About Caraway Essential Oil
- Synonyms: Carum carvi oil, Caraway seed oil, Caraway oil
- Botanical Name: Carum carvi
- Origin: Egypt
- Plant Part: Seeds
- Plant Description:
- Extraction Method: Steam Distilled
- Aromatic Fragrance: Caraway Essential Oil has a sweet spicy odor with a slight peppery smell.
- Aromatic Strength: Strong
- Note: Middle
- Blends Well with:
- Consistency: Light
- Natural: This essential oil is from a natural source
- Color: Colorless to pale yellow clear liquid.
- Packaging: The 1/2 Oz, 2 Oz and 4 Oz each come in a single amber bottle. The 1 Lb size is in a steel canister, 10 Lb is either a single steel can or several steel canisters
Usage / Benefits
- Industries: Aromatherapy, Cosmetic, Food & Beverage, Pharmaceutical, Perfumery, Herbal medicine, Nutritional supplements.
- Applications: Digestive aid, Fragrance in soaps and cosmetics, Flavoring in food and beverages, Ingredient in cough remedies, Massage oil blends, Aromatic diffusions.
- Benefits: Digestive support, Relief from menstrual cramps, Antispasmodic properties, Antibacterial activity, Mucolytic properties (helps in breaking down mucus), Antioxidant properties, Stress relief through aromatherapy.
- Products Uses: Flavoring in bakery products, Ingredient in skin care creams, Ingredient in aromatic candles, Additive in herbal teas, Ingredient in massage oils, Component in certain cough syrups, Blends in perfumes.
- Storage: Cool, dark dry area, air tight container preferred
- Safety: Generally safe, however keep out of eyes and do not eat.
- Cautions: Not for ingestion, keep away from pets and children who may attempt to eat.
- External Use Only: Even if food grade, we do not provide items for ingestion, all of our items are for external use only.
Caraway Essential Oil
Caraway essential oil is a potent natural substance derived from the seeds of the Carum carvi plant, a member of the Apiaceae family. This aromatic oil has been a staple in traditional remedies for centuries, but it has also found a modern home in the world of personal care, soap making, and cosmetics. Its unique combination of chemical constituents provides a variety of benefits that make it a versatile addition to your personal care regimen.
Source and Extraction
The caraway plant is native to Western Asia, Europe, and North Africa. The essential oil is primarily extracted through steam distillation of the seeds, which are harvested once the plant has matured. The resulting oil is a pale yellow to amber liquid with a warm, spicy, and slightly peppery aroma that can be both invigorating and comforting.
The efficacy of caraway essential oil in personal care applications can be attributed to its rich chemical composition. Its primary constituents include carvone and limonene, among others, which are known for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties. These components contribute to the oil's multi-faceted benefits.
Use in Skin Care
Caraway essential oil is often used in skincare products due to its soothing and nourishing effects. Its antimicrobial properties make it a valuable ingredient in cleansers and acne treatments, while its anti-inflammatory qualities can help to reduce redness and irritation. Additionally, the antioxidant properties of the oil help fight free radicals, thereby contributing to anti-aging effects.
Blends and Dilutions
When used in skin care formulations, caraway essential oil blends well with oils like lavender, rosemary, and bergamot. It's essential to dilute caraway oil with a carrier oil like jojoba or almond oil to prevent skin irritation.
Hair Care Applications
Caraway oil is a hidden gem in the realm of hair care. Its stimulating properties can encourage blood flow to the scalp, which in turn promotes hair growth. Its moisturizing properties help to soften hair, making it an excellent addition to conditioners and hair masks.
Applications in Soap Making
In the soap-making world, caraway essential oil is highly prized for its aromatic properties. The unique, spicy scent offers a refreshing note to soap bars, making them stand out. Additionally, the oil’s antimicrobial and astringent properties can make the soap more effective for cleansing.
Use in Other Personal Care Products
Beyond soap and skincare, caraway essential oil can also be found in toothpaste, mouthwash, and lotions. Its natural antibacterial qualities make it effective in oral care products, while its soothing and moisturizing effects are perfect for body lotions.
Aromatherapy and Emotional Well-being
Although not directly related to personal care products, it’s worth noting that caraway oil is often used in aromatherapy. Its calming and grounding aroma can help to reduce stress and anxiety, providing emotional balance. This makes it a valuable oil for incorporating into products designed to offer relaxation, like bath salts or diffuser blends.
