About Celery Seed Essential Oil
- Synonyms: Apium graveolens seed oil, Celery oil, Oil of celery seed, Celery seed extract, Celery seed oleum, Celery essential oil, Wild celery seed oil
- Botanical Name: Apium graveolens
- Origin: India
- Plant Part: Seeds
- Plant Description: Celery is a biennial plant, 12-24 inches high, with a grooved, fleshy, erect stalk and skinny pennant leaves. The plant grows with a smooth stem and soft leaves sporting white flowers
- Extraction Method: Steam Distilled
- Aromatic Fragrance: Celeryseed Essential Oil has a fresh, spicy and warm scent.
- Aromatic Strength: Medium
- Note: Middle
- Blends Well with: Lavender, Pine, Opopanax, Lovage, Tea Tree Cinnamon and Clove.
- Consistency: Thin
- Natural: This essential oil is from a natural source
- Color: Yellowish brown liquid.
- Packaging: The 1/2 Oz, 2 Oz and 4 Oz each come in a single amber bottle. The 1 Lb size is in a steel canister, 10 Lb is either a single steel can or several steel canisters
Usage / Benefits
- Industries: Aromatherapy, pharmaceuticals, skincare and cosmetics, perfumery, holistic medicine, spa and wellness, food and beverage flavoring, herbal remedies, massage therapy.
- Applications: Aromatherapy, massage oil blends, skincare formulations, soap making, bath products, lotions, perfumery, hair care products, stress relief products, relaxation aids, room diffusers, cosmetic applications, incense making, air fresheners, candle making, cleaning products, potpourri, spa treatments
- Benefits: Anti-inflammatory properties, diuretic effects, potential stress relief, supports digestion, antioxidant properties, may promote calmness, potential antimicrobial activity, aids in detoxification, skin health improvement, may enhance mental clarity.
- Products Uses: Skincare creams, massage oils, bath oils, diffuser blends, aromatherapy roll-ons, natural deodorants, shampoos, conditioners, soaps, body washes, lotions, perfumes, air fresheners, room sprays, linen sprays, potpourri, candles, incense, spa products, relaxation aids, cleaning products, hair serums, beard oils, lip balms
- Storage: Cool, dark dry area, air tight container preferred
- Safety: Generally safe, however keep out of eyes and do not eat.
- Cautions: Not for ingestion, keep away from pets and children who may attempt to eat.
- External Use Only: Even if food grade, we do not provide items for ingestion, all of our items are for external use only.
About Celery Seed Essential Oil
Origin and Extraction
Celery Seed Essential Oil is obtained from the seeds of the celery plant, scientifically known as Apium graveolens. The extraction process usually involves steam distillation, which results in a pale yellow to amber liquid. It has a warm, earthy, and spicy aroma, which is distinct but not overpowering.
The aroma of Celery Seed Essential Oil is unique, combining earthy undertones with a slightly peppery, musky scent. Its texture is usually thin, and it blends well with oils like lavender, tea tree, and various citrus oils, providing an excellent opportunity for creating unique fragrance combinations in personal care products.
Use in Personal Care Products
Celery Seed Essential Oil is often incorporated into a range of skincare and personal care items. Thanks to its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, it's used in various formulations aimed at reducing skin redness, irritation, and acne. In addition to that, it's also found in deodorants due to its odor-neutralizing abilities.
In the realm of skincare, Celery Seed Essential Oil has gained popularity for its potential to offer a variety of benefits. It is often included in facial cleansers, masks, and toners due to its purported ability to detoxify the skin and tighten pores. Some also claim that it has anti-aging effects, though these are less substantiated by scientific evidence.
Hair Care Applications
This essential oil can also be found in a range of hair care products. It is thought to strengthen the hair shaft and nourish the scalp. Its antimicrobial properties make it a candidate for inclusion in shampoos and conditioners aimed at combating dandruff or an oily scalp.
Fragrances and Perfumes
Celery Seed Essential Oil has a complex scent profile that adds depth and complexity to perfumes and colognes. It is often used in small quantities to give a warm, earthy undertone to a fragrance blend. Its unique aroma can be used to create exotic and intriguing scents when combined with floral or spicy oils.
