About Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil
- Synonyms: Thuja Oil, White Cedar Leaf Oil, Arborvitae Oil, Eastern White Cedar Oil, Northern White Cedar Oil, American Arborvitae Oil, Eastern Arborvitae Oil
- Botanical Name: Thuja occidentalis
- Origin: Canada
- Plant Part: Leaves
- Plant Description: Cedar Leaf Oil is made from the northern white cedar tree, a small-sized, averaging 12 m (40 ft) high, evergreen. The crown is conical, dense, layered and compact with arching branches. The trunk is strongly tapered, often gnarled with thin red-brown bark. The branchlets are yellowish-green, clad in sheathing foliage, forming flat, fan-shaped sprays.
- Extraction Method: Steam Distilled
- Aromatic Fragrance: Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil has an intensely sharp and fresh with a woody camphor scent.
- Aromatic Strength: Strong
- Note: Top
- Blends Well with: Armoise, Cedarwood, Citrus Oils, Lavender, Pine Needle.
- Consistency: Thin
- Natural: This essential oil is from a natural source
- Color: Colorless to pale yellow clear liquid.
- Packaging: The 1/2 Oz, 2 Oz and 4 Oz each come in a single amber bottle. The 1 Lb size is in a steel canister, 10 Lb is either a single steel can or several steel canisters
Usage / Benefits
- Industries: Personal Care Products, Cosmetic Manufacturing, Soap Making, Aromatherapy, Perfumery, Incense Manufacturing, Home Cleaning Products, Pest Control, Spa and Wellness, Pet Care Products
- Applications: Aromatherapy, topical treatments for warts and skin tags, traditional medicine practices, fragrance in cosmetics and soaps, purification rituals.
- Benefits: Antimicrobial Properties, Skin Soothing Effects, Anti-inflammatory Benefits, Astringent Qualities, Deodorizing Action, Mood Enhancing, Respiratory Support, Hair Health, Natural Bug Repellent, Stress Reduction, Wound Healing, Antifungal Properties
- Products Uses: Skin Care Formulations, Hair Care Products, Massage Oils, Bath Oils, Scented Candles, Room Sprays, Air Fresheners, Potpourri, Reed Diffusers, Natural Deodorants, Bug Repellents, Balms and Salves, Roll-Ons, Perfumes, Incense Sticks, Diffuser Blends, Cleaning Solutions
- Storage: Cool, dark dry area, air tight container preferred
- Safety: Generally safe, however keep out of eyes and do not eat.
- Cautions: Not for ingestion, keep away from pets and children who may attempt to eat.
- External Use Only: Even if food grade, we do not provide items for ingestion, all of our items are for external use only.
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil, often referred to as Thuja Occidentalis, is distilled from the leaves of the cedar tree. The aroma is fresh, green, and somewhat balsamic, offering a unique scent that is both invigorating and calming. This oil has a rich history and diverse range of applications, particularly in the fields of personal care, soap making, and cosmetic formulation. It is considered one of the more potent essential oils, which underscores the importance of proper usage and dilution.
How is Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil Extracted?
The oil is primarily extracted through the process of steam distillation. In this method, fresh or dried cedar leaves are exposed to steam, which releases the essential oil contained within the plant material. The steam and oil are then condensed, and the oil is separated from the water. This process ensures that the essential oil retains most of its beneficial properties, making it potent and effective for various applications.
What Sets It Apart?
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is often confused with other types of cedar oils like Atlas or Virginia Cedarwood, but it's important to note that these oils are distinctly different in both chemical composition and usage. While other cedar oils are generally woodsy and warm, Cedar Leaf Thuja has a unique, almost medicinal aroma.
Applications in Personal Care
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil has a variety of applications in the realm of personal care. Below are some of the most notable ones:
This oil is often used in skincare formulations due to its rejuvenating and soothing properties. When diluted appropriately, it can be used in lotions, creams, and balms to promote healthy-looking skin.
Scalp and Hair Care
Its antiseptic properties make it a beneficial ingredient in shampoos and scalp treatments. However, due to its potency, it should be used in moderation and always diluted.
With its unique aroma, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is often used as a middle note in perfumery. It blends well with other oils like lavender, pine, and citrus, creating a complex fragrance profile.
Applications in Soap Making
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is also a popular choice in soap making. Its robust scent and beneficial skin properties make it a desirable addition to artisan soaps.