Safety and Precautions
Before using caraway essential oil, it’s crucial to conduct a patch test to ensure no allergic reaction occurs. Pregnant and nursing women, as well as individuals with certain medical conditions, should consult a healthcare provider before using this oil. It's also crucial to store the oil in a cool, dark place to preserve its efficacy and shelf life.
With its multifaceted applications and benefits, caraway essential oil is a wonderful addition to a variety of personal care and cosmetic products. Whether you’re formulating a new skincare line or crafting handmade soaps, caraway oil provides both functional benefits and aromatic delights.
Caraway Essential Oil its Uses
Caraway essential oil, extracted from the seeds of the Carum carvi plant, has been a treasured aromatic and therapeutic agent for centuries. Its rich history spans numerous cultures, and today it remains a prominent essential oil in aromatherapy, cosmetic, and personal care products. Below, we delve into the diverse uses of caraway essential oil and its potential benefits.
Caraway oil is a popular choice in aromatherapy due to its calming and uplifting properties. The oil's warm, spicy aroma can help alleviate mental fatigue, improve mood, and induce feelings of calmness. When diffused, it promotes a serene ambiance, making it a perfect addition for relaxation sessions and meditation practices.
2. Cosmetic and Skincare
The oil's natural composition makes it beneficial for skin health. It's known to have regenerative properties that help in repairing skin cells, reducing the appearance of wrinkles, and maintaining a youthful complexion. Moreover, its antiseptic properties can help in treating minor skin infections and inflammations. Several skincare products incorporate caraway essential oil as an ingredient to harness these benefits.
3. Hair Care
Caraway essential oil can be a valuable addition to hair care routines. When diluted and applied to the scalp, it can help combat dandruff and promote a healthy scalp environment. Its stimulating properties can potentially support hair growth and improve overall hair health.
4. Muscle and Joint Relief
Historically, caraway oil has been used as a massage oil to relieve muscular pain and stiffness. Its warming effect, combined with anti-inflammatory properties, can provide comfort to sore muscles and aching joints. For a soothing massage blend, combine caraway essential oil with a carrier oil like almond or jojoba.
5. Digestive Aid
One of the most traditional uses of caraway essential oil is as a digestive aid. When diluted and massaged onto the abdomen, it can help alleviate digestive discomfort, reduce bloating, and promote healthy digestion. However, always ensure proper dilution and consult with a healthcare professional before topical application for such purposes.
6. Respiratory Support
Caraway essential oil is known to offer respiratory support due to its expectorant properties. It can assist in clearing nasal passages, making breathing easier. The oil can be diffused or inhaled directly to benefit from its respiratory-enhancing properties, especially during cold and flu seasons.
7. Natural Perfumery
Due to its unique spicy, yet sweet aroma, caraway oil finds its place in natural perfumery. It serves as a middle note in perfumes, adding depth and warmth to aromatic blends. When combined with citrus or woody essential oils, it produces an inviting and comforting scent.
8. Soap Making
The antiseptic properties of caraway essential oil, combined with its pleasant aroma, make it a favorite choice in soap making. The oil not only imparts its therapeutic benefits to the soap but also adds a distinct fragrance that appeals to many.
9. Insect Repellent
Caraway oil is known to have natural insect repelling properties. It can be used in DIY insect repellent sprays or lotions to keep bugs at bay. When combined with other repellent oils like citronella or eucalyptus, its efficacy can be enhanced.
10. Flavoring Agent in Personal Care Products
Though not used in food in this context, caraway's sweet-spicy aroma makes it a preferred flavoring agent in certain personal care products such as toothpaste and mouthwashes. It not only adds a pleasant taste but also benefits oral health due to its antiseptic properties.
It's important to note that before using caraway essential oil, especially for topical applications, it's vital to dilute it with a carrier oil. Also, while it offers a plethora of benefits, always do a patch test to ensure no allergic reactions, and consult with a healthcare or aromatherapy professional when in doubt. Overall, caraway essential oil remains a versatile and valuable addition to any essential oil collection, offering both aromatic delights and therapeutic benefits.
Caraway Essential Oil its Benefits
Caraway Essential Oil, derived from the seeds of the Carum carvi plant, has been a revered substance in various cultures for its plethora of health and therapeutic benefits. A combination of its unique chemical composition and aromatic properties lends caraway essential oil its wide-ranging benefits. Here we delve into some of the predominant benefits of this potent essential oil.
