About Camphor Essential Oil
- Synonyms: White Camphor Oil, Cinnamomum Camphora Oil, Camphor Wood Oil, Laurus Camphora Oil, Camphor Laurel Oil
- Botanical Name: Cinnamomum camphora
- Origin: China
- Plant Part: Wood of tree
- Plant Description: The camphor tree can grow up to 35 meters (100 feet) and camphor is found in every part of the tree. Camphor Essential Oil is extracted by steam from the chipped wood, root stumps and branches. It is then rectified under vacuum and filter-pressed. White camphor oil is the first distillation fraction.
- Extraction Method: Steam Distilled
- Aromatic Fragrance: Camphor Essential Oil has a strong, penetrating, fragrant odor.
- Aromatic Strength: Strong
- Note: Top
- Blends Well with: Basil, Cajeput, Chamomile, Lavender, Melissa Leaf, and Rosemary.
- Consistency: Thin
- Natural: This essential oil is from a natural source
- Color: Colorless to pale yellow clear liquid.
- Packaging: The 1/2 Oz, 2 Oz and 4 Oz each come in a single amber bottle. The 1 Lb size is in a steel canister, 10 Lb is either a single steel can or several steel canisters
Usage / Benefits
- Industries: Cosmetics and Personal Care, Aromatherapy, Home Cleaning, Fragrance, Massage and Spa, Pain Relief Products, Insect Repellent, Herbal Medicine
- Applications: Topical pain relief, Skin care products, Inhalation for respiratory relief, Muscle balms, Aromatic diffusers, Massage oils, Lip balms, Insect repellents, Home cleaning agents, Vapor rubs, Aromatic candles, Bath additives, Fragrance formulations, Room sprays, Foot soaks
- Benefits: Analgesic properties, Anti-inflammatory, Eases respiratory congestion, Improves circulation, Reduces muscle soreness, Antispasmodic, Antimicrobial, Insect repellent, Soothes skin irritations, Relieves coughs, Enhances alertness, Antifungal, Antioxidant properties, Stress relief through aromatherapy, Calms skin redness and swelling.
- Products Uses: Pain relief balms, Muscle rubs, Chest rubs for congestion, Inhalers for respiratory relief, Massage oils for circulation, Skin ointments for irritations, Aromatherapy diffusers, Insect repellents, Anti-fungal creams, Lotions for cooling effect, Hair care products for scalp health, Perfumery, Bath oils for relaxation, Air fresheners, Soap making, Cosmetic products for cooling sensation.
- Storage: Cool, dark dry area, air tight container preferred
- Safety: Generally safe, however keep out of eyes and do not eat.
- Cautions: Not for ingestion, keep away from pets and children who may attempt to eat.
- External Use Only: Even if food grade, we do not provide items for ingestion, all of our items are for external use only.
Camphor Essential Oil
Camphor essential oil is a potent and aromatic oil extracted from the camphor tree, specifically from its wood, root stumps, and branches. Native to Asia, particularly countries like Japan and Taiwan, the camphor tree has been cultivated in various other parts of the world as well. Its strong aroma is easily recognizable and has been a mainstay in traditional practices for centuries. Though it is commonly associated with medicinal and culinary uses, camphor oil has a diverse array of applications in personal care, cosmetic making, and soap production.
Generally, camphor essential oil is obtained through steam distillation. The wood, root stumps, and branches are cut into small pieces and then subjected to high-pressure steam. The volatile compounds are then condensed and collected in a separate container, resulting in a clear oil with a strong, penetrating aroma.
Color and Aroma
The oil is colorless to pale yellow and features a characteristic, robust scent that is both cooling and warming. This unique duality of temperature sensation adds to its allure in cosmetic and personal care products.
Applications in Personal Care
Camphor essential oil finds numerous applications in personal care items. It is often included in skin creams, ointments, and balms, as it offers a cooling sensation upon application. It's also used in facial toners and cleansers due to its astringent properties. Additionally, the oil can be used in hair care products such as shampoos and conditioners, where it is valued for its invigorating scent and potential benefits to the scalp.