Its aroma provides a natural scenting option, giving the finished soap product a fresh and invigorating smell. Its scent tends to linger, which makes it a popular choice among soap makers.
While the oil itself is usually clear to pale yellow, it can influence the color of the soap depending on the other ingredients used. Therefore, it's important to conduct a patch test to determine how the oil will interact with other ingredients in your soap recipe.
Applications in Cosmetics
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is increasingly being incorporated into cosmetic products.
When combined with other carrier oils, it can serve as a gentle and effective makeup remover.
Its astringent properties make it a good addition to facial toners. However, due to its potency, it should be used in very low concentrations.
Precautions and Safety
Given its potency, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil should be used with care. It should always be diluted before topical application and should be avoided during pregnancy or while nursing. Additionally, a patch test is recommended to check for any skin sensitivities.
In conclusion, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is a versatile and potent oil with a range of applications in personal care, soap making, and cosmetics. However, it should be used responsibly and with an understanding of its powerful properties.
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil its Uses
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is derived from the leaves of the Thuja occidentalis tree, commonly known as the Northern White Cedar or Eastern Arborvitae. This coniferous tree, native to the northeastern part of North America, has been traditionally utilized by the indigenous people for various medicinal and spiritual purposes. The essential oil extracted from its leaves carries a distinctive, sharp, and fresh aroma reminiscent of the outdoors.
Traditional Uses of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil
The Native American tribes held the Thuja tree in high regard and used various parts of it, including the leaves, for medicinal and spiritual practices. The essential oil was known to address ailments such as coughs, fevers, and headaches. Beyond the realm of physical well-being, it was also used in spiritual rituals to cleanse the environment and ward off negative energies.
Skincare and Beauty Applications
Many essential oils are known for their beneficial effects on the skin, and Cedar Leaf Thuja is no exception. It's renowned for its skin-rejuvenating properties, making it a favored ingredient in many skincare products. The oil can help improve the appearance of blemishes, support skin health, and impart a radiant glow. However, due to its potency, it's essential to dilute it with a carrier oil before direct skin application.
Aromatherapy and Well-being
In the realm of aromatherapy, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is cherished for its calming and grounding effects. Its woody and sharp aroma helps reduce stress, anxiety, and mental fatigue. When diffused, it can create an atmosphere of serenity, making it ideal for meditation sessions or relaxation routines at the end of a long day.
Combining the therapeutic benefits of massage with the potent properties of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil can yield remarkable results. The oil can be mixed with a carrier oil and used in massage sessions to relieve muscle tension, reduce stress, and promote overall well-being.
Natural essential oils are becoming increasingly popular as an alternative to chemical-based insect repellents. Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is known to repel insects, particularly mosquitoes, making it a handy tool during the warmer months. It can be used in sprays, lotions, or diffusers to keep those pesky bugs at bay.
Deodorizer and Cleaner
The fresh and sharp scent of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil acts as a natural deodorizer. Adding a few drops to cleaning solutions or diffusing it can help neutralize unpleasant odors in homes or offices. Moreover, its antimicrobial properties can augment household cleaning routines, providing both cleanliness and a delightful aroma.
Like all essential oils, it's vital to use Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil with care. Always conduct a patch test before applying it directly to the skin to ensure no allergic reactions. Pregnant or nursing mothers and individuals with specific health conditions should consult with a healthcare professional before using this essential oil. Furthermore, it's essential to remember that Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil should not be ingested.
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is a versatile oil with a rich history rooted in traditional practices. From skincare and aromatherapy to household applications, its uses are diverse. Its refreshing aroma, combined with its various benefits, makes it a valuable addition to one's collection of essential oils. However, as with all potent substances, it should be used responsibly, ensuring that all safety guidelines are adhered to.
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil its Benefits
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil, derived from the leaves of the Thuja occidentalis tree, has been traditionally recognized for its multitude of benefits. Its unique composition, paired with its aromatic properties, renders it a favorite in various holistic practices. In this context, we will delve into the prominent benefits of this potent essential oil.
Skin Health and Rejuvenation
One of the prime benefits of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is its potential in skincare. Known to support skin vitality, it can be:
- Antibacterial: Its natural antibacterial properties can help combat harmful skin bacteria, thus preventing or reducing acne and other bacterial-related skin conditions.