For soap making, Celery Seed Essential Oil offers a unique and captivating scent, along with potential skin benefits. Whether you are crafting melt-and-pour soaps or delving into cold process methods, this oil can add a rich, earthy aroma to your final product. However, it is crucial to remember that the oil is potent, so a little goes a long way.
In cosmetics, Celery Seed Essential Oil is sometimes used in the formulation of lip balms, creams, and lotions. Its antibacterial properties make it a valuable addition to products designed for acne-prone skin. Its potential to tighten skin and minimize pores also makes it a candidate for inclusion in makeup products like primers.
Spa and Wellness
For those interested in the wellness and spa industry, Celery Seed Essential Oil can add a unique touch to your services. Whether incorporated into a massage oil blend, used in a facial steam, or added to a foot soak, this essential oil provides both aromatic and potential skin benefits.
The warming effect of Celery Seed Essential Oil makes it a suitable choice for massage oil blends. When diluted with a carrier oil, it can offer a soothing and relaxing experience, potentially helping to relieve muscle tension and aches.
DIY Beauty Products
For DIY enthusiasts, this essential oil is a versatile ingredient that can be incorporated into homemade lotions, balms, and scrubs. With its distinct aroma and skin-friendly properties, you can use it to create personalized skincare items that cater to your specific needs.
Whether you are a formulator, a soap maker, or someone who loves indulging in self-care routines, Celery Seed Essential Oil offers a wide array of applications. Its unique fragrance and potential health benefits make it a compelling choice for a multitude of personal care products.
Uses of Celery Seed Essential Oil
Celery Seed Essential Oil, extracted from the seeds of the celery plant (Apium graveolens), is a lesser-known but remarkably potent essential oil. Its applications are vast, from therapeutic uses in aromatherapy to benefits in wellness practices. Here, we explore the myriad uses of this distinctive essential oil.
What Are the Therapeutic Applications?
Celery Seed Essential Oil boasts a range of therapeutic benefits, making it a favored choice among practitioners of alternative medicine and aromatherapy:
- Anti-inflammatory Properties: One of the primary reasons celery seed essential oil is sought after is for its potential anti-inflammatory properties. It may help alleviate inflammation-related conditions, particularly those related to the joints.
- Diuretic Qualities: Traditionally, celery seed oil has been used as a diuretic, supporting the body in flushing out excess fluid, potentially benefiting those looking to alleviate water retention.
- Relaxation and Stress Reduction: When diffused, the calming scent can assist in reducing stress and promoting relaxation, making it beneficial for mental well-being.
How Is It Used In Personal Care?
Its intriguing aromatic profile and inherent properties make celery seed essential oil a notable ingredient in personal care formulations:
- Skin Care: Due to its moisturizing properties, it can be added to skincare formulations to aid in hydrating dry or flaky skin. Additionally, its potential anti-inflammatory attributes might benefit skin prone to redness or irritation.
- Hair Care: The oil can be blended into hair care products to potentially promote a healthier scalp, reducing dryness and flakiness.
- Massage Oils: When diluted with a carrier oil, celery seed essential oil can be used in massage blends, especially for those seeking relief from joint or muscle discomfort.
What Role Does It Play in Household Products?
Celery Seed Essential Oil's unique scent and properties make it suitable for several household applications:
- Room Fresheners: Its fresh and earthy aroma can be diffused to cleanse and refresh indoor spaces, offering a break from more common citrus or floral scents.
- Cleaning Products: Given its natural composition, celery seed essential oil can be incorporated into DIY cleaning solutions, adding both its aromatic and potential antimicrobial benefits to the mix.
Are There Any Precautions to Consider?
While celery seed essential oil offers a myriad of benefits, there are also precautions to bear in mind:
- Topical Use: Before applying to the skin, it's crucial to dilute celery seed essential oil with a carrier oil. Conducting a patch test beforehand is advisable to ensure no allergic reactions occur.
- Internal Use: Consumption of this essential oil should only be under the guidance of a qualified professional. Undiluted or incorrect ingestion can be harmful.
- Use During Pregnancy: Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult with healthcare professionals before using celery seed essential oil, as its effects during these times are not thoroughly researched.
In the world of essential oils, celery seed oil is a hidden gem with a plethora of applications. Its therapeutic, personal care, and household uses make it a versatile addition to any essential oil collection. As with any essential oil, understanding its properties and ensuring its safe use is paramount. By harnessing its benefits wisely, celery seed essential oil can play a pivotal role in enhancing well-being and daily life.