1. Digestive Support
One of the most renowned benefits of caraway essential oil is its ability to support the digestive system. It has been traditionally used to relieve digestive spasms, reduce gas formation, and combat bloating. The carminative properties of the oil can help in the expulsion of gas from the body, thereby preventing discomfort and the potential complications of accumulated gas such as indigestion and hypertension.
2. Antispasmodic Properties
Caraway oil is known to exhibit antispasmodic properties. It can help alleviate muscular spasms, providing relief from symptoms such as cramps and muscle pulls. Its relaxing effect on the nerves and muscles can be beneficial for those suffering from spasmodic disorders.
3. Respiratory Aid
With its expectorant properties, caraway essential oil can be of immense help in clearing out congestion from the respiratory system. It aids in loosening the mucus and phlegm deposits in the respiratory tracts and lungs. This can be particularly beneficial for people suffering from respiratory disorders such as asthma, bronchitis, or seasonal allergies.
4. Skin Health Enhancer
The oil’s natural antiseptic properties can be leveraged in skincare to treat minor cuts, wounds, and skin infections. Additionally, its regenerative capabilities aid in skin rejuvenation, making it a good choice for mature or damaged skin. It helps promote a clearer, more youthful complexion by supporting skin's natural healing processes.
5. Hair Health Promoter
Caraway essential oil is a beneficial agent for scalp and hair health. It can help combat dandruff, soothe itchy scalp conditions, and potentially strengthen hair roots. Its tonic property can rejuvenate the scalp, possibly promoting hair growth and reducing hair loss.
6. Natural Diuretic
Caraway essential oil can act as a natural diuretic, promoting both quantity and frequency of urination. This not only helps rid the body of toxins and excess salts but also aids in reducing blood pressure and fat, as urination is an effective method of removing excess water and fat from the body.
7. Mental Well-being
Aromatherapy practices have long harnessed caraway oil for its uplifting and stress-reducing effects. Its calming properties can help mitigate symptoms of anxiety, stress, and depression. When diffused or inhaled, the oil has the potential to uplift mood, clear mental fog, and boost focus and clarity.
8. Antioxidant Properties
Rich in antioxidants, caraway essential oil plays a role in neutralizing free radicals that can cause cellular damage. This oxidative stress is often a precursor to premature aging and various chronic diseases. By combating these free radicals, the oil supports overall health and wellness.
9. Galactagogue Effects
Traditionally, caraway oil has been used by nursing mothers for its galactagogue properties – it's believed to promote milk production. However, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional before using caraway oil or any other substance to influence lactation.
10. Natural Insect Repellant
Caraway essential oil's aromatic properties can deter insects, making it a natural insect repellent. It can be used in DIY repellent formulations to keep mosquitoes and other pests at bay without resorting to chemicals.
While caraway essential oil offers a diverse range of benefits, it's crucial to use it responsibly. Always ensure proper dilution before topical applications, and it's recommended to conduct a patch test to check for allergic reactions. For internal uses or specific therapeutic purposes, consulting with a healthcare or aromatherapy professional is essential. With its multifaceted benefits, caraway essential oil is undoubtedly a valuable addition to holistic health practices and aromatherapy.
Caraway Essential Oil the Principal Constitutents
Caraway Essential Oil is derived from the seeds of the Carum carvi plant, and it is renowned for its unique aroma and therapeutic properties. This essential oil owes its myriad of benefits to a combination of chemical constituents that are present within it. Let's delve into the main components that make up caraway essential oil.
The primary and most abundant component in caraway essential oil is carvone, making up to 50-80% of the oil. Carvone is responsible for the oil's characteristic sweet and spicy aroma. It's also the component that endows caraway oil with its carminative properties, aiding in the relief of digestive issues such as bloating and flatulence.
Limonene is another significant constituent present in caraway essential oil. This monoterpene compound not only contributes to the oil's distinctive aroma but also offers antioxidant properties, helping to neutralize harmful free radicals in the body.
Present in smaller amounts, acetaldehyde contributes to the slightly pungent and fruity aroma of the oil. It has been studied for various properties, including its potential antimicrobial effects.