Lotions and Creams
When added to lotions or creams, camphor essential oil provides a cooling effect, which is particularly soothing for tired or overworked muscles. This property makes it a popular choice for after-sun lotions and creams designed for use after physical activity.
Applications in Soap Making
In soap making, camphor essential oil is prized for its strong scent as well as its potential skin benefits. When used in cold-process or hot-process soap making methods, the oil retains its aromatic qualities, creating a sensory experience for the user. The oil also imparts a slight cooling sensation to the skin, making it particularly refreshing in summer soaps or shower gels.
Candles and Scent Diffusers
The potent aroma of camphor essential oil makes it an excellent choice for creating scented candles and aroma diffusers. Its fragrance has an uplifting quality that many find invigorating and refreshing, which adds another dimension to its use in personal care products.
Applications in Cosmetic Making
Camphor essential oil is often used in cosmetics for its astringent properties. It can be found in makeup removers, facial toners, and a variety of anti-aging products. Its cooling sensation is also appreciated in lip balms, especially those designed for chapped or dry lips.
While camphor essential oil has various beneficial properties, it's important to handle it with care. Dilution is generally recommended, as the oil is potent and may cause irritation or adverse reactions in some individuals. Skin patch tests are advisable before widespread use. Pregnant or nursing women, as well as individuals with certain health conditions, should consult with a healthcare provider before using products containing camphor essential oil.
The many applications of camphor essential oil make it a versatile ingredient in a range of products, from personal care items to handmade soaps and cosmetics. Its signature scent and cooling properties offer a unique combination of sensory experiences, making it a popular choice for both manufacturers and consumers alike.
Camphor Essential Oil its Uses
Camphor essential oil holds a prominent place in personal care products, thanks to its refreshing and invigorating aroma. One of the most notable uses is in skin creams and ointments. The oil imparts a cooling sensation upon application, making it especially beneficial for tired or overworked muscles. Due to its astringent properties, it is also commonly included in facial toners and cleansers.
Camphor oil can be a valuable ingredient in various skincare items, including moisturizers, lotions, and anti-aging creams. The oil's astringent qualities make it helpful in toning and tightening the skin, making it appear firmer and more youthful. In addition, camphor's cooling sensation can soothe irritated skin, making it an attractive component in aftershave lotions and creams used for sunburn relief.
Camphor essential oil is also used in hair care formulations like shampoos and conditioners. Its invigorating scent stimulates the scalp, and some believe it may also promote healthier hair. Some anti-dandruff shampoos incorporate camphor oil as an active ingredient to provide both symptomatic relief and a pleasurable scent.
What Role Does Camphor Essential Oil Play in Soap Making?
Soap makers often incorporate camphor essential oil due to its distinctive aroma and potential skin benefits. The strong, penetrating scent of camphor makes it an ideal choice for soaps intended to provide a sensory experience. In cold-process or hot-process soap making, camphor oil retains its fragrance, effectively scenting the final product. Its cooling effect is also a welcome addition to shower gels and summer soaps.
Essence in Candles and Diffusers
Camphor's potent fragrance is not just confined to soaps and personal care products; it also finds use in home fragrances like scented candles and aroma diffusers. Its uplifting and invigorating aroma can enhance the atmosphere of any space, making it popular for use in meditation rooms, bathrooms, and other areas where a refreshing scent is desired.
How is Camphor Essential Oil Utilized in Cosmetic Making?
In the realm of cosmetics, camphor essential oil is equally versatile. It often features in makeup removers, where its astringent properties help cleanse the skin thoroughly. Additionally, camphor oil is frequently used in facial toners for its skin-tightening effects. It is also a popular ingredient in lip balms, particularly those designed to treat chapped or dry lips.