Main Benefits of Celery Seed Essential Oil
Derived from the seeds of the celery plant (Apium graveolens), Celery Seed Essential Oil is a potent substance with a variety of benefits. Although it's not as commonly discussed as some other essential oils, celery seed oil's unique properties make it a valuable addition to the wellness and aromatherapy realm. Let's delve deeper into the main benefits this oil offers.
What are its Therapeutic Properties?
Celery Seed Essential Oil possesses a number of therapeutic benefits, which are rooted in its chemical composition and traditional uses:
- Anti-inflammatory: Perhaps one of its most notable benefits, celery seed essential oil may assist in reducing inflammation. This is particularly valuable for those experiencing joint or muscle discomfort. The presence of certain compounds, like limonene and selinene, could contribute to this anti-inflammatory action.
- Diuretic: Traditionally, celery seed oil has been utilized as a diuretic, helping in the removal of excess fluids from the body. This can be beneficial for those facing issues related to water retention or certain kidney conditions.
- Nervine: Acting as a tonic for the nerves, celery seed oil may help alleviate nervous disorders and potentially promote a sense of calm and relaxation, combatting feelings of stress or anxiety.
- Antispasmodic: The oil can provide relief from spasmodic conditions, which includes ailments that cause cramps, coughs, and hiccups.
How Does It Benefit the Skin?
The skin can benefit from celery seed essential oil in various ways, thanks to its inherent properties:
- Moisturizing: The oil's natural composition can help hydrate dry or flaky skin, promoting a smoother and healthier complexion.
- Redness and Irritation: Given its anti-inflammatory nature, celery seed oil might be useful in soothing skin that's prone to redness or irritation.
- Detoxifying: Celery seed essential oil's diuretic property can also be of value to the skin, potentially helping to remove toxins and cleanse the skin, resulting in a fresher appearance.
How Can It Promote Internal Health?
Beyond its topical and aromatic applications, celery seed essential oil may offer internal health benefits:
- Supporting Digestion: Historically, celery seed has been used to aid digestion. The essential oil may provide relief from bloating, gas, and other digestive discomforts.
- Purifying the Blood: Its diuretic nature not only aids in detoxifying the skin but can also help in purifying the blood by flushing out toxins.
What About its Aromatic Benefits?
The aromatic profile of celery seed essential oil is another realm where benefits can be found:
- Mental Clarity: When diffused, the fresh, earthy aroma of celery seed oil can help clear the mind, potentially improving focus and clarity.
- Relaxation: The calming nature of the scent makes it ideal for promoting relaxation and combating feelings of tension or stress.
Celery Seed Essential Oil, with its wide spectrum of benefits, truly is a testament to the wonders of nature. Its anti-inflammatory, diuretic, and nervine properties make it a potent therapeutic agent. Additionally, its benefits to the skin, internal health, and aromatic applications make it a comprehensive wellness tool. As with all essential oils, it's crucial to use celery seed essential oil with care and knowledge, ensuring that it's always used in a safe and effective manner. When incorporated wisely into one's wellness regimen, it can be a powerful ally in the pursuit of holistic health and well-being.
Principal Constituents of Celery Seed Essential Oil
Celery Seed Essential Oil, derived from the seeds of the celery plant (Apium graveolens), possesses a unique chemical profile that contributes to its range of therapeutic and aromatic properties. Understanding these constituents helps in appreciating the versatility and potency of this essential oil. Let's delve into the principal components of celery seed essential oil and the implications of their presence.
What are the Dominant Chemical Compounds?
While the exact composition of celery seed essential oil can vary based on extraction methods, region of cultivation, and other factors, several primary constituents are generally present:
- Limonene: A common terpene found in various essential oils, limonene is known for its uplifting and refreshing scent. It may also have potential anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
- Selinene: This compound contributes to the earthy aroma of celery seed essential oil. Additionally, selinene might play a role in the oil's potential anti-inflammatory benefits.
- Sedanolide and Sedanonic Anhydride: These are lactones that give celery seed oil its distinct celery aroma. They might also contribute to the oil's potential diuretic properties.
