About Dill Seed Essential Oil
- Synonyms: Dill Oil, Dill Essential Oil, Anethum graveolens oil, Dill Extract Oil.
- Botanical Name: Anethum graveolens
- Origin: India
- Plant Part: Seeds
- Plant Description: Dill is a member of the Umbelliferae (parsley) family. It grows to about three feet high with inflorescence of yellow flowers, appearing in the summer
- Extraction Method: Steam Distilled
- Aromatic Fragrance: Dill Seed Essential Oil has a fresh, herbaceous scent that is gentle, warm and spicy
- Aromatic Strength: Medium
- Note: Middle
- Blends Well with: Lemon, Lime, Orange, Bergamot, Caraway, Nutmeg, Fennel, Spearmint, Peppermint, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Rosewood, Sandalwood.
- Consistency: Thin
- Natural: This essential oil is from a natural source
- Color: Colorless to pale yellow clear liquid that darkens over time.
- Packaging: The 1/2 Oz, 2 Oz and 4 Oz each come in a single amber bottle. The 1 Lb size is in a steel canister, 10 Lb is either a single steel can or several steel canisters
Usage / Benefits
- Industries: Food and Beverage, Aromatherapy, Cosmetic and Personal Care, Pharmaceutical, Perfumery, Natural Health Products, Herbal Remedies, Spa and Wellness, Soap Making, Candle Making
- Applications: Flavoring agents in food, Digestive aid, Relaxation in aromatherapy, Fragrance in cosmetics and lotions, Ingredient in pharmaceutical products, Perfume component, Herbal treatments, Massage oil blends, Ingredient in soaps, Scent for candles, Skin care products
- Benefits: Antispasmodic properties, Digestive support, Antimicrobial activity, Relief from insomnia, Anti-inflammatory effects, Calming effect on nerves, Easing menstrual cramps, Promoting lactation, Antioxidant properties, Skin health support, Freshening breath
- Products Uses: Flavoring for pickles and culinary dishes, Ingredient in digestive aids, Essential oil diffusers for relaxation, Natural perfume, Lotions and creams, Herbal tinctures, Massage oils, Natural toothpaste and mouthwashes, Bath oils, Homemade soaps, Scented candles, Skin serums.
- Storage: Cool, dark dry area, air tight container preferred
- Safety: Generally safe, however keep out of eyes and do not eat.
- Cautions: Not for ingestion, keep away from pets and children who may attempt to eat.
- External Use Only: Even if food grade, we do not provide items for ingestion, all of our items are for external use only.
Dill Seed Essential Oil
Dill Seed Essential Oil is a highly aromatic oil extracted from the seeds of the dill plant, scientifically known as Anethum graveolens. This essential oil is often recognized for its distinct and pungent aroma, reminiscent of a fresh, herbaceous garden. While it is commonly used in culinary and pharmaceutical applications, dill seed essential oil has a myriad of uses in personal care, soap making, and cosmetics, which make it an intriguing and versatile ingredient.
The essential oil is typically extracted through steam distillation, a method which allows for the preservation of its rich scent profile and potent properties. The dill seeds are subjected to high-pressure steam, which results in the extraction of the oil. This method ensures that the essential constituents of the oil, such as carvone and limonene, are retained to provide maximum benefit.
Quality and Purity
When choosing dill seed essential oil for personal care or cosmetic formulation, it's crucial to opt for a product that is 100% pure, organic, and free from synthetic additives. Reputable suppliers often provide certificates of analysis to vouch for the quality and purity of the oil.
Personal Care Applications
Dill seed essential oil is often included in skin care formulations for its potential to revitalize and rejuvenate the skin. Its aromatic compounds are believed to have toning and tightening effects, making it a suitable ingredient in creams, lotions, and serums targeted at mature or sagging skin.
