About Carrot Seed Essential Oil
- Synonyms: Daucus carota oil, Wild carrot seed oil, Queen Anne's lace oil, Carrot seed oil
- Botanical Name: Daucus carota
- Origin: France
- Plant Part: Seeds
- Plant Description: It is an annual or biennial herb with hairy leaves and umbels of white lacy flowers with purple centers.
- Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
- Aromatic Fragrance: Woody-earthy, slightly spicy, strong, fruity, warm, herbaceous and musky.
- Aromatic Strength: Medium
- Note: Middle
- Blends Well with: Frankincense, Lavender, Rosewood, Blue Cypress, Geranium
- Consistency: Light
- Natural: This essential oil is from a natural source
- Color: Deep yellow
- Packaging: The 1/2 Oz, 2 Oz and 4 Oz each come in a single amber bottle. The 1 Lb size is in a steel canister, 10 Lb is either a single steel can or several steel canisters
Usage / Benefits
- Industries: Cosmetics, Skincare, Personal care, Perfumery, Aromatherapy, Natural remedies, Spa and wellness, Soap making, Hair care, Massage oils, Sun care products.
- Applications: Skin rejuvenation, Anti-aging treatments, Acne control, Scar reduction, Hair growth stimulation, Sunburn relief, Moisturizing lotions, Facial serums, Massage blends, Aromatic diffusers, Bath oils, Hair conditioners, Scalp treatments, Lip balms, Perfume formulations.
- Benefits: Antioxidant properties, Skin rejuvenation, Wrinkle reduction, Improves complexion, Soothes inflammation, Moisturizes dry skin, Stimulates hair growth, Eases muscle tension, Supports healthy digestion, Enhances circulation, Protects against UV radiation, Detoxifies skin, Reduces hyperpigmentation, Boosts immune system.
- Products Uses: Facial serums, Anti-aging creams, Sunscreen lotions, Hair growth formulations, Scalp treatments, Massage oils, Bath oils, Aromatherapy blends, Diffuser blends, Perfumes, Soaps, Lip balms, After-sun lotions, Body butters, Shampoos, Conditioners.
- Storage: Cool, dark dry area, air tight container preferred
- Safety: Generally safe, however keep out of eyes and do not eat.
- Cautions: Not for ingestion, keep away from pets and children who may attempt to eat.
- External Use Only: Even if food grade, we do not provide items for ingestion, all of our items are for external use only.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil
Carrot Seed Essential Oil, often overlooked in favor of more popular oils, is a hidden gem in the world of natural beauty and personal care. Extracted through steam distillation from the seeds of the wild carrot plant, Daucus carota, this essential oil boasts a woody, earthy aroma that blends well with a variety of other oils. Though it's not the same as carrot oil, which is derived from the root of the carrot plant, both are lauded for their skincare benefits. Below, we delve into the unique characteristics, applications, and benefits of Carrot Seed Essential Oil.
The chemical constituents of Carrot Seed Essential Oil mainly include alpha-pinene, sabinene, gamma-terpinene, and carotol. These naturally occurring phytochemicals are primarily responsible for the oil's therapeutic properties. In particular, carotol makes up a significant portion of the oil and is highly regarded for its skin-rejuvenating abilities.
Texture and Aroma
The oil has a viscous texture and a yellow or amber color. Its earthy aroma is rich and complex, having sweet, woody, and slightly herbaceous notes. This makes it versatile enough to blend well with oils like lavender, rosemary, and citrus oils for various cosmetic and personal care applications.
Skin Care Marvel
Carrot Seed Essential Oil is often hailed as a powerhouse in skincare, and for good reason. Its rich antioxidant content helps fight free radicals, reducing the signs of aging. The oil's moisturizing capabilities make it excellent for dry, flaky, sensitive skin. Furthermore, its antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties are effective in managing skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.
Revitalizing Hair Care
Not only is this essential oil wonderful for the skin, but it also has applications in hair care. When used in hair masks or scalp massages, the oil can help regulate sebum production and promote hair growth. It's often found in shampoos and conditioners aimed at nourishing dry, brittle hair.