This component, found in trace amounts in caraway oil, has a sweet and almond-like aroma. Furfural has been investigated for its potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
A minor constituent of caraway essential oil, eugenol is renowned for its antiseptic and analgesic properties. This compound, often found in clove oil, can be beneficial in formulations designed for pain relief and anti-inflammatory purposes.
Alpha-pinene and beta-pinene are terpenes that contribute to the fresh, pine-like aroma of many essential oils, including caraway. Pinene is known for its anti-inflammatory and bronchodilatory effects, making it valuable for respiratory concerns.
Understanding the principal constituents of caraway essential oil provides insight into its therapeutic and aromatic properties. These components, in various proportions, create a synergy that makes the oil beneficial for multiple applications, from aromatherapy to traditional medicine. However, it's essential to remember that the exact composition can vary based on factors such as the geographical origin of the caraway seeds, the extraction method, and the specific batch of oil. When purchasing caraway essential oil, opting for a high-quality, pure product is crucial to ensure its efficacy and safety.
Caraway Essential Oil and Pets
When it comes to pets, it's crucial to exercise caution and consult with a veterinarian before using essential oils, including Caraway essential oil. Not all essential oils are safe for animals, and Caraway is one that requires particular attention.
Can Be Toxic
Caraway essential oil can be toxic to some animals when ingested or applied directly to the skin. Cats and small dogs are particularly vulnerable, given their smaller size and different metabolic pathways compared to humans. Even when diffused, Caraway oil can have harmful effects, including skin and respiratory irritation.
Symptoms of Toxicity
Common symptoms of toxicity include drooling, vomiting, and lethargy. If you suspect your pet has ingested Caraway essential oil or is displaying any of these symptoms after exposure, seek veterinary advice immediately.
If you're seeking to create a pet-friendly environment, consider alternatives to Caraway essential oil. Some oils are known for their safety profile when used with pets, although even these should be used cautiously and under a vet's guidance. Always remember to consult with a qualified veterinarian before introducing any new substances into your pet's environment.
If you do choose to use Caraway essential oil in a diffuser, make sure it is well out of reach of pets and that the room is adequately ventilated. Never confine your pet in a room with a running essential oil diffuser without providing an escape route.
Caraway Essential Oil and Aromatherapy
Caraway essential oil, derived from the seeds of the Carum carvi plant, holds a special place in the realm of aromatherapy. With its earthy, spicy, and somewhat sweet aroma, Caraway essential oil provides both psychological and physiological benefits when used aromatically.
The Emotional Impact
One of the most celebrated aspects of Caraway essential oil in aromatherapy is its potential to positively influence emotional well-being. The scent is believed to induce feelings of warmth and comfort, making it an ideal oil for stress relief. It has traditionally been used to promote relaxation and ease feelings of tension and anxiety.
Caraway essential oil is often categorized as a grounding oil in aromatherapy. This means it has the potential to bring a sense of stability and calm during emotional upheavals or stressful situations. Some aromatherapists recommend Caraway oil as a balancing agent for emotional extremes.
Caraway essential oil blends well with a variety of other oils, enhancing its aromatherapy potential. Common blending partners include lavender, rosemary, and ginger. These combinations can create a richer aromatic experience and enhance the emotional and psychological benefits of the blend.
A Note on Application
In aromatherapy, Caraway essential oil can be used in several ways including diffusion, direct inhalation, or as an ingredient in aromatherapy blends. However, it is always advisable to follow the guidelines set by qualified aromatherapists, especially when using the oil for the first time.
Caraway Essential Oil the History
The history of Caraway essential oil is intertwined with centuries of culinary, medicinal, and even mystical practices. Originating from the Carum carvi plant, Caraway has roots that trace back to ancient civilizations and has been a mainstay in various traditional systems of medicine and personal care.
The use of Caraway dates back to ancient times. It was well-known in the ancient Egyptian civilization and was found in Egyptian tombs dating as far back as 2000 BCE. The Greeks and Romans also valued Caraway for its digestive benefits, often using it to flavor food and wine. During medieval times, Caraway was believed to possess protective qualities and was used in love potions and to ward off evil spirits.
In traditional Ayurvedic medicine, Caraway has been used for enhancing digestion and relieving respiratory conditions. It was a common remedy for indigestion and flatulence, although we are focusing on its other applications here. In Europe, Caraway was traditionally used in skin ointments and soothing balms, as well as aromatic applications such as potpourris and sachets.