Massage Oils and Balms
Camphor essential oil is often blended with other oils to create massage oils and balms. The oil's cooling sensation can provide relief to sore muscles, making it a popular choice for sports massage oils and balms meant for relaxation. The aroma adds another layer of sensory enjoyment to the massage experience.
Overall, camphor essential oil's diverse range of applications makes it a sought-after ingredient across various product categories. Its unique combination of a strong, pleasing aroma and cooling sensation offers benefits both for the skin and the senses, making it a staple in many personal care, soap making, and cosmetic formulations.
Camphor Essential Oil its Benefits
What Are the Main Benefits of Camphor Essential Oil for Personal Care?
Camphor essential oil is a multifaceted gem in the world of personal care. Known for its potent aroma and unique set of properties, it brings numerous benefits to skincare, haircare, and even mental well-being.
Skin Soothing Properties
The cooling sensation camphor oil provides upon topical application is one of its most notable benefits. This soothing effect can be particularly beneficial in calming down irritated or inflamed skin. When used in appropriate concentrations, it may also offer temporary relief from minor topical aches and pains.
Camphor oil's astringent attributes are valuable in skincare, especially in products aimed at toning and firming the skin. These qualities make it a helpful component in facial toners and tightening serums, aiding in reducing the appearance of pores and giving the skin a firmer, more youthful appearance.
How Does Camphor Essential Oil Benefit Hair?
The revitalizing scent and tingling sensation of camphor essential oil can stimulate the scalp, which is why it's often found in shampoos and conditioners. While there isn't substantial scientific evidence to confirm its efficacy in promoting hair growth, many users find its invigorating properties beneficial in hair care routines.
Its use in anti-dandruff shampoos is noteworthy. The oil's potential antifungal properties could be useful in managing dandruff, though this benefit is often enhanced when the oil is combined with other active ingredients.
What Are the Psychological Benefits of Camphor Essential Oil?
One of the less tangible but widely appreciated benefits of camphor essential oil is its potential to enhance mental clarity and reduce stress. The strong, penetrating aroma can uplift the spirits and clear the mind, making it popular for use in aromatherapy.
When diffused in a room, the scent of camphor oil can contribute to a more refreshing and uplifting atmosphere. This makes it beneficial for those looking to boost their mood or create a serene space for relaxation or meditation.
Are There Other Miscellaneous Benefits?
Its robust scent profile makes camphor essential oil effective in neutralizing odors in a room. When used in room sprays or diffusers, it can help to refresh stale or musty air.
Ingredient in Perfumery
Camphor's scent profile has also made it a component in some natural perfumes, where it contributes to a multi-layered olfactory experience.
From skincare to air care, camphor essential oil is an asset in various formulations, promising a range of benefits that go well beyond its distinctive scent. Whether it's for the skin, hair, or overall well-being, camphor's unique properties make it a versatile and valuable ingredient in personal care and cosmetic products.
Camphor Essential Oil the Principal Constitutents
Camphor essential oil, derived primarily from the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), boasts a unique chemical profile. This oil, well-known for its strong aroma and cooling sensation, consists of a range of chemical constituents that provide its characteristic properties.
What is Camphor?
The primary and most significant constituent of camphor essential oil is camphor itself. Camphor is a white, crystalline substance with a strong odor. It accounts for a significant portion of the oil, and it's responsible for many of the oil's therapeutic properties. Chemically, camphor is classified as a terpenoid and has a formula of C10H16O.
Other Key Constituents
Beyond camphor, the essential oil contains several other chemical constituents:
- 1,8-cineole: Also known as eucalyptol, 1,8-cineole has a fresh and camphoraceous odor. It contributes to the oil's expectorant properties.
- Alpha-pinene: A terpene commonly found in coniferous trees, alpha-pinene adds to the oil's anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator effects.
- Beta-pinene: Another terpene that provides a fresh, pine-like scent and has anti-inflammatory properties.
- Limonene: Often found in citrus oils, limonene has a sweet citrus aroma and provides antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits.