The oil can also be incorporated into shampoos, conditioners, and hair masks. It has been suggested to stimulate the scalp and may contribute to healthier, more vibrant hair. Although research is still emerging, anecdotal evidence supports its use for promoting hair growth and combating issues like dandruff.
Its distinctive aroma and potential skin benefits make dill seed essential oil a popular choice among soap makers. It not only imparts a unique scent but also adds a layer of complexity to artisanal soaps. The oil blends well with other aromatic oils like lavender, bergamot, and sandalwood, creating an olfactory experience that is both refreshing and calming.
Color and Texture
In soap making, dill seed essential oil doesn't significantly affect the color of the soap, allowing makers the freedom to experiment with dyes and pigments. Its consistency is also compatible with various soap bases, making it an easy ingredient to incorporate into different formulations.
Lip Balms and Salves
Dill seed essential oil can be an intriguing ingredient in lip balms and salves. The possible skin-rejuvenating properties of the oil can make these products more effective in soothing chapped or dry lips.
Due to its unique aromatic profile, dill seed essential oil can be used in natural perfumes as a middle note. It can add an herbaceous and slightly spicy dimension to the fragrance, complementing both floral and citrus notes effectively.
Though less commonly used in makeup, it can be added to products like blushes or eyeshadows for its potential skin benefits. When using dill seed essential oil in such applications, it's crucial to ensure that the oil is appropriately diluted and combined with other safe ingredients.
Whether you're a DIY enthusiast looking to create your personalized skin care regimen, or a professional formulator working on a new product line, dill seed essential oil offers a blend of aromatic allure and functional benefits. Its wide range of applications in personal care, soap making, and cosmetics makes it a valuable addition to any ingredient list. The key to harnessing its full potential lies in sourcing high-quality oil and using it wisely in carefully crafted formulations.
Uses of Dill Seed Essential Oil
While Dill Seed Essential Oil is commonly known for its culinary applications, its uses extend far beyond the kitchen. This aromatic oil, extracted from the seeds of the dill plant (Anethum graveolens), offers a wide array of functional and aromatic benefits, particularly in the realms of personal care, soap making, and cosmetics.
Skin Care Formulations
Dill Seed Essential Oil is a popular ingredient in various skin care products. Its potential skin-rejuvenating properties make it an excellent addition to anti-aging creams, lotions, and serums. It has been suggested to have a toning and tightening effect on the skin, which can be beneficial for mature or sagging skin.
Hair Care Products
The oil is also used in hair care solutions like shampoos and conditioners. Anecdotal evidence suggests that it may stimulate the scalp and promote hair growth. It can also be an effective ingredient in hair masks and leave-in conditioners, providing nourishment and vibrancy to the hair.
Aromatherapy and Relaxation
The aromatic properties of Dill Seed Essential Oil make it a favorite for aromatherapy applications. Its unique scent profile can create a calming and refreshing ambiance when used in diffusers or aromatherapy blends.
In the artisanal soap-making community, Dill Seed Essential Oil is appreciated for its distinct scent and potential skin benefits. When used in soap, the oil imparts an herbaceous aroma that is both invigorating and calming. It can blend well with other essential oils, such as lavender and bergamot, creating multi-dimensional scent profiles.
Texture and Color
One of the advantages of using this oil in soap making is that it does not significantly alter the color of the soap, allowing for greater creative freedom with dyes and pigments. It is also easily incorporated into various soap bases, offering versatility in formulation.
Though less commonly used in makeup, Dill Seed Essential Oil can be a unique addition to products like blushes or eyeshadows. Its potential skin-rejuvenating properties can enhance the effectiveness of these makeup products. When used in such applications, it’s important to ensure proper dilution to maintain skin safety.
In the realm of natural perfumery, Dill Seed Essential Oil serves as a compelling middle note. Its slightly spicy and herbaceous aroma complements both floral and citrus notes, providing an interesting complexity to natural perfumes.