- Skin toning: It aids in tightening the skin, reducing the appearance of pores and giving a youthful complexion.
- Hydrating: In diluted form, it can moisturize the skin, helping to combat dryness and flakiness.
Essential oils play a pivotal role in aromatherapy, and Cedar Leaf Thuja is no exception:
- Relaxation: Its aroma, when diffused, can promote a calm and soothing atmosphere, beneficial for reducing stress and anxiety.
- Mental clarity: The sharpness of its scent can invigorate the mind, enhancing focus and clarity.
- Grounding: It aids in emotional grounding, providing balance during turbulent emotional times.
Historically, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil has been utilized for respiratory support:
- Expectorant: It helps in loosening phlegm and mucus in the respiratory tracts, which can be beneficial for those with colds or bronchitis.
- Breathing aid: When inhaled in vapor form, it can help clear nasal passages and ease breathing.
- Cough relief: Its soothing properties can provide temporary relief from persistent coughing.
Natural Insect Repellant
The oil's potent aroma can deter insects, making it a natural alternative to chemical repellents:
- Ward off mosquitoes: Its scent can repel mosquitoes, reducing the chances of mosquito-borne diseases.
- Protection from moths: When placed in wardrobes or drawers, it can deter moths from damaging clothes.
Its inherent antimicrobial properties make it a formidable opponent against germs:
- Fights off bacteria: Its antibacterial nature helps in reducing the risk of infections and can be used in cleaning routines.
- Antifungal: It can deter fungal growth, aiding in the prevention of conditions like athlete's foot.
Joint and Muscle Support
Due to its warming properties, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil has been employed in massage therapies:
- Relieves muscle tension: When used in massages, it can alleviate muscle stiffness and tension.
- Joint pain relief: It can soothe sore joints, making it beneficial for those with joint pain or arthritis when used in a diluted form.
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil boasts an array of benefits, from skin rejuvenation to respiratory support and beyond. Its diverse properties render it a versatile oil, suitable for multiple applications. However, its potency calls for cautious usage. Diluting it appropriately and ensuring no allergic reactions ensures its benefits are harnessed safely. As with any essential oil, always consult with a professional or expert before incorporating it into your routine.
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil the Principal Constitutents
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil, derived from the Thuja occidentalis tree, is revered not just for its aromatic potency but also for its complex chemical makeup. These chemical constituents are what confer the oil's distinct properties and potential therapeutic benefits. Let's delve into the major components of this unique essential oil.
One of the predominant components of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is thujone. This ketone is partly responsible for the characteristic scent of the oil. More than its aromatic contribution, thujone is known for its neurotoxic effects, which is why the oil should be used with caution and preferably under expert guidance.
Alpha-pinene and beta-pinene, the two isomeric forms of pinene, are present in this oil. Pinene is known for its sharp, refreshing pine-like aroma. Beyond its scent, it exhibits anti-inflammatory properties and may assist in respiratory function when inhaled.
Fenchone is another ketone found in Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil. It imparts a slightly spicy and camphoraceous note to the oil's aroma. Its presence might contribute to the oil's potential benefits in skin and respiratory care.
This ester contributes a balsamic undertone to the oil's scent profile. Known for its soothing properties, bornyl acetate can be a reason behind the oil's utility in calming and relaxation blends.
Terpineol gives a lilac nuance to the oil's scent. Apart from its aromatic importance, it has been recognized for its antibacterial properties, which may bolster the oil's potential in skincare and microbial defense.
The synergy of these constituents within Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil determines its aroma, potency, and potential therapeutic benefits. Recognizing these compounds can offer insights into the oil's applications and its effects on the human body. As with all essential oils, it's imperative to respect its potency and seek guidance on its usage, especially given the presence of constituents like thujone.
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil and Pets
Pets, much like humans, can be sensitive to essential oils, and their reactions can be more pronounced due to their heightened sense of smell and different metabolic processes. Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil, derived from the Thuja occidentalis tree, has specific properties and constituents that can impact pets in various ways.
Is Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil Safe for Pets?
Generally, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is not recommended for use on or around pets, particularly cats and dogs. One of the primary reasons is the presence of thujone, a major constituent in this oil. Thujone can be neurotoxic and could pose serious health risks if ingested or even if absorbed in significant amounts through the skin.