- Safrole: Present in small amounts, safrole contributes to the sweet aroma of the oil. However, it's worth noting that safrole has been associated with health concerns and its concentration is monitored in essential oils.
Importance of Constituents
Each constituent of camphor essential oil contributes to its overall therapeutic profile, aroma, and flavor. While camphor dominates, the synergy of all these compounds gives the oil its unique properties and uses in aromatherapy and traditional medicine. However, due to its strong and active chemical profile, it's essential to use camphor oil with caution and be aware of its safety guidelines.
When selecting camphor essential oil, it's also important to ensure its purity and quality. High-quality oils should provide details about their chemical constituents, often through a Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) report, ensuring that you are receiving a genuine, unadulterated product.
Camphor Essential Oil and Pets
Camphor essential oil, renowned for its distinct aroma and therapeutic properties in humans, can have a drastically different impact when it comes to pets. It's imperative for pet owners to be aware of the effects and potential risks associated with camphor oil and their furry friends.
Is Camphor Oil Toxic to Pets?
Yes, camphor oil is toxic to pets. When ingested, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin, camphor can be dangerous for animals. Cats and dogs, in particular, are highly sensitive to camphor and even small amounts can lead to poisoning. The signs of camphor poisoning in pets can manifest rapidly, often within minutes to hours of exposure.
What are the Symptoms of Camphor Poisoning in Pets?
The symptoms of camphor poisoning in pets include drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, tremors, seizures, confusion, respiratory distress, and in severe cases, death. If a pet owner suspects that their animal has been exposed to camphor oil or any product containing camphor, they should seek veterinary attention immediately.
Topical Application Concerns
While some pet owners might be tempted to use camphor oil for its anti-inflammatory or insect-repellent properties, it's crucial to refrain from such practices. Even if not ingested, topical application can lead to skin irritations, and pets might lick the area, leading to ingestion of the oil.
To prevent unintentional exposure, store camphor essential oil and products containing camphor out of pets' reach. Ensure that rooms are well-ventilated if camphor is being diffused and keep pets out of the area. If using camphor-based products on oneself, avoid close contact with pets until the product has been fully absorbed or washed off.
It's always best to be cautious and prioritize the safety of pets. When considering any essential oil or natural remedy, always consult with a veterinarian to determine its safety and appropriateness for your specific pet.
Camphor Essential Oil and Aromatherapy
Camphor essential oil, recognized for its strong, penetrating aroma, holds a significant position in the world of aromatherapy. Aromatherapy, which is the therapeutic use of essential oils for enhancing physical and emotional well-being, employs camphor oil in various applications to tap into its unique properties.
What Makes Camphor Oil Unique in Aromatherapy?
The scent of camphor oil is unmistakable: it's clear, sharp, and invigorating. Its aroma has a cooling effect, and when inhaled, it can immediately open up the respiratory passages. This makes it especially valuable for those seeking relief from congestion or respiratory discomfort.
Benefits for the Mind
From a psychological standpoint, the scent of camphor oil can be stimulating and can help to revive a tired or fatigued mind. Its refreshing aroma can be utilized to counter feelings of sluggishness or lethargy, providing a quick energy boost. Moreover, the oil has been traditionally used to clear the mind, helping to improve focus and concentration.
Relief for the Body
Physically, camphor oil in aromatherapy is often employed for its analgesic properties. When used in massages, it can help alleviate muscular aches, joint pain, and inflammation. Its cooling sensation provides a soothing effect on sore muscles, making it a popular choice for post-workout relaxation.
Using Camphor Oil in Aromatherapy
For aromatherapeutic applications, camphor essential oil can be used in diffusers, inhalers, or diluted with a carrier oil for topical applications. However, given its potent aroma, it's recommended to use it sparingly and in combination with other balancing oils.
While camphor oil's invigorating and therapeutic properties make it a valuable addition to the aromatherapist's toolkit, it's essential to ensure its proper usage. As with all essential oils, it's vital to use camphor oil responsibly, being aware of its contraindications and ensuring it's adequately diluted when applied topically.