- P-mentha-2,8-dienol: This lesser-known constituent can contribute to the oil's potential antifungal and antimicrobial benefits.
What Implications Do These Constituents Have?
The combination of these primary constituents results in the unique benefits associated with celery seed essential oil. For instance:
- The presence of limonene not only offers a pleasant aroma but might also play a role in reducing inflammation and providing antioxidant support.
- Compounds like sedanolide and sedanonic anhydride provide the characteristic celery scent and could be linked to the oil's potential diuretic effects.
- The potential antimicrobial and antifungal attributes of celery seed essential oil could be attributed to constituents like p-mentha-2,8-dienol.
In essence, the unique chemical profile of celery seed essential oil is the foundation of its diverse benefits. These constituents not only define the aroma but also contribute to the therapeutic properties that make this oil valuable in aromatherapy and holistic health practices. As research continues, our understanding of these compounds and their synergistic effects may expand, further highlighting the importance and versatility of celery seed essential oil.
Effects of Celery Seed Essential Oil on Pets
Essential oils, including Celery Seed Essential Oil, have gained significant attention for their therapeutic and aromatic benefits for humans. However, it's essential to recognize that our pets metabolize and react to substances differently than we do. Consequently, while an essential oil might be safe and beneficial for humans, it may not be for animals. Let's explore the potential effects of Celery Seed Essential Oil on pets.
Is Celery Seed Essential Oil Safe for Pets?
There is limited research on the safety of Celery Seed Essential Oil specifically for pets. As a general precaution, many essential oils that are safe for human use may not be safe for pets, especially when used in their undiluted form.
- Cats: Cats are particularly sensitive to essential oils due to specific metabolic enzymes they lack. This deficiency makes it difficult for them to process certain compounds present in essential oils. Therefore, even oils considered mild can become toxic for them.
- Dogs: While dogs can tolerate a wider range of essential oils than cats, they can still be sensitive to certain compounds. It's crucial to introduce any essential oil in a highly diluted form and monitor for any adverse reactions.
- Birds: Birds have a highly efficient respiratory system, which makes them especially sensitive to inhaled substances, including essential oils. It's generally recommended to be very cautious when diffusing essential oils around birds or to avoid it altogether.
What Symptoms Should Pet Owners Look Out For?
If you suspect that your pet has been exposed to an essential oil and is reacting adversely, it's crucial to observe them for signs of distress:
- Drooling or vomiting
- Difficulty breathing or wheezing
- Unusual behavior, such as lethargy or agitation
- Difficulty walking or coordination issues
If any of these symptoms are observed, contact your veterinarian immediately.
How Can Pet Owners Ensure Safety?
If you still wish to use Celery Seed Essential Oil or any other essential oil in a household with pets:
- Always store essential oils out of reach of pets.
- Diffuse oils in well-ventilated areas and ensure that your pet can leave the room if they wish.
- Avoid applying any essential oil directly to your pet without consulting a veterinarian experienced in aromatherapy for animals.
- Always dilute essential oils properly before any potential exposure to pets.
While Celery Seed Essential Oil offers various benefits for humans, it's essential to exercise caution when using it around pets. Until more research is conducted on its specific effects on animals, it's best to prioritize your pet's safety and consult with veterinary professionals before introducing any new substance into their environment.
Aromatherapy Aspects of Celery Seed Essential Oil
What is the Aromatic Profile?
The aroma of Celery Seed Essential Oil is warm, spicy, and somewhat earthy. This makes it a versatile component in aromatic blending, often adding a middle to base note that gives depth to lighter, more volatile oils.
Emotional and Psychological Benefits
In aromatherapy, Celery Seed Essential Oil is thought to have a calming and grounding effect on the emotional and psychological state of the user. The warm, earthy scent can help promote relaxation, reduce stress, and improve focus. Many users report feelings of mental clarity and emotional balance when inhaling the aroma of this oil.
Celery Seed Essential Oil blends well with other essential oils such as lavender, tea tree, and citrus oils like lemon and grapefruit. These combinations not only create a pleasing aroma but can also enhance the overall effectiveness of aromatherapy sessions. For example, blending celery seed with lavender can create a synergistic effect that promotes deeper relaxation and stress relief.