Caraway in Literature and Folklore
Caraway finds mention in many historical texts and folk stories. It was often considered a symbol of fidelity and was used in weddings and other ceremonies to signify a strong, faithful bond. Shakespeare even mentioned Caraway in his play "Henry IV," highlighting its cultural relevance during that period.
Modern Day Applications
Today, Caraway essential oil is used in a plethora of applications ranging from soap making to cosmetics. The oil is steam-distilled from the seeds of the Carum carvi plant, capturing its unique aromatic profile and beneficial properties. Its uses have evolved over time, but its importance in various cultures and traditional practices remains significant.
Caraway Essential Oil - Additional Safety
While Caraway essential oil is generally considered safe for topical and aromatic uses, especially when diluted, it's crucial to be aware of some additional safety concerns that could affect certain individuals or circumstances. Below are some important factors to consider:
Is Caraway Essential Oil Safe for Everyone?
Children, pregnant and nursing women, and people with sensitive skin or certain health conditions like liver diseases should exercise caution. It is always advisable to consult a healthcare professional before adding a new essential oil to your regimen. Some individuals may experience allergic reactions or skin irritations upon exposure, so a patch test is highly recommended.
Can it Interact with Other Medications?
Yes, Caraway essential oil could interact with medications and other treatments. For example, because of its natural antispasmodic properties, it might interact with medications meant to relax muscles or control spasms. Likewise, people who are on medications for diabetes, high blood pressure, or blood clotting should consult their healthcare provider for possible interactions.
Is It Phototoxic?
Unlike some citrus oils, Caraway oil is not generally considered phototoxic. However, skin exposed to the oil should not be exposed to intense sunlight or ultraviolet light for extended periods, as an abundance of caution.
Should it be Ingested?
While this discussion primarily focuses on personal care and topical applications, it's worth noting that the ingestion of Caraway essential oil should be avoided unless under the supervision of a healthcare provider.
Proper Storage and Shelf Life
Caraway essential oil should be stored in a cool, dark place, away from direct sunlight. If not stored properly, the oil can oxidize and lose its effectiveness, and oxidized oils can become skin irritants over time.
Overall, Caraway essential oil is a valuable addition to various personal care applications but should be used with the knowledge of these additional safety concerns. Always prioritize proper dilution, consult with healthcare providers when in doubt, and be mindful of its storage and shelf life.
The Artisan's Choice for Soap and Cosmetic Ingredients
In the expansive world of online retail, there exists a unique niche for hobbyists and professionals alike: soap and cosmetic making. One standout in this niche is our store, SoapGoods.com.
SoapGoods is an online-only retailer that has carved out a space in the market by catering to the specific needs of those passionate about handcrafted soap, skincare, and cosmetics. Offering an array of high-quality ingredients and supplies, SoapGoods aims to be a one-stop-shop for everything needed to create personal care items, from the basic to the most intricate.
The product range at SoapGoods is vast and encompasses a wide variety of categories. Here are some of the main ones:
- Oils and Butters: Fundamental to soap-making, oils and butters like olive oil pomace, coconut oil 76, shea butter refined, and cocoa butter natural provide the base for many formulations. Each oil or butter possesses unique properties, be it moisturizing capabilities, lathering quality, or hardness.
- Essential Oils and Fragrance Oils: To give handmade soaps and cosmetics their distinctive scents, SoapGoods offers a diverse selection of essential oils derived from natural plants and fragrance oils which are more complex, synthetic scents.
- Additives: From natural clays and botanicals to exfoliating agents like pumice and walnut shell, these additives help enhance the texture, appearance, and benefits of the final product.
- Colorants: SoapGoods provides a range of pigments, dyes, and micas, allowing crafters to achieve the perfect hue for their creations.
- Molds and Equipment: Beyond ingredients, SoapGoods stocks a variety of tools and equipment. Silicone molds, thermometers, pH testers, and more ensure that hobbyists and professionals can craft their products with precision.
- Packaging Supplies: For those looking to sell or gift their creations, the store offers an assortment of packaging materials, including bottles, jars and shrink wraps.
Quality and Sourcing
One of the standout features of SoapGoods is its commitment to quality. Many products are sourced to ensure they are non-GMO, and from reputable sources. After 20 years in the industry, we have been able to find the highest quality sources at fair prices. This dedication to quality resonates with a clientele that values natural and ethical ingredients.