The Art of Soap Making
In the realm of soap making, Carrot Seed Essential Oil is a valuable asset. Its stable chemical structure allows it to survive the soap-making process, ensuring that its beneficial properties are not lost. It's often used to produce specialty soaps that target skin conditions or simply offer a luxury skin-softening experience.
Aside from skincare products, the oil is incorporated into various cosmetics. It's often added to lotions, creams, and even makeup items like foundation for added skin benefits. Its emollient properties make it an ideal component in lip balms, offering natural moisturization.
Fragrance and Perfumery
The unique, earthy aroma of Carrot Seed Essential Oil is sometimes used in the perfume industry. It serves as a middle note that can add complexity and richness to a fragrance profile. Though it's not a dominant oil in this industry, it's favored for its ability to add subtle, intricate layers to scents.
Massage Oils and Baths
Often used in aromatherapy, this oil is a popular choice for massage oils. It's lauded for its stress-reducing and muscle-relaxing effects. Furthermore, adding a few drops to a warm bath can turn it into a luxurious, skin-nourishing experience.
Sustainability and Sourcing
Given the increasing demand for natural and sustainable beauty products, sourcing Carrot Seed Essential Oil responsibly is crucial. Always look for suppliers who can provide evidence of sustainable farming practices and ethical harvesting methods.
Overall, Carrot Seed Essential Oil is a multi-faceted marvel in the world of natural personal care and cosmetics. Its diverse range of applications and benefits make it a must-have for anyone interested in holistic wellness, natural beauty, and artisanal soap making.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil its Uses
Carrot Seed Essential Oil, distilled from the seeds of the wild carrot plant Daucus carota, has been utilized for its myriad of beneficial properties for centuries. Known for its earthy, slightly sweet aroma, it is rich in antioxidants and offers a range of health and cosmetic benefits. Here, we explore the multifaceted uses of this distinctive essential oil.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil is perhaps most lauded for its skin-enhancing properties:
- Rejuvenation: Its high antioxidant content helps combat signs of aging. When applied topically (in diluted form), it can assist in smoothing wrinkles and fine lines.
- Skin Healing: Carrot Seed oil can be used to soothe irritated or inflamed skin, making it beneficial for conditions like eczema or psoriasis.
- Brightening: It is also known to even out skin tone, reduce hyperpigmentation, and enhance the skin's overall luminosity.
- Protection: The oil provides a natural layer of protection against environmental stressors, including UV radiation, pollution, and harsh weather.
While less common than its skin applications, Carrot Seed Essential Oil offers benefits for hair care as well:
- Scalp Nourishment: Its moisturizing properties can help combat a dry, flaky scalp.
- Hair Growth: Some believe that the oil can stimulate hair growth and strengthen roots, although more research may be required in this area.
- Natural Shine: Applying a diluted mixture to the hair can restore its natural shine and vitality.
Health and Well-being
The therapeutic properties of Carrot Seed Essential Oil extend beyond skin and hair:
- Detoxification: Traditionally, it has been used as a detoxifier, helping the body rid itself of unwanted toxins.
- Digestive Aid: The oil can help in soothing the digestive system and may relieve gas and bloating.
- Immune System Boost: Some users believe that the oil can boost the immune system, although concrete scientific evidence in this area is still emerging.
Aromatherapy and Mental Well-being
Carrot Seed Essential Oil has a grounding effect, making it valuable in aromatherapeutic applications:
- Stress Relief: Diffusing the oil or applying it (diluted) on pulse points can promote a sense of calm and relief from stress and anxiety.
- Mental Clarity: The earthy aroma of the oil can help in clearing mental clutter and promoting focus and concentration.
- Sleep Aid: While not a primary use, some users find that its calming properties can assist in inducing sleep.