Diffuser and Inhalation Uses
The oil is commonly used in diffusers to disperse its aroma throughout a room, but it can also be inhaled directly for more immediate effects. A few drops can be added to a bowl of steaming water for inhalation, or applied to a cloth to be inhaled when needed. This makes it a useful tool for those looking to harness its emotional and psychological benefits.
Whether used alone or in combination with other oils, Celery Seed Essential Oil offers a range of aromatherapeutic benefits that enhance well-being and promote emotional balance. Its versatility and pleasant aroma make it a valuable addition to any aromatherapy practice.
History of Celery Seed Essential Oil
Origins and Ancient Uses
Celery Seed Essential Oil is extracted from the seeds of the celery plant, known scientifically as Apium graveolens. The celery plant has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. It was cultivated in parts of Europe and the Mediterranean for its medicinal and culinary uses. In the past, it was often employed for religious and ceremonial purposes.
Ayurvedic and Traditional Medicine
In Ayurvedic medicine, one of the world's oldest holistic healing systems that originated in India, celery seeds have been used for their therapeutic properties, such as aiding digestion and promoting respiratory health. While the oil itself may not have been explicitly mentioned in ancient texts, the seeds and the plant from which it is extracted have a long-standing presence in traditional medicine.
Early European Uses
In Europe, celery seed has been used since the Middle Ages. Hildegard of Bingen, a well-known medieval herbalist, cited celery seed as a treatment for various ailments. During this period, the seeds and their extracts were commonly used as a digestive aid, a diuretic, and even as an ingredient in love potions.
Modern Rediscovery and Commercialization
It was only in the late 19th and early 20th centuries that celery seed began to be distilled for its essential oil on a commercial scale. With the advent of modern distillation techniques, the essential oil gained prominence for its concentrated benefits. Today, it is widely used in personal care products like soaps, lotions, and cosmetics, as well as in aromatherapy.
As we continue to explore the potential of essential oils in today's world, the history of Celery Seed Essential Oil serves as a testament to the enduring value of natural substances in human health and well-being.
Additional Safety Concerns of Celery Seed Essential Oil
Is Celery Seed Essential Oil Safe for All Skin Types?
While Celery Seed Essential Oil is generally considered safe when used properly, it's essential to note that it may not be suitable for all skin types. Some people might experience skin irritation or allergic reactions. Therefore, a patch test is recommended before using the oil extensively on the skin.
Pregnancy and Nursing Considerations
If you are pregnant or nursing, it is advised to consult a healthcare professional before using Celery Seed Essential Oil. The oil contains certain constituents that could potentially have contraindications during pregnancy and lactation.
Some essential oils are known to be phototoxic, meaning they can cause skin to become more sensitive to sunlight, leading to quicker burns or irritation. While Celery Seed Essential Oil is generally not considered phototoxic, it is always advisable to exercise caution and avoid direct sun exposure after application.
Concentration and Dilution
Being a concentrated essence, Celery Seed Essential Oil should always be diluted with a carrier oil before applying it to the skin. Using it in a concentrated form can lead to skin irritation or even burns. Always adhere to recommended dilution ratios provided by qualified aromatherapists or the product's manufacturer.
Interaction with Medication
If you are taking any medication, especially blood thinners or medication for high blood pressure, consult your healthcare provider before incorporating Celery Seed Essential Oil into your routine. The oil may interact with certain medications and cause adverse effects.
Understanding the safety concerns associated with the use of Celery Seed Essential Oil is vital for making an informed decision. Always follow the recommended guidelines and consult healthcare professionals when in doubt to ensure a safe and beneficial experience.
Is Celery Seed Oil Beneficial for Hair?
Celery seed oil, extracted from the seeds of the celery plant (Apium graveolens), has been recognized for its various therapeutic properties. When it comes to hair health, there are a few considerations to understand about the potential benefits of celery seed oil.
What Properties of Celery Seed Oil Might Benefit Hair?
While not as widely recognized as some other essential oils for hair care, celery seed oil possesses several attributes that can be beneficial:
- Antioxidant Properties: The oil has antioxidants that can help in combating free radical damage, which may subsequently protect hair from environmental stressors.
- Scalp Health: Its potential anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties might help in maintaining a healthy scalp, thereby potentially preventing issues like dandruff or scalp irritations.