Lip Balms and Salves
Another interesting cosmetic application is in lip care products. The oil can be incorporated into lip balms and salves to help soothe chapped or dry lips. Its potential hydrating and rejuvenating properties can make these lip care products more effective.
Dill Seed Essential Oil offers a fascinating blend of aromatic and functional benefits, making it a diverse and versatile ingredient. Whether you are a DIY enthusiast or a professional product formulator, this oil has a myriad of applications that can enrich your personal care routine or product line. The key to making the most of this essential oil is to source it responsibly and use it judiciously in your formulations.
Main Benefits of Dill Seed Essential Oil
Dill Seed Essential Oil, extracted from the seeds of the dill plant (Anethum graveolens), is known for its multifaceted benefits that extend well beyond its culinary usage. From personal care products to artisanal soap and cosmetics, the essential oil offers a range of functional and aromatic advantages. Below are some of the key benefits of incorporating Dill Seed Essential Oil into various applications.
One of the most noteworthy benefits of Dill Seed Essential Oil is its potential for skin rejuvenation. It is believed to have toning and tightening properties, which make it an effective ingredient in anti-aging creams, lotions, and serums. It can revitalize mature or sagging skin, giving it a more youthful and firm appearance.
In hair care formulations, Dill Seed Essential Oil has been suggested to stimulate the scalp, promoting healthier and more vibrant hair. It could be an effective component in shampoos, conditioners, and hair masks aimed at enhancing hair growth or combating dandruff and scalp irritation.
The unique scent profile of this essential oil offers aromatherapeutic benefits as well. When diffused, the herbaceous and slightly spicy aroma can create a calming and refreshing environment, which can be particularly beneficial for stress relief and relaxation.
In artisanal soaps, the distinct aroma of Dill Seed Essential Oil can add a layer of complexity and interest. It pairs well with a range of other essential oils, such as lavender and bergamot, allowing soap makers to create unique and captivating scent combinations. The oil can turn an ordinary soap into an aromatic experience.
When incorporated into soaps, Dill Seed Essential Oil may offer the added benefit of skin-friendly properties. Users often report a sense of skin revitalization and hydration after using soap that contains this essential oil, making it a valuable addition to any skin-care focused soap line.
Enhanced Makeup Products
In the cosmetic industry, the oil's potential skin benefits can add value to products like blushes or eyeshadows. Incorporating Dill Seed Essential Oil may not only enhance the product's aromatic appeal but also its functional effectiveness, particularly if the makeup is designed to offer skin care benefits as well.
The oil's unique aromatic characteristics make it an intriguing middle note in natural perfumes. Its ability to complement a wide range of scent profiles—from floral to citrus—adds complexity and depth to fragrances.
Lip Care Benefits
In lip balms and salves, Dill Seed Essential Oil can contribute to hydrating and soothing chapped or dry lips. Its potential skin-rejuvenating benefits may make these lip care products more effective in maintaining lip health.
From its skin-rejuvenating properties to its aromatic allure, Dill Seed Essential Oil offers a wealth of benefits that make it a versatile and valuable addition to personal care routines and product formulations. Its multiplicity of applications ensures that it can be a pivotal ingredient across various industries, enhancing both functional and sensory attributes.
Principal Constituents of Dill Seed Essential Oil
Dill Seed Essential Oil is derived from the seeds of the dill plant (Anethum graveolens), and it contains a variety of chemical constituents that contribute to its diverse range of properties and benefits. Understanding the principal constituents of the oil is crucial for both formulators and end-users, as it provides insights into its efficacy, safety, and potential applications.
One of the main constituents of Dill Seed Essential Oil is carvone, a monoterpene that is largely responsible for the oil's distinct aroma and potential therapeutic properties. Carvone is often associated with anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic effects, making it a noteworthy component for various personal care and cosmetic applications.