Camphor Essential Oil the History
Camphor essential oil, with its distinct and penetrating aroma, has a rich history that spans centuries and cultures. Extracted from the wood of the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), this essential oil has been both revered and utilized for its myriad of properties and uses.
Origins in Ancient Asia
The story of camphor originates in ancient Asia, particularly in regions that today encompass China, Japan, and Taiwan. These areas had an abundance of camphor trees, making them the epicenters of early camphor extraction. Ancient Chinese civilizations used camphor in medicinal preparations and as an ingredient in incense due to its aromatic properties.
Camphor in Ayurveda
Moving to the Indian subcontinent, camphor found its place in the ancient healing tradition of Ayurveda. In this context, it was valued for its cooling properties and its ability to balance the 'doshas' or energies within the body. It was commonly incorporated into balms and ointments to relieve a variety of ailments.
Trade and Global Spread
Camphor's desirability led to it becoming a coveted trade commodity. By the medieval era, the Arab traders had introduced camphor to the Middle East and North Africa. From there, it made its way to Europe, where it was used for medicinal purposes and as a fragrant ingredient in religious ceremonies.
Modern Uses and Production
In more recent times, the production of synthetic camphor has overshadowed the traditional extraction methods. Today, camphor is found in various products, from cosmetics to medicinal balms. Despite the evolution in its production and application, the essence of camphor — its unique aroma and properties — remains unchanged.
From ancient Asian forests to modern-day products, camphor essential oil's journey through time is a testament to its enduring appeal and versatility. Its historical trajectory offers a fascinating glimpse into how natural resources can weave into the fabric of human civilizations, shaping rituals, trade, and wellness practices.
Camphor Essential Oil - Additional Safety
Camphor essential oil is derived from the wood of the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora). Known for its strong and penetrating aroma, this essential oil has been used for centuries in traditional medicine and various applications. However, like many essential oils, camphor oil also comes with safety concerns that users should be aware of.
Can Camphor Oil be Toxic?
Yes, camphor oil can be toxic when ingested in large amounts or when used improperly. Symptoms of camphor poisoning can include nausea, vomiting, extreme thirst, and burning of the throat. In severe cases, it can lead to delirium, seizures, and respiratory failure. It is imperative to keep camphor essential oil out of the reach of children, as even small amounts ingested can be dangerous to them.
Topical Application Precautions
Camphor oil can be irritating to the skin, especially when used undiluted. It is always recommended to conduct a patch test before using camphor oil extensively on the skin. Those with sensitive skin or known allergies should use it with caution. It's also wise to always dilute camphor oil with a carrier oil before topical application to minimize the risk of irritation.
When used in aromatherapy or inhalation practices, camphor oil should be used in moderation. Overexposure can lead to dizziness, nausea, and headaches. Those with asthma or respiratory issues should be particularly cautious when inhaling camphor oil, as it can exacerbate symptoms.
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Due to the lack of research on the effects of camphor essential oil during pregnancy and breastfeeding, it's best to avoid its use during these times or consult with a healthcare professional before use.
Camphor oil may interact with certain medications, particularly those that affect the liver. As the liver metabolizes camphor, using it alongside other medications can affect how the drugs work or increase the risk of side effects. It's crucial to discuss with a healthcare professional if you're on medication and wish to use camphor oil.
Being informed and cautious can help ensure the safe use of camphor essential oil. Always store it safely, use as directed, and consult with professionals when in doubt.
What is the Difference Between Camphor and Eucalyptus Oil in Personal Care?
Camphor and Eucalyptus oils are both highly versatile essential oils commonly used in various personal care and cosmetic products. Despite some similarities, such as their strong scent profiles and soothing properties, they differ in several key aspects.
What Are the Origin and Extraction Methods?