Due to its strong aroma, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil can cause respiratory distress in pets, especially if diffused in an enclosed space. Symptoms might include sneezing, coughing, or difficulty breathing. It's crucial to ensure proper ventilation if you're using the oil in an area where your pets frequent.
Topical application or even casual contact with Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil can cause skin irritations in pets. You might notice redness, itching, or swelling on the skin. It's essential always to store essential oils out of reach and avoid using them on areas where pets might lick or touch.
If ingested, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil can be toxic to pets. Signs of poisoning could include drooling, vomiting, tremors, or even seizures. If you suspect your pet has ingested any essential oil, it's imperative to contact a veterinarian immediately.
If you're an essential oil enthusiast and a pet owner, it's essential to strike a balance. Always consult with a veterinarian before introducing any essential oil into an environment with pets. While some essential oils might offer benefits, the safety and well-being of your furry friends should always be a top priority.
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil and Aromatherapy
While Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is not as commonly found in mainstream aromatherapy as some other essential oils, it does have a unique aromatic profile and specific therapeutic properties that can be beneficial in certain contexts. Here's a look at some of the aromatherapy aspects of this essential oil.
Unique Aromatic Profile
The scent of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is distinctive—often described as fresh, woody, and somewhat camphoraceous. This unique aroma can be grounding and calming, which is why it sometimes finds its way into meditation and stress-relief blends.
The aromatic compounds in Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil are believed to have mood-enhancing properties. While research is still inconclusive, anecdotal evidence suggests that its aroma could help relieve stress and anxiety, promoting a sense of relaxation and well-being.
Another advantage of using Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil in aromatherapy is its ability to blend well with various other oils. It pairs well with citrus oils like lemon or orange, as well as with floral oils like lavender. This makes it a versatile option for creating complex aromatic blends aimed at achieving specific emotional or psychological outcomes.
Caution and Usage
It's important to note that Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil contains certain components that can be highly potent and even toxic in excessive amounts. Therefore, if you're considering incorporating it into your aromatherapy practice, it's essential to consult a qualified aromatherapist and follow all safety guidelines. This oil should never be ingested and should be diluted properly when used topically or diffused.
In summary, while Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil may not be a staple in traditional aromatherapy, it does offer unique aromatic and potential therapeutic properties that can complement various holistic health practices.
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil the History
The history of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is deeply entwined with various cultures and traditional medicine practices around the world. Originating from the leaves of the Thuja tree, this essential oil has a rich historical background that stretches back centuries.
Native American Usage
Long before modern distillation processes were developed, indigenous people in North America were already utilizing the Thuja tree for its medicinal and spiritual properties. Native American tribes used various parts of the Thuja tree, including the leaves, to treat ailments such as respiratory issues and skin conditions.
Traditional Chinese Medicine
The Thuja tree, native to both North America and East Asia, also holds a significant place in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). In TCM, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil was considered a potent remedy for various issues like stagnant energy and bodily imbalances.
As explorers from Europe ventured into the New World, they encountered the Thuja tree and learned about its uses from the native tribes. The knowledge was carried back to Europe, where the Thuja tree and its essential oil started to gain recognition for their medicinal and therapeutic properties. Eventually, it was introduced into herbalism and early pharmaceutical practices in Europe.
In today's world, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil has expanded its reach beyond traditional medicine. With advances in distillation technology, it's now commonly used in various applications like cosmetics, soaps, and other personal care products. However, it's essential to note that while the oil's applications have diversified, its potent properties remain consistent, requiring careful handling and usage.
The history of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is a testament to its enduring relevance and potency. As modern science continues to study its properties and potential applications, the oil's traditional roots provide a rich tapestry of cultural and medicinal importance that adds to its intrigue and allure.
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil - Additional Safety
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is highly potent, and therefore, it brings about a set of safety concerns that users must be aware of to use it responsibly and safely. Here are some crucial safety aspects to consider:
Concentration and Dilution
Due to its high potency, this essential oil must be diluted before application to the skin. Undiluted use may cause irritation or allergic reactions. Usually, it is diluted with a carrier oil like jojoba, almond, or olive oil for topical applications.
Some users may experience photosensitivity after topical application. Although it's not extremely common with this oil, it's still best to avoid direct sun exposure for a significant period after applying any product containing Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil.
Pregnancy and Nursing
It is generally advised to avoid using this essential oil during pregnancy and breastfeeding due to its potency and the lack of sufficient studies on its effects in these conditions.