Blending with Other Oils
Due to its distinct aroma, Carrot Seed Essential Oil blends well with a variety of other oils. It's commonly paired with:
- Lavender for a calming blend
- Frankincense for skin rejuvenation
- Citrus oils like lemon or orange for a more uplifting scent
Incorporating Carrot Seed Essential Oil into daily routines can offer a wealth of benefits. Whether used for its potent skin-enhancing properties, its ability to nourish hair, or its calming aromatic qualities, it's clear that this oil is a valuable addition to any essential oil collection. As with all essential oils, it's crucial to ensure proper dilution and to conduct a patch test before widespread topical use. This ensures that one can harness all the advantages of Carrot Seed Essential Oil without any adverse reactions.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil its Benefits
Carrot Seed Essential Oil, derived from the seeds of the wild carrot plant Daucus carota, is a potent elixir that boasts a multitude of health and cosmetic benefits. Its unique composition and properties have made it a sought-after ingredient in various therapeutic and beauty formulations. Below, we delve into the primary benefits of this powerful essential oil.
1. Skin Revitalization
Carrot Seed Essential Oil stands out primarily for its remarkable skin-enhancing properties:
- Anti-Aging: Rich in antioxidants, this oil is a boon for mature skin. It helps counteract the effects of oxidative stress, effectively reducing wrinkles and fine lines. As a result, the skin appears more youthful and vibrant.
- Skin Repair: Known for its regenerative abilities, the oil promotes skin healing, making it beneficial for scars, blemishes, and even more severe conditions like eczema or psoriasis.
- Improved Complexion: It aids in balancing the skin's moisture, leading to a brighter and even-toned complexion. This is especially helpful in addressing hyperpigmentation and age spots.
2. Hair Health
While it is primarily renowned for skincare, Carrot Seed Essential Oil also offers notable benefits for hair:
- Scalp Hydration: Its emollient properties help alleviate a dry, itchy scalp, promoting overall scalp health.
- Shine and Strength: When incorporated into hair care routines, it can restore the hair's natural luster and reinforce its strength, reducing breakage.
3. Detoxification and Digestive Health
The therapeutic nature of the oil extends to the body's internal systems as well:
- Body Detox: Historically, Carrot Seed Essential Oil has been utilized for its detoxifying properties, supporting the liver and aiding in flushing out toxins from the body.
- Digestive Aid: It can provide relief from gas and bloating, thereby supporting smoother digestion.
4. Immune System Boost
The benefits of Carrot Seed Essential Oil are not just skin-deep:
- Immunity Enhancement: With its potential antibacterial and antiviral properties, this oil can bolster the immune system, offering an added layer of protection against common illnesses.
5. Aromatherapeutic Properties
The oil's subtle, earthy aroma has grounding effects, which cater to mental well-being:
- Relaxation and Stress Relief: When diffused or applied topically (in diluted form), Carrot Seed Essential Oil can invoke feelings of calmness, mitigating stress and anxiety.
- Mental Focus: Its scent can also assist in enhancing concentration and clarity, making it a valuable ally during meditation or focused tasks.
6. Antioxidant Powerhouse
The oil's robust antioxidant profile offers several benefits:
- Cellular Protection: By neutralizing free radicals, it protects cells from damage, potentially delaying signs of aging and preventing various ailments.
- Skin Defense: Its antioxidant nature provides a shield against environmental aggressors like pollution and UV radiation, which can deteriorate skin health.
7. Natural SPF Properties
While it doesn't replace sunscreen, Carrot Seed Essential Oil does have natural SPF properties, offering a layer of sun protection when applied topically. This aids in guarding the skin against harmful UV rays and subsequent sun damage.
Embracing Carrot Seed Essential Oil and integrating it into daily routines can lead to noticeable improvements in skin, hair, and overall well-being. Its versatile nature makes it a valuable addition to any essential oil collection. However, as with all essential oils, it's imperative to ensure proper dilution and to carry out a patch test prior to broad topical application to prevent potential reactions and make the most of its benefits.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil the Principal Constitutents
Carrot Seed Essential Oil is rich in a variety of constituents that contribute to its unique properties and benefits. Understanding these components can provide a better grasp of the oil's potential applications, particularly in the realms of personal care, soap-making, and cosmetics.