Camphor oil is extracted from the wood of the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), predominantly found in parts of Asia. Eucalyptus oil, on the other hand, is derived from the leaves of the eucalyptus tree, which is native to Australia and also grown in other parts of the world. While camphor is often extracted through steam distillation of the wood, eucalyptus oil is usually obtained from the leaves via steam distillation or cold pressing.
How Do Their Aroma Profiles Differ?
Camphor has a penetrating, medicinal scent that is somewhat woody and spicy. Eucalyptus oil is recognized for its clean, crisp aroma with a hint of mint and honey. While both are strong and can be overpowering in large amounts, they serve different olfactory functions in perfumery and aromatherapy.
What Are the Skincare Benefits?
Camphor oil is often hailed for its cooling and soothing effects on the skin, making it a popular choice in balms and lotions for minor topical aches. Eucalyptus oil is widely used for its antiseptic qualities and can be found in skin cleansers and antiseptic creams. However, eucalyptus is often recommended for oily and acne-prone skin, whereas camphor is more commonly used to soothe irritation and redness.
What About Their Use in Haircare?
In haircare, camphor oil is often used for its invigorating properties, which can stimulate the scalp and control dandruff. Eucalyptus oil can also help with dandruff and has the added benefit of promoting overall scalp health due to its antiseptic properties.
Do They Have Unique Psychological Benefits?
Both oils are used in aromatherapy but for different outcomes. Camphor is often employed for its ability to clear the mind and relieve stress. Eucalyptus is usually used for its uplifting and refreshing properties, which can help to relieve mental exhaustion and promote mental clarity.
While camphor and eucalyptus oils share some similarities, they each bring a unique set of benefits and uses to the table. Whether it’s for skincare, haircare, or aromatherapy, knowing the differences between the two can help you choose the right oil for your specific needs.
The Artisan's Choice for Soap and Cosmetic Ingredients
In the expansive world of online retail, there exists a unique niche for hobbyists and professionals alike: soap and cosmetic making. One standout in this niche is our store, SoapGoods.com.
SoapGoods is an online-only retailer that has carved out a space in the market by catering to the specific needs of those passionate about handcrafted soap, skincare, and cosmetics. Offering an array of high-quality ingredients and supplies, SoapGoods aims to be a one-stop-shop for everything needed to create personal care items, from the basic to the most intricate.
The product range at SoapGoods is vast and encompasses a wide variety of categories. Here are some of the main ones:
- Oils and Butters: Fundamental to soap-making, oils and butters like olive oil pomace, coconut oil 76, shea butter refined, and cocoa butter natural provide the base for many formulations. Each oil or butter possesses unique properties, be it moisturizing capabilities, lathering quality, or hardness.
- Essential Oils and Fragrance Oils: To give handmade soaps and cosmetics their distinctive scents, SoapGoods offers a diverse selection of essential oils derived from natural plants and fragrance oils which are more complex, synthetic scents.
- Additives: From natural clays and botanicals to exfoliating agents like pumice and walnut shell, these additives help enhance the texture, appearance, and benefits of the final product.
- Colorants: SoapGoods provides a range of pigments, dyes, and micas, allowing crafters to achieve the perfect hue for their creations.
- Molds and Equipment: Beyond ingredients, SoapGoods stocks a variety of tools and equipment. Silicone molds, thermometers, pH testers, and more ensure that hobbyists and professionals can craft their products with precision.
- Packaging Supplies: For those looking to sell or gift their creations, the store offers an assortment of packaging materials, including bottles, jars and shrink wraps.
Quality and Sourcing
One of the standout features of SoapGoods is its commitment to quality. Many products are sourced to ensure they are non-GMO, and from reputable sources. After 20 years in the industry, we have been able to find the highest quality sources at fair prices. This dedication to quality resonates with a clientele that values natural and ethical ingredients.
Shopping on SoapGoods.com is a seamless experience. The site is intuitively designed, making product searches straightforward. Clear product descriptions, accompanied by high-resolution images, make it easier for shoppers to discern the right products for their needs. Moreover, the site often features customer reviews, which offer insights and real-world experiences with the products.