Shopping on SoapGoods.com is a seamless experience. The site is intuitively designed, making product searches straightforward. Clear product descriptions, accompanied by high-resolution images, make it easier for shoppers to discern the right products for their needs. Moreover, the site often features customer reviews, which offer insights and real-world experiences with the products.
Shipping and Customer Service
With efficient shipping options and the fastest shipping in the industry, SoapGoods ensures that customers receive their orders in a timely manner. Their commitment to customer satisfaction is also evident in their attentive customer service, ready to address any queries or concerns.
FedEx Delivery Map
USPS Delivery Map
Typical Delivery Times to Major US Cities
|Major Cities||Total Business Days +1 / -1|
|Alabama (AL) - Montgomery, Birmingham||1|
|Alaska (AK) - Juneau, Anchorage||7|
|Arizona (AZ) - Phoenix, Tucson||4|
|Arkansas (AR) - Little Rock, Fayetteville||2|
|California (CA) - Sacramento, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Sacramento, San Jose||4|
|Colorado (CO) - Denver, Colorado Springs||3|
|Connecticut (CT) - Hartford, New Haven||2|
|Delaware (DE) - Dover, Wilmington, Newark||2|
|Florida (FL) - Tallahassee, Orlando, Miami, Jacksonville, Tampa, Destin||2|
|Georgia (GA) - Atlanta, Savannah, Augusta, Athens||1|
|Hawaii (HI) - Honolulu, Kailua||7|
|Idaho (ID) - Boise, Coeur d'Alene||4|
|Illinois (IL) - Springfield, Chicago, Peoria, Rockford||2|
|Indiana (IN) - Indianapolis, Fort Wayne||2|
|Iowa (IA) - Des Moines, Cedar Rapids||2|
|Kansas (KS) - Topeka, Wichita, Kansas City||2|
|Kentucky (KY) - Frankfort, Louisville, Lexington||2|
|Louisiana (LA) - Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Lafayette||2|
|Maine (ME) - Augusta, Portland, Bangor||3|
|Maryland (MD) - Annapolis, Baltimore||2|
|Massachusetts (MA) - Boston, Cambridge, Worcester||2|
|Michigan (MI) - Lansing, Detroit, Grand Rapids||2|
|Minnesota (MN) - St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth||3|
|Mississippi (MS) - Jackson, Biloxi, Hattiesburg||1|
|Missouri (MO) - Jefferson City, St Louis, Kansas City||2|
|Montana (MT) - Helena, Billings||4|
|Nebraska (NE) - Lincoln, Omaha||2|
|Nevada (NV) - Carson City, Las Vegas, Reno||4|
|New Hampshire (NH) - Concord, Manchester, Portsmouth||2|
|New Jersey (NJ) - Trenton, Newark, Jersey City||2|
|New Mexico (NM) - Santa Fe, Alburquerque||3|
|New York (NY) - Albany, New York, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany, Syracuse, Niagara Falls, Ithaca||3|
|North Carolina (NC) - Raleigh, Charlotte||2|
|North Dakota (ND) - Bismarck, Fargo||3|
|Ohio (OH) - Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati||2|
|Oklahoma (OK) - Oklahoma City, Fairview,||2|
|Oregon (OR) - Salem, Portland, Eugene||5|
|Pennsylvania (PA) - Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh||2|
|Rhode Island (RI) - Providence, Newport||2|
|South Carolina (SC) - Columbia, Charleston||1|
|South Dakota (SD) - Pierre, Sioux Falls, Rapid City||3|
|Tennessee (TN) - Nashville, Memphis||2|
|Texas (TX) - Austin, Houston, Dallas||3|
|Utah (UT) - Salt Lake City, St. George||3|
|Vermont (VT) - Montpelier, Burlington||3|
|Virginia (VA) - Richmond, Virginia Beach||2|
|Washington (WA) - Olympia, Seattle, Vancouver, Spokane||5|
|West Virginia (WV) - Charleston, Morgantown||2|
|Wisconsin (WI) - Madison, Milwaukee||2|
|Wyoming (WY) - Cheyenne, Jackson||4|
Disclaimer: All product descriptions and specifications provided in this description are intended as a guide only and are subject to change without notice. While we strive for accuracy, discrepancies or errors may be present. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.