The principal constituents of Carrot Seed Essential Oil are typically a combination of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. Some of the primary constituents include:
Role of Each Constituent
Each constituent plays a specific role in defining the characteristics and benefits of Carrot Seed Essential Oil:
- Carotol: This is often the main component and is credited with many of the skin-friendly properties of the oil.
- α-Pinene and Sabinene: These contribute to the oil's antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Myrcene: Known for its soothing effects, Myrcene enhances the oil's calming properties.
- γ-Terpinene and Limonene: These offer antiseptic and antioxidant qualities.
- Bisabolene: Known for its calming and anti-inflammatory effects.
Importance in Personal Care and Cosmetics
Understanding these principal constituents is crucial for anyone interested in using Carrot Seed Essential Oil for personal care, cosmetics, or soap-making. Each constituent brings unique properties that can be beneficial for skin care, aromatherapy, and other applications. However, it is crucial to understand that the composition can vary based on factors such as the geographic origin of the carrots, the extraction process, and the specific variety of carrot used.
In summary, Carrot Seed Essential Oil is a complex substance with a variety of constituents, each contributing to its overall properties and potential applications in personal care and cosmetics.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil and Pets
When it comes to using essential oils, it's crucial to exercise caution, especially around pets. While Carrot Seed Essential Oil is widely celebrated for its various benefits in human aromatherapy and skincare, its effects on pets are not as well-understood.
What Are the General Concerns?
Pets, particularly cats and dogs, have a different physiology than humans and may not metabolize substances in the same way we do. Even oils considered safe for humans can be toxic for pets. Pets also have a much more sensitive sense of smell, and what might be a pleasant or tolerable scent to a human could be overwhelming or irritating for an animal.
Can It Be Toxic to Pets?
While there is limited scientific data specifically on the effects of Carrot Seed Essential Oil on pets, essential oils, in general, can be harmful if ingested, applied to the skin, or even when diffused in the air. Signs of toxicity can include drooling, vomiting, tremors, or even respiratory distress.
How to Exercise Caution
If you're considering using Carrot Seed Essential Oil in a space shared with pets, it's highly advisable to consult a veterinarian for personalized advice. Keep essential oils out of reach of pets and never apply them directly to a pet's skin or add them to food or water without professional guidance. When using a diffuser, ensure the room is well-ventilated and that pets have the option to leave the space.
In summary, while Carrot Seed Essential Oil may offer numerous benefits for humans, its safety for pets is not clearly understood. Always consult a veterinarian before exposing your pets to essential oils, and observe them closely for any signs of distress or adverse reactions.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil and Aromatherapy
Indeed, Carrot Seed Essential Oil has carved out a significant place for itself in the field of aromatherapy. Known for its earthy, woody, and slightly spicy aroma, this essential oil is often used for its grounding and calming effects on the mind and body.
What Are the Emotional Benefits?
Carrot Seed Essential Oil is often used in aromatherapy to help alleviate feelings of stress, anxiety, and fatigue. Its grounding qualities are said to help create a balanced emotional state, providing a calming effect that can aid in mental clarity and focus. This makes it a popular choice for diffusing in spaces where stress-reducing atmospheres are desirable, such as meditation rooms or study areas.
What Are the Physical Benefits?
From a physical perspective, the oil is often touted for its detoxifying properties, helping to cleanse the liver and kidneys when used responsibly and in the right dilution. While it is primarily renowned for its skin benefits, aromatherapists also recommend it for promoting respiratory health. The vapors from diffused Carrot Seed Essential Oil may help to clear sinus passages and relieve congestion.
The scent profile of Carrot Seed Essential Oil blends well with several other essential oils, notably lavender, frankincense, and geranium. These combinations not only produce pleasing fragrances but also work synergistically to amplify the aromatherapeutic effects, such as enhancing relaxation or boosting emotional well-being.