Use of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is generally not recommended for children, particularly those under the age of 2, due to the high likelihood of skin sensitization and the potential for other adverse effects.
Though rare, there could be possible drug interactions when using Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil, particularly if you are on medication for diabetes, high blood pressure, or anticoagulants. Always consult your healthcare provider for a comprehensive understanding of possible interactions.
This oil should not be ingested without the guidance of a healthcare professional due to its high concentration of active compounds.
Inhalation of this oil in high concentrations could lead to respiratory issues. Always make sure to diffuse it in well-ventilated areas and keep the duration limited.
As with any potent essential oil, a patch test is highly recommended to rule out any allergic reactions or skin sensitivities. This should be your first step before incorporating it into any personal care routine.
Is Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil Effective Against Insects?
Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil, derived from the Thuja occidentalis tree, is often cited for its aromatic and therapeutic properties. One of its lesser-known benefits is its potential to act as an insect repellent.
What Properties Does Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil Possess?
The oil has a unique and potent aroma, which can be attributed to its rich composition of chemical compounds. Some of these compounds are known to deter insects, making the oil a natural repellent.
How Does It Work Against Insects?
The strong aroma of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is believed to interfere with the scent-tracking abilities of many insects. This can make it harder for them to locate their targets. Additionally, certain compounds within the oil may be repulsive to some insects, further deterring them from coming closer.
Is It Safe to Use Around the Home?
While Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is natural, it's always advisable to use any essential oil with caution. When used in appropriate dilutions and applications, it can be a safe alternative to chemical repellents. However, it's essential to ensure that it doesn't come in direct contact with sensitive areas, and always conduct a patch test before applying it on larger areas. Always keep essential oils out of the reach of children and pets.
What Are Other Uses of Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil?
Beyond its potential insect-repelling properties, Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil is often used in aromatherapy for relaxation and stress relief. It has also been traditionally used in some cultures for its potential medicinal properties, including supporting respiratory health and skin conditions.
Are There Better Alternatives for Insect Repellent?
While Cedar Leaf Thuja Essential Oil can be an effective natural repellent for some people and situations, its effectiveness might vary based on individual preferences and specific insect species. Other essential oils like eucalyptus, lavender, and lemon eucalyptus might also serve as effective insect repellents. It's beneficial to try a combination or blend of oils to see what works best for your specific needs.
The Artisan's Choice for Soap and Cosmetic Ingredients
In the expansive world of online retail, there exists a unique niche for hobbyists and professionals alike: soap and cosmetic making. One standout in this niche is our store, SoapGoods.com.
SoapGoods is an online-only retailer that has carved out a space in the market by catering to the specific needs of those passionate about handcrafted soap, skincare, and cosmetics. Offering an array of high-quality ingredients and supplies, SoapGoods aims to be a one-stop-shop for everything needed to create personal care items, from the basic to the most intricate.
The product range at SoapGoods is vast and encompasses a wide variety of categories. Here are some of the main ones:
- Oils and Butters: Fundamental to soap-making, oils and butters like olive oil pomace, coconut oil 76, shea butter refined, and cocoa butter natural provide the base for many formulations. Each oil or butter possesses unique properties, be it moisturizing capabilities, lathering quality, or hardness.
- Essential Oils and Fragrance Oils: To give handmade soaps and cosmetics their distinctive scents, SoapGoods offers a diverse selection of essential oils derived from natural plants and fragrance oils which are more complex, synthetic scents.
- Additives: From natural clays and botanicals to exfoliating agents like pumice and walnut shell, these additives help enhance the texture, appearance, and benefits of the final product.
- Colorants: SoapGoods provides a range of pigments, dyes, and micas, allowing crafters to achieve the perfect hue for their creations.
- Molds and Equipment: Beyond ingredients, SoapGoods stocks a variety of tools and equipment. Silicone molds, thermometers, pH testers, and more ensure that hobbyists and professionals can craft their products with precision.
- Packaging Supplies: For those looking to sell or gift their creations, the store offers an assortment of packaging materials, including bottles, jars and shrink wraps.
Quality and Sourcing
One of the standout features of SoapGoods is its commitment to quality. Many products are sourced to ensure they are non-GMO, and from reputable sources. After 20 years in the industry, we have been able to find the highest quality sources at fair prices. This dedication to quality resonates with a clientele that values natural and ethical ingredients.