- Stimulating Circulation: Using celery seed oil in scalp massages might enhance blood circulation, potentially promoting healthier hair growth.
How Can One Incorporate Celery Seed Oil into Hair Care?
For those looking to harness the potential benefits of celery seed oil for hair, here are some suggestions:
- Scalp Massage: Diluting celery seed oil with a carrier oil and massaging it into the scalp can be relaxing and potentially beneficial for scalp health.
- Shampoo and Conditioners: Adding a few drops to your regular shampoo or conditioner can integrate the oil's benefits into your daily hair care routine.
- Hair Masks: Incorporate celery seed oil into DIY hair masks combined with other beneficial ingredients like coconut oil or aloe vera.
Always ensure that celery seed oil is diluted appropriately before any direct application to the scalp or skin to prevent potential irritation. Additionally, it's advisable to conduct a patch test to rule out any allergic reactions or sensitivities.
The Artisan's Choice for Soap and Cosmetic Ingredients
In the expansive world of online retail, there exists a unique niche for hobbyists and professionals alike: soap and cosmetic making. One standout in this niche is our store, SoapGoods.com.
SoapGoods is an online-only retailer that has carved out a space in the market by catering to the specific needs of those passionate about handcrafted soap, skincare, and cosmetics. Offering an array of high-quality ingredients and supplies, SoapGoods aims to be a one-stop-shop for everything needed to create personal care items, from the basic to the most intricate.
The product range at SoapGoods is vast and encompasses a wide variety of categories. Here are some of the main ones:
- Oils and Butters: Fundamental to soap-making, oils and butters like olive oil pomace, coconut oil 76, shea butter refined, and cocoa butter natural provide the base for many formulations. Each oil or butter possesses unique properties, be it moisturizing capabilities, lathering quality, or hardness.
- Essential Oils and Fragrance Oils: To give handmade soaps and cosmetics their distinctive scents, SoapGoods offers a diverse selection of essential oils derived from natural plants and fragrance oils which are more complex, synthetic scents.
- Additives: From natural clays and botanicals to exfoliating agents like pumice and walnut shell, these additives help enhance the texture, appearance, and benefits of the final product.
- Colorants: SoapGoods provides a range of pigments, dyes, and micas, allowing crafters to achieve the perfect hue for their creations.
- Molds and Equipment: Beyond ingredients, SoapGoods stocks a variety of tools and equipment. Silicone molds, thermometers, pH testers, and more ensure that hobbyists and professionals can craft their products with precision.
- Packaging Supplies: For those looking to sell or gift their creations, the store offers an assortment of packaging materials, including bottles, jars and shrink wraps.
Quality and Sourcing
One of the standout features of SoapGoods is its commitment to quality. Many products are sourced to ensure they are non-GMO, and from reputable sources. After 20 years in the industry, we have been able to find the highest quality sources at fair prices. This dedication to quality resonates with a clientele that values natural and ethical ingredients.
Shopping on SoapGoods.com is a seamless experience. The site is intuitively designed, making product searches straightforward. Clear product descriptions, accompanied by high-resolution images, make it easier for shoppers to discern the right products for their needs. Moreover, the site often features customer reviews, which offer insights and real-world experiences with the products.
Shipping and Customer Service
With efficient shipping options and the fastest shipping in the industry, SoapGoods ensures that customers receive their orders in a timely manner. Their commitment to customer satisfaction is also evident in their attentive customer service, ready to address any queries or concerns.
FedEx Delivery Map
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|Major Cities||Total Business Days +1 / -1|
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|Montana (MT) - Helena, Billings||4|
|Nebraska (NE) - Lincoln, Omaha||2|
|Nevada (NV) - Carson City, Las Vegas, Reno||4|
|New Hampshire (NH) - Concord, Manchester, Portsmouth||2|
|New Jersey (NJ) - Trenton, Newark, Jersey City||2|
|New Mexico (NM) - Santa Fe, Alburquerque||3|
|New York (NY) - Albany, New York, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany, Syracuse, Niagara Falls, Ithaca||3|
|North Carolina (NC) - Raleigh, Charlotte||2|
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Disclaimer: All product descriptions and specifications provided in this description are intended as a guide only and are subject to change without notice. While we strive for accuracy, discrepancies or errors may be present. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
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