Limonene is another dominant compound found in Dill Seed Essential Oil. It has a citrusy aroma and is often cited for its potential antioxidant properties. Limonene is a common ingredient in a variety of aromatic blends and may contribute to the oil's overall uplifting and invigorating effects.
d-Alpha-Pinene and d-Gamma-3-Carene
Other constituents include d-alpha-pinene and d-gamma-3-carene, both of which have been researched for their potential anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. These compounds add to the oil's versatility, making it useful for skin care products and other personal care formulations.
Besides the major constituents, Dill Seed Essential Oil also contains a range of additional terpenes and aromatic compounds in smaller concentrations. These can include myrcene, camphor, and terpinen-4-ol, among others. Each of these contributes to the oil's complex aroma and potential therapeutic profile.
Understanding the principal constituents of Dill Seed Essential Oil is important for leveraging its full potential in various applications. From carvone's anti-inflammatory benefits to limonene's uplifting effects, each constituent plays a role in defining the oil's unique attributes. This knowledge can aid in more effective and targeted usage, whether in personal care, soap making, or cosmetic formulations.
Effects of Dill Seed Essential Oil on Pets
Essential oils are increasingly popular for a variety of uses, but it's crucial to consider their impact on pets, particularly dogs and cats, who may be more sensitive to certain compounds than humans. Dill Seed Essential Oil, extracted from the seeds of the dill plant (Anethum graveolens), is no exception. Here is an overview of how Dill Seed Essential Oil can affect pets.
While some essential oils are considered safe for topical or ambient use around pets, it's always best to consult a veterinarian before introducing any new substances into a pet's environment. Even oils deemed safe can trigger allergic reactions, and the compounds absorbed through the skin or inhaled can sometimes have adverse effects on a pet's health.
Though Dill Seed Essential Oil is not commonly listed as toxic to dogs and cats, caution should be exercised. Pets have different metabolic pathways than humans and what may be safe for humans may not be for animals. It's especially important to be cautious with cats, as they lack certain liver enzymes that help metabolize and eliminate substances, making them more susceptible to toxicity.
If you are considering using Dill Seed Essential Oil in a diffuser, take into account your pet's reaction to new scents. Some pets can find essential oils overwhelming or irritating. Be cautious with the concentration used, and ensure that the pet has the option to leave the room if the scent becomes overpowering.
Applying Dill Seed Essential Oil directly to a pet's skin is generally not recommended unless advised by a veterinarian. Pets often groom themselves, which means they could ingest the oil, and this can lead to digestive issues or internal toxicity.
While essential oils offer many benefits for humans, the same isn't always true for our four-legged friends. If you're considering using Dill Seed Essential Oil in an environment shared with pets, consult your veterinarian for guidance tailored to your pet's specific health status and needs. Always exercise extreme caution and pay close attention to your pet's behavior and health when introducing new substances into their environment.
Aromatherapy and Dill Seed Essential Oil
Dill Seed Essential Oil, with its distinct and aromatic scent, holds a valuable place in the realm of aromatherapy. Aromatherapists believe that the oil's unique properties contribute to both physical and emotional healing.
Calming and Relaxing Properties
Dill Seed Essential Oil is renowned for its calming and grounding effects on the mind. When diffused or inhaled, the herbaceous and slightly spicy aroma can help ease feelings of anxiety, stress, and tension. Many find it beneficial in creating a serene environment conducive to meditation or deep relaxation.
One of the most notable therapeutic benefits of Dill Seed Essential Oil in aromatherapy is its ability to support the digestive system. Its carminative properties help in alleviating symptoms of indigestion, flatulence, and stomach cramps. By simply inhaling the aroma or massaging a diluted blend onto the abdomen, individuals can tap into its soothing effects.
Revitalizing the Mind
Dill Seed Essential Oil is also believed to stimulate and revitalize the mind. Its invigorating scent can help combat mental fatigue, improve concentration, and promote clarity of thought. This makes it a favorable choice for workspaces and study areas.
