts (MA) - Boston, Cambridge, Worcester
|Michigan (MI) - Lansing, Detroit, Grand Rapids
|Minnesota (MN) - St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth
|Mississippi (MS) - Jackson, Biloxi, Hattiesburg
|Missouri (MO) - Jefferson City, St Louis, Kansas City
|Montana (MT) - Helena, Billings
|Nebraska (NE) - Lincoln, Omaha
|Nevada (NV) - Carson City, Las Vegas, Reno
|New Hampshire (NH) - Concord, Manchester, Portsmouth
|New Jersey (NJ) - Trenton, Newark, Jersey City
|New Mexico (NM) - Santa Fe, Alburquerque
|New York (NY) - Albany, New York, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany, Syracuse, Niagara Falls, Ithaca
|North Carolina (NC) - Raleigh, Charlotte
|North Dakota (ND) - Bismarck, Fargo
|Ohio (OH) - Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati
|Oklahoma (OK) - Oklahoma City, Fairview,
|Oregon (OR) - Salem, Portland, Eugene
|Pennsylvania (PA) - Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh
|Rhode Island (RI) - Providence, Newport
|South Carolina (SC) - Columbia, Charleston
|South Dakota (SD) - Pierre, Sioux Falls, Rapid City
|Tennessee (TN) - Nashville, Memphis
|Texas (TX) - Austin, Houston, Dallas
|Utah (UT) - Salt Lake City, St. George
|Vermont (VT) - Montpelier, Burlington
|Virginia (VA) - Richmond, Virginia Beach
|Washington (WA) - Olympia, Seattle, Vancouver, Spokane
|West Virginia (WV) - Charleston, Morgantown
|Wisconsin (WI) - Madison, Milwaukee
|Wyoming (WY) - Cheyenne, Jackson
Disclaimer: All product descriptions and specifications provided in this description are intended as a guide only and are subject to change without notice. While we strive for accuracy, discrepancies or errors may be present. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.