In summary, Carrot Seed Essential Oil is a versatile and beneficial component in aromatherapy applications. It serves both emotional and physical needs, acting as a grounding force that calms the mind while offering a range of physical benefits. However, as always, it's important to consult with healthcare professionals for proper usage and to rule out any contraindications.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil the History
Carrot Seed Essential Oil has a rich history that spans various cultures and centuries, owing much of its traditional use to its healing properties. It's a highly esteemed oil with roots tracing back to both the Eastern and Western worlds.
Origins in Ancient Civilizations
The use of carrot seed and its essential oil can be traced back to ancient civilizations, including those in India, Egypt, and Greece. In Ayurvedic medicine, one of the world's oldest holistic healing systems, carrot seed oil was traditionally used to relieve digestive issues, promote liver health, and improve the complexion.
In Europe, particularly in the Medieval period, carrot seeds were believed to possess magical qualities. They were used in love potions and also considered a symbol of fertility. Moreover, in the realm of medicinal care, carrot seed preparations were utilized for their diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil saw a resurgence of interest in the 19th and early 20th centuries as distillation techniques improved and the study of essential oils became more scientific. Its unique combination of beneficial properties, such as being anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and rejuvenating, garnered it attention in the realms of aromatherapy and skincare.
Today, Carrot Seed Essential Oil is extensively used in modern aromatherapy and natural skincare formulations. Whether incorporated into lotions, soaps, or serums, its reputation for rejuvenating and regenerating skin has made it a staple in cosmetic products. Additionally, it remains a popular choice for aromatherapy, particularly for promoting relaxation and reducing stress.
While scientific studies on Carrot Seed Essential Oil are still somewhat limited, its historical usage and contemporary popularity speak volumes about its enduring relevance in wellness and personal care. With its multifaceted benefits backed by centuries of traditional use, Carrot Seed Essential Oil continues to be a highly valued ingredient in the modern age.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil - Additional Safety
While Carrot Seed Essential Oil is generally considered safe for topical applications when diluted, there are certain precautions one should take. The following safety concerns should be kept in mind when incorporating this oil into personal care routines.
Can It Cause Allergic Reactions?
Like many essential oils, Carrot Seed Essential Oil has the potential to cause allergic reactions, particularly for those with sensitive skin or known allergies to plants in the Apiaceae family, such as parsley, dill, or celery. It's recommended to conduct a patch test before applying the oil more broadly to the skin.
Is It Safe for Pregnant or Nursing Women?
Pregnant or nursing women should consult with a healthcare provider before using Carrot Seed Essential Oil. Although there's limited scientific research in this area, it's better to be cautious.
Unlike citrus oils, Carrot Seed Essential Oil is generally not considered to be photosensitizing. However, some individuals may experience increased sensitivity to sunlight when using products that contain this oil. It's advisable to use sun protection if you plan on being in direct sunlight after applying it to your skin.
Interaction with Medication
If you're taking any medication, especially those that interact with the liver, it's crucial to consult with a healthcare provider for potential interactions before using Carrot Seed Essential Oil.
Proper Dilution is Essential
Carrot Seed Essential Oil should always be properly diluted before topical application. The general recommendation is a 2-5% dilution, which translates to about 12-30 drops of essential oil per one ounce of carrier oil. Using the oil undiluted could result in skin irritation or other adverse effects.
In summary, while Carrot Seed Essential Oil offers an array of benefits in personal care, it's crucial to be mindful of these safety considerations. Always patch test, consult healthcare providers when necessary, and ensure proper dilution for a safer and more effective experience.
What is the difference between Carrot Seed Oil and Carrot Seed Essential Oil
What is Carrot Seed Oil?
Carrot seed oil is a carrier or base oil that is usually extracted by cold pressing the seeds of the carrot plant (Daucus carota). Cold pressing is a mechanical extraction method where seeds are pressed to release the oil without using heat. This oil is rich in nutrients and is often used in skincare and cosmetic products due to its moisturizing properties. Carrot seed oil is a golden-yellow or amber-colored oil that is slightly viscous.
What is Carrot Seed Essential Oil?