The subtle sweet undertones of Dill Seed Essential Oil can offer emotional balancing effects. It's often used to dispel feelings of anger, overwhelm, or emotional stagnation, assisting in emotional well-being and harmony.
When incorporating Dill Seed Essential Oil into aromatherapy practices, it's essential to ensure it's of therapeutic grade and to use it judiciously, bearing in mind individual sensitivities and preferences. Its versatile range of benefits makes it a valuable addition to any aromatherapist's collection, providing a bridge between ancient traditions and modern holistic practices.
History of Dill Seed Essential Oil
The history of dill and its essential oil is rich and spans across various cultures and civilizations. Originating from the Mediterranean and Black Sea regions, dill has been a revered herb both for its culinary and medicinal uses.
In ancient Egypt, dill was used for both culinary purposes and religious rituals. It was often found in tombs, including the famous tomb of Amenhotep II, indicating its revered status in the society. The Greeks too held dill in high regard. They named the plant "Anethon" and used it as a symbol of wealth. In ancient Rome, dill was considered a sign of good luck and was commonly used to make wreaths and garlands for festivals.
Throughout history, dill and its essential oil have been associated with various medicinal benefits. The ancient Greeks believed that dill could cure hiccups and clear the mind. Meanwhile, the Romans believed that dill had fortifying properties and often consumed it before battles. In medieval Europe, dill was used to protect against witchcraft and enchantments.
The culinary uses of dill have also evolved over time. The spice was extensively used by the ancient Greeks and Romans in their cuisines. Its distinct flavor found its way into many traditional recipes, most notably in pickling. The trend continued, and by the Middle Ages, dill became an essential ingredient in many European dishes, a trend that continues to this day.
Today, dill seed essential oil is extracted from the mature seeds through steam distillation. The oil carries the herb's characteristic aroma and is a popular ingredient in aromatherapy, perfumery, and natural remedies, adding another chapter to its rich history.
The story of dill and its essential oil serves as a testament to the enduring human fascination with herbs and their multifaceted uses, weaving a tapestry of traditions, beliefs, and applications across centuries.
Additional Safety Concerns of Dill Seed Essential Oil
Dill Seed Essential Oil, like many essential oils, offers a variety of benefits when used appropriately. However, it's essential to be aware of the potential safety concerns to ensure its proper application and to avoid potential side effects.
Potential Skin Irritation
Direct application of Dill Seed Essential Oil on the skin can cause irritation in some individuals, especially if used in high concentrations or if the person has a sensitivity to the oil. It's always recommended to do a patch test before using it widely on the skin.
Some essential oils can make the skin more susceptible to ultraviolet rays, leading to quicker sunburn. It's crucial to be cautious about sun exposure after applying Dill Seed Essential Oil or products containing it to the skin.
Pregnancy and Nursing
Pregnant or nursing mothers should consult with a healthcare professional before using Dill Seed Essential Oil. There's limited research on its effects during pregnancy, but it's always better to err on the side of caution.
While Dill Seed Essential Oil can be used as a flavoring agent, it should not be consumed in large amounts or undiluted. Overconsumption can lead to digestive issues or other adverse reactions.
Interactions with Medications
It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider if you're on any medications before using Dill Seed Essential Oil. The oil might interact with some drugs or alter their efficacy.
Remember, the key to safely enjoying the benefits of Dill Seed Essential Oil, or any essential oil, is informed and moderate use. Always refer to guidelines provided by experts and relevant institutions.
What is the Source of Dill and Dill Seed?
Dill and dill seed both come from the same plant, known botanically as Anethum graveolens. Dill generally refers to the feathery green leaves, while dill seed refers to the dried seeds of the plant.
How Do the Aromas of Dill and Dill Seed Differ?