Shopping on SoapGoods.com is a seamless experience. The site is intuitively designed, making product searches straightforward. Clear product descriptions, accompanied by high-resolution images, make it easier for shoppers to discern the right products for their needs. Moreover, the site often features customer reviews, which offer insights and real-world experiences with the products.
Shipping and Customer Service
With efficient shipping options and the fastest shipping in the industry, SoapGoods ensures that customers receive their orders in a timely manner. Their commitment to customer satisfaction is also evident in their attentive customer service, ready to address any queries or concerns.
FedEx Delivery Map
USPS Delivery Map
Typical Delivery Times to Major US Cities
|Major Cities||Total Business Days +1 / -1|
|Alabama (AL) - Montgomery, Birmingham||1|
|Alaska (AK) - Juneau, Anchorage||7|
|Arizona (AZ) - Phoenix, Tucson||4|
|Arkansas (AR) - Little Rock, Fayetteville||2|
|California (CA) - Sacramento, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Sacramento, San Jose||4|
|Colorado (CO) - Denver, Colorado Springs||3|
|Connecticut (CT) - Hartford, New Haven||2|
|Delaware (DE) - Dover, Wilmington, Newark||2|
|Florida (FL) - Tallahassee, Orlando, Miami, Jacksonville, Tampa, Destin||2|
|Georgia (GA) - Atlanta, Savannah, Augusta, Athens||1|
|Hawaii (HI) - Honolulu, Kailua||7|
|Idaho (ID) - Boise, Coeur d'Alene||4|
|Illinois (IL) - Springfield, Chicago, Peoria, Rockford||2|
|Indiana (IN) - Indianapolis, Fort Wayne||2|
|Iowa (IA) - Des Moines, Cedar Rapids||2|
|Kansas (KS) - Topeka, Wichita, Kansas City||2|
|Kentucky (KY) - Frankfort, Louisville, Lexington||2|
|Louisiana (LA) - Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Lafayette||2|
|Maine (ME) - Augusta, Portland, Bangor||3|
|Maryland (MD) - Annapolis, Baltimore||2|
|Massachusetts (MA) - Boston, Cambridge, Worcester||2|
|Michigan (MI) - Lansing, Detroit, Grand Rapids||2|
|Minnesota (MN) - St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth||3|
|Mississippi (MS) - Jackson, Biloxi, Hattiesburg||1|
|Missouri (MO) - Jefferson City, St Louis, Kansas City||2|
|Montana (MT) - Helena, Billings||4|
|Nebraska (NE) - Lincoln, Omaha||2|
|Nevada (NV) - Carson City, Las Vegas, Reno||4|
|New Hampshire (NH) - Concord, Manchester, Portsmouth||2|
|New Jersey (NJ) - Trenton, Newark, Jersey City||2|
|New Mexico (NM) - Santa Fe, Alburquerque||3|
|New York (NY) - Albany, New York, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany, Syracuse, Niagara Falls, Ithaca||3|
|North Carolina (NC) - Raleigh, Charlotte||2|
|North Dakota (ND) - Bismarck, Fargo||3|
|Ohio (OH) - Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati||2|
|Oklahoma (OK) - Oklahoma City, Fairview,||2|
|Oregon (OR) - Salem, Portland, Eugene||5|
|Pennsylvania (PA) - Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh||2|
|Rhode Island (RI) - Providence, Newport||2|
|South Carolina (SC) - Columbia, Charleston||1|
|South Dakota (SD) - Pierre, Sioux Falls, Rapid City||3|
|Tennessee (TN) - Nashville, Memphis||2|
|Texas (TX) - Austin, Houston, Dallas||3|
|Utah (UT) - Salt Lake City, St. George||3|
|Vermont (VT) - Montpelier, Burlington||3|
|Virginia (VA) - Richmond, Virginia Beach||2|
|Washington (WA) - Olympia, Seattle, Vancouver, Spokane||5|
|West Virginia (WV) - Charleston, Morgantown||2|
|Wisconsin (WI) - Madison, Milwaukee||2|
|Wyoming (WY) - Cheyenne, Jackson||4|
Disclaimer: All product descriptions and specifications provided in this description are intended as a guide only and are subject to change without notice. While we strive for accuracy, discrepancies or errors may be present. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.