Carrot seed essential oil, on the other hand, is obtained primarily through the steam distillation process of the carrot seeds. The steam distillation method involves passing steam through the carrot seeds, causing the essential oil to evaporate with the steam. The mixture is then cooled to separate the essential oil from the water. This essential oil is highly concentrated and is known for its aromatic properties. Unlike the carrier oil, carrot seed essential oil is more potent and is used in smaller quantities, often in aromatherapy and for its therapeutic properties.
How Do Their Properties Differ?
Carrot seed oil, being a carrier oil, is nourishing and hydrating, making it an excellent choice for moisturizing the skin and providing anti-aging benefits. It can be applied directly to the skin or can be mixed with other oils and ingredients in skincare formulations.
Carrot seed essential oil has a warm, earthy aroma and is primarily used for its aromatic and therapeutic properties. It's known to have skin rejuvenation properties and can be added to skincare products. However, due to its concentrated nature, it's essential to dilute it with a carrier oil before applying it to the skin.
How Are Their Uses Different?
Carrot seed oil is frequently used in cosmetic products like creams, lotions, and serums for its ability to moisturize and rejuvenate the skin. Its rich nutrient content can help in improving skin's elasticity and reducing the appearance of scars and wrinkles.
Carrot seed essential oil, due to its aromatic properties, is often found in perfumes, scented candles, and diffuser blends. In skincare, when diluted, it can provide benefits like skin rejuvenation and brightness.
Is One Superior to the Other?
Neither is inherently superior to the other; their applications simply differ. Carrot seed oil is excellent for direct skin application due to its moisturizing properties, while carrot seed essential oil is valued for its aroma and therapeutic benefits. Depending on the intended use, one may choose between the two or even use them in conjunction for combined benefits.
The Artisan's Choice for Soap and Cosmetic Ingredients
In the expansive world of online retail, there exists a unique niche for hobbyists and professionals alike: soap and cosmetic making. One standout in this niche is our store, SoapGoods.com.
SoapGoods is an online-only retailer that has carved out a space in the market by catering to the specific needs of those passionate about handcrafted soap, skincare, and cosmetics. Offering an array of high-quality ingredients and supplies, SoapGoods aims to be a one-stop-shop for everything needed to create personal care items, from the basic to the most intricate.
The product range at SoapGoods is vast and encompasses a wide variety of categories. Here are some of the main ones:
- Oils and Butters: Fundamental to soap-making, oils and butters like olive oil pomace, coconut oil 76, shea butter refined, and cocoa butter natural provide the base for many formulations. Each oil or butter possesses unique properties, be it moisturizing capabilities, lathering quality, or hardness.
- Essential Oils and Fragrance Oils: To give handmade soaps and cosmetics their distinctive scents, SoapGoods offers a diverse selection of essential oils derived from natural plants and fragrance oils which are more complex, synthetic scents.
- Additives: From natural clays and botanicals to exfoliating agents like pumice and walnut shell, these additives help enhance the texture, appearance, and benefits of the final product.
- Colorants: SoapGoods provides a range of pigments, dyes, and micas, allowing crafters to achieve the perfect hue for their creations.
- Molds and Equipment: Beyond ingredients, SoapGoods stocks a variety of tools and equipment. Silicone molds, thermometers, pH testers, and more ensure that hobbyists and professionals can craft their products with precision.
- Packaging Supplies: For those looking to sell or gift their creations, the store offers an assortment of packaging materials, including bottles, jars and shrink wraps.
Quality and Sourcing
One of the standout features of SoapGoods is its commitment to quality. Many products are sourced to ensure they are non-GMO, and from reputable sources. After 20 years in the industry, we have been able to find the highest quality sources at fair prices. This dedication to quality resonates with a clientele that values natural and ethical ingredients.
Shopping on SoapGoods.com is a seamless experience. The site is intuitively designed, making product searches straightforward. Clear product descriptions, accompanied by high-resolution images, make it easier for shoppers to discern the right products for their needs. Moreover, the site often features customer reviews, which offer insights and real-world experiences with the products.