The aroma of dill leaves is often described as fresh and slightly anise-like, with a hint of lemony zest. Dill seed, on the other hand, has a more pungent and concentrated aroma, with a slightly earthy, spicy undertone. Both have distinct aromatic profiles, making them valuable for different applications outside the culinary world, such as in perfumery and aromatherapy.
What are the Chemical Constituents of Dill and Dill Seed?
The chemical composition of dill leaves and dill seed can differ significantly. While dill leaves are rich in volatile oils like phellandrene, dill seed often contains a higher concentration of carvone and limonene. These variations in chemical constituents result in different functional properties and applications.
Are There Differences in Shelf Life?
Yes, there are differences in shelf life between dill leaves and dill seeds. Dill leaves are perishable and sensitive to moisture and heat. They are often stored in the refrigerator to prolong their freshness. Dill seeds are dried and have a much longer shelf life, making them easier to store for extended periods. This also makes dill seed more suitable for applications that require long-term storage, such as personal care products or soap-making supplies.
What are the Uses of Dill and Dill Seed in Personal Care and Cosmetics?
Dill leaves are generally less commonly used in personal care and cosmetics due to their perishable nature. Dill seed, however, finds its way into a variety of products like essential oils, lotions, and soaps. Dill Seed Essential Oil, for instance, is popular in skin care formulations for its potential anti-aging benefits, and in aromatherapy for its distinct scent profile.
Dill and dill seed offer different advantages due to their varying chemical compositions, aromas, and shelf lives. While both come from the same plant, their distinct characteristics make them suitable for different applications, particularly in the fields of personal care, aromatherapy, and cosmetics.
The Artisan's Choice for Soap and Cosmetic Ingredients
In the expansive world of online retail, there exists a unique niche for hobbyists and professionals alike: soap and cosmetic making. One standout in this niche is our store, SoapGoods.com.
SoapGoods is an online-only retailer that has carved out a space in the market by catering to the specific needs of those passionate about handcrafted soap, skincare, and cosmetics. Offering an array of high-quality ingredients and supplies, SoapGoods aims to be a one-stop-shop for everything needed to create personal care items, from the basic to the most intricate.
The product range at SoapGoods is vast and encompasses a wide variety of categories. Here are some of the main ones:
- Oils and Butters: Fundamental to soap-making, oils and butters like olive oil pomace, coconut oil 76, shea butter refined, and cocoa butter natural provide the base for many formulations. Each oil or butter possesses unique properties, be it moisturizing capabilities, lathering quality, or hardness.
- Essential Oils and Fragrance Oils: To give handmade soaps and cosmetics their distinctive scents, SoapGoods offers a diverse selection of essential oils derived from natural plants and fragrance oils which are more complex, synthetic scents.
- Additives: From natural clays and botanicals to exfoliating agents like pumice and walnut shell, these additives help enhance the texture, appearance, and benefits of the final product.
- Colorants: SoapGoods provides a range of pigments, dyes, and micas, allowing crafters to achieve the perfect hue for their creations.
- Molds and Equipment: Beyond ingredients, SoapGoods stocks a variety of tools and equipment. Silicone molds, thermometers, pH testers, and more ensure that hobbyists and professionals can craft their products with precision.
- Packaging Supplies: For those looking to sell or gift their creations, the store offers an assortment of packaging materials, including bottles, jars and shrink wraps.
Quality and Sourcing
One of the standout features of SoapGoods is its commitment to quality. Many products are sourced to ensure they are non-GMO, and from reputable sources. After 20 years in the industry, we have been able to find the highest quality sources at fair prices. This dedication to quality resonates with a clientele that values natural and ethical ingredients.
Shopping on SoapGoods.com is a seamless experience. The site is intuitively designed, making product searches straightforward. Clear product descriptions, accompanied by high-resolution images, make it easier for shoppers to discern the right products for their needs. Moreover, the site often features customer reviews, which offer insights and real-world experiences with the products.