Shipping and Customer Service
With efficient shipping options and the fastest shipping in the industry, SoapGoods ensures that customers receive their orders in a timely manner. Their commitment to customer satisfaction is also evident in their attentive customer service, ready to address any queries or concerns.
FedEx Delivery Map
USPS Delivery Map
Typical Delivery Times to Major US Cities
|Major Cities||Total Business Days +1 / -1|
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|Alaska (AK) - Juneau, Anchorage||7|
|Arizona (AZ) - Phoenix, Tucson||4|
|Arkansas (AR) - Little Rock, Fayetteville||2|
|California (CA) - Sacramento, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Sacramento, San Jose||4|
|Colorado (CO) - Denver, Colorado Springs||3|
|Connecticut (CT) - Hartford, New Haven||2|
|Delaware (DE) - Dover, Wilmington, Newark||2|
|Florida (FL) - Tallahassee, Orlando, Miami, Jacksonville, Tampa, Destin||2|
|Georgia (GA) - Atlanta, Savannah, Augusta, Athens||1|
|Hawaii (HI) - Honolulu, Kailua||7|
|Idaho (ID) - Boise, Coeur d'Alene||4|
|Illinois (IL) - Springfield, Chicago, Peoria, Rockford||2|
|Indiana (IN) - Indianapolis, Fort Wayne||2|
|Iowa (IA) - Des Moines, Cedar Rapids||2|
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|Kentucky (KY) - Frankfort, Louisville, Lexington||2|
|Louisiana (LA) - Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Lafayette||2|
|Maine (ME) - Augusta, Portland, Bangor||3|
|Maryland (MD) - Annapolis, Baltimore||2|
|Massachusetts (MA) - Boston, Cambridge, Worcester||2|
|Michigan (MI) - Lansing, Detroit, Grand Rapids||2|
|Minnesota (MN) - St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth||3|
|Mississippi (MS) - Jackson, Biloxi, Hattiesburg||1|
|Missouri (MO) - Jefferson City, St Louis, Kansas City||2|
|Montana (MT) - Helena, Billings||4|
|Nebraska (NE) - Lincoln, Omaha||2|
|Nevada (NV) - Carson City, Las Vegas, Reno||4|
|New Hampshire (NH) - Concord, Manchester, Portsmouth||2|
|New Jersey (NJ) - Trenton, Newark, Jersey City||2|
|New Mexico (NM) - Santa Fe, Alburquerque||3|
|New York (NY) - Albany, New York, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany, Syracuse, Niagara Falls, Ithaca||3|
|North Carolina (NC) - Raleigh, Charlotte||2|
|North Dakota (ND) - Bismarck, Fargo||3|
|Ohio (OH) - Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati||2|
|Oklahoma (OK) - Oklahoma City, Fairview,||2|
|Oregon (OR) - Salem, Portland, Eugene||5|
|Pennsylvania (PA) - Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh||2|
|Rhode Island (RI) - Providence, Newport||2|
|South Carolina (SC) - Columbia, Charleston||1|
|South Dakota (SD) - Pierre, Sioux Falls, Rapid City||3|
|Tennessee (TN) - Nashville, Memphis||2|
|Texas (TX) - Austin, Houston, Dallas||3|
|Utah (UT) - Salt Lake City, St. George||3|
|Vermont (VT) - Montpelier, Burlington||3|
|Virginia (VA) - Richmond, Virginia Beach||2|
|Washington (WA) - Olympia, Seattle, Vancouver, Spokane||5|
|West Virginia (WV) - Charleston, Morgantown||2|
|Wisconsin (WI) - Madison, Milwaukee||2|
|Wyoming (WY) - Cheyenne, Jackson||4|
Disclaimer: All product descriptions and specifications provided in this description are intended as a guide only and are subject to change without notice. While we strive for accuracy, discrepancies or errors may be present. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
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