Shipping and Customer Service
With efficient shipping options and the fastest shipping in the industry, SoapGoods ensures that customers receive their orders in a timely manner. Their commitment to customer satisfaction is also evident in their attentive customer service, ready to address any queries or concerns.
FedEx Delivery Map
USPS Delivery Map
Typical Delivery Times to Major US Cities
|Major Cities||Total Business Days +1 / -1|
|Alabama (AL) - Montgomery, Birmingham||1|
|Alaska (AK) - Juneau, Anchorage||7|
|Arizona (AZ) - Phoenix, Tucson||4|
|Arkansas (AR) - Little Rock, Fayetteville||2|
|California (CA) - Sacramento, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Sacramento, San Jose||4|
|Colorado (CO) - Denver, Colorado Springs||3|
|Connecticut (CT) - Hartford, New Haven||2|
|Delaware (DE) - Dover, Wilmington, Newark||2|
|Florida (FL) - Tallahassee, Orlando, Miami, Jacksonville, Tampa, Destin||2|
|Georgia (GA) - Atlanta, Savannah, Augusta, Athens||1|
|Hawaii (HI) - Honolulu, Kailua||7|
|Idaho (ID) - Boise, Coeur d'Alene||4|
|Illinois (IL) - Springfield, Chicago, Peoria, Rockford||2|
|Indiana (IN) - Indianapolis, Fort Wayne||2|
|Iowa (IA) - Des Moines, Cedar Rapids||2|
|Kansas (KS) - Topeka, Wichita, Kansas City||2|
|Kentucky (KY) - Frankfort, Louisville, Lexington||2|
|Louisiana (LA) - Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Lafayette||2|
|Maine (ME) - Augusta, Portland, Bangor||3|
|Maryland (MD) - Annapolis, Baltimore||2|
|Massachusetts (MA) - Boston, Cambridge, Worcester||2|
|Michigan (MI) - Lansing, Detroit, Grand Rapids||2|
|Minnesota (MN) - St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth||3|
|Mississippi (MS) - Jackson, Biloxi, Hattiesburg||1|
|Missouri (MO) - Jefferson City, St Louis, Kansas City||2|
|Montana (MT) - Helena, Billings||4|
|Nebraska (NE) - Lincoln, Omaha||2|
|Nevada (NV) - Carson City, Las Vegas, Reno||4|
|New Hampshire (NH) - Concord, Manchester, Portsmouth||2|
|New Jersey (NJ) - Trenton, Newark, Jersey City||2|
|New Mexico (NM) - Santa Fe, Alburquerque||3|
|New York (NY) - Albany, New York, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany, Syracuse, Niagara Falls, Ithaca||3|
|North Carolina (NC) - Raleigh, Charlotte||2|
|North Dakota (ND) - Bismarck, Fargo||3|
|Ohio (OH) - Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati||2|
|Oklahoma (OK) - Oklahoma City, Fairview,||2|
|Oregon (OR) - Salem, Portland, Eugene||5|
|Pennsylvania (PA) - Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh||2|
|Rhode Island (RI) - Providence, Newport||2|
|South Carolina (SC) - Columbia, Charleston||1|
|South Dakota (SD) - Pierre, Sioux Falls, Rapid City||3|
|Tennessee (TN) - Nashville, Memphis||2|
|Texas (TX) - Austin, Houston, Dallas||3|
|Utah (UT) - Salt Lake City, St. George||3|
|Vermont (VT) - Montpelier, Burlington||3|
|Virginia (VA) - Richmond, Virginia Beach||2|
|Washington (WA) - Olympia, Seattle, Vancouver, Spokane||5|
|West Virginia (WV) - Charleston, Morgantown||2|
|Wisconsin (WI) - Madison, Milwaukee||2|
|Wyoming (WY) - Cheyenne, Jackson||4|
Disclaimer: All product descriptions and specifications provided in this description are intended as a guide only and are subject to change without notice. While we strive for accuracy, discrepancies or errors may be present. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.