Shipping and Customer Service
With efficient shipping options and the fastest shipping in the industry, SoapGoods ensures that customers receive their orders in a timely manner. Their commitment to customer satisfaction is also evident in their attentive customer service, ready to address any queries or concerns.
FedEx Delivery Map
USPS Delivery Map
Typical Delivery Times to Major US Cities
|Major Cities||Total Business Days +1 / -1|
|Alabama (AL) - Montgomery, Birmingham||1|
|Alaska (AK) - Juneau, Anchorage||7|
|Arizona (AZ) - Phoenix, Tucson||4|
|Arkansas (AR) - Little Rock, Fayetteville||2|
|California (CA) - Sacramento, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Sacramento, San Jose||4|
|Colorado (CO) - Denver, Colorado Springs||3|
|Connecticut (CT) - Hartford, New Haven||2|
|Delaware (DE) - Dover, Wilmington, Newark||2|
|Florida (FL) - Tallahassee, Orlando, Miami, Jacksonville, Tampa, Destin||2|
|Georgia (GA) - Atlanta, Savannah, Augusta, Athens||1|
|Hawaii (HI) - Honolulu, Kailua||7|
|Idaho (ID) - Boise, Coeur d'Alene||4|
|Illinois (IL) - Springfield, Chicago, Peoria, Rockford||2|
|Indiana (IN) - Indianapolis, Fort Wayne||2|
|Iowa (IA) - Des Moines, Cedar Rapids||2|
|Kansas (KS) - Topeka, Wichita, Kansas City||2|
|Kentucky (KY) - Frankfort, Louisville, Lexington||2|
|Louisiana (LA) - Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Lafayette||2|
|Maine (ME) - Augusta, Portland, Bangor||3|
|Maryland (MD) - Annapolis, Baltimore||2|
|Massachusetts (MA) - Boston, Cambridge, Worcester||2|
|Michigan (MI) - Lansing, Detroit, Grand Rapids||2|
|Minnesota (MN) - St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth||3|
|Mississippi (MS) - Jackson, Biloxi, Hattiesburg||1|
|Missouri (MO) - Jefferson City, St Louis, Kansas City||2|
|Montana (MT) - Helena, Billings||4|
|Nebraska (NE) - Lincoln, Omaha||2|
|Nevada (NV) - Carson City, Las Vegas, Reno||4|
|New Hampshire (NH) - Concord, Manchester, Portsmouth||2|
|New Jersey (NJ) - Trenton, Newark, Jersey City||2|
|New Mexico (NM) - Santa Fe, Alburquerque||3|
|New York (NY) - Albany, New York, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany, Syracuse, Niagara Falls, Ithaca||3|
|North Carolina (NC) - Raleigh, Charlotte||2|
|North Dakota (ND) - Bismarck, Fargo||3|
|Ohio (OH) - Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati||2|
|Oklahoma (OK) - Oklahoma City, Fairview,||2|
|Oregon (OR) - Salem, Portland, Eugene||5|
|Pennsylvania (PA) - Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh||2|
|Rhode Island (RI) - Providence, Newport||2|
|South Carolina (SC) - Columbia, Charleston||1|
|South Dakota (SD) - Pierre, Sioux Falls, Rapid City||3|
|Tennessee (TN) - Nashville, Memphis||2|
|Texas (TX) - Austin, Houston, Dallas||3|
|Utah (UT) - Salt Lake City, St. George||3|
|Vermont (VT) - Montpelier, Burlington||3|
|Virginia (VA) - Richmond, Virginia Beach||2|
|Washington (WA) - Olympia, Seattle, Vancouver, Spokane||5|
|West Virginia (WV) - Charleston, Morgantown||2|
|Wisconsin (WI) - Madison, Milwaukee||2|
|Wyoming (WY) - Cheyenne, Jackson||4|
Disclaimer: All product descriptions and specifications provided in this description are intended as a guide only and are subject to change without notice. While we strive for accuracy, discrepancies or errors may